mw. S.F. (Sanne) Klaver MA

  • Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen
    Capaciteitsgroep Geschiedenis
  • Bezoekadres
    Oost-Indisch Huis
    Kloveniersburgwal 48  Amsterdam
    Kamernummer: D 0.09
  • Postadres:
    Kloveniersburgwal  48
    1012 CX  Amsterdam

Sanne Klaver (1982) finished her Bachelor’s degree Art History and her Master’s degree Art History ( cum laude) at the University of Amsterdam. For her master thesis she examined the paintings in the baptistery at Dura-Europos, Syria. The results of this research are published as ‘The Brides of Christ. ‘The Women in Procession’ in the Baptistery of Dura-Europos’, Eastern Christian Art 9 (2012-2013), p. 63-78.

Research: The social and public life of women in Graeco-Roman Syria: the case of Dura-Europos, Palmyra and Zeugma on the Euphrates

In September 2013 I started working on my PhD thesis 'The social and public life of women in Graeco-Roman Syria: the case of Dura-Europos, Palmyra and Zeugma on the Euphrates'.

My research aims to provide new insights in the changing social and public life of women of the provincial and civic elites in Syrian cities under Roman rule during the first three centuries CE. Central to this research are their public self-representation, their functioning as, for example, priestesses and benefactresses, and their role in the social networks of their cities, families and tribes. To analyse the position of Syrian women and the way this changed under Roman rule I opt for an interdisciplinary approach, combining texts (inscriptions, literary sources, juridical sources) and pictorial sources (paintings, mosaics, honorary and funerary sculptures). Central to this study is the quest for Roman, Greek and indigenous cultural influences on the public (self-)representation, functions and social roles of the women from the local elites.

Research interests

Ancient history, art history, archaeology, women and gender studies, women in the ancient world, Roman history, cities in the ancient world, ancient Near East, Palmyra, Dura-Europos, Zeugma account

Social Media

Follow me on Twitter @SanneKlaver

Ancillary activities

Tour guide at Allard Pierson Museum, the archaeology museum of the University of Amsterdam

The so-called Beauty of Palmyra, funerary relief from Palmyra. On display at Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek


  • Klaver, S. F. (2016). Dress and identity in the Syrian-Mesopotamian region: The case of the women of Dura-Europos. In Aram Periodical. (1-2 ed., Vol. 28, pp. 375-391) [details]


  • Klaver, S. (2013). The brides of Christ: ‘The Women in Procession’ in the baptistery of Dura-Europos. Eastern Christian Art, 9, 63-78. DOI: 10.2143/ECA.9.0.3044823 [details]
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