Fotograaf: onbekend

mw. drs. E. (Eva) Lobach


  • Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen
    Groep: Docenten OWI Psychologie
  • Bezoekadres
    REC G
    Nieuwe Achtergracht 129  Amsterdam
  • Postadres:
    Postbus  15937
    1001 NK  Amsterdam
  • E.Lobach@uva.nl
    T: 0205257015

Research interests

I conduct research on intuition, decision making, and parapsychology. Students interested in doing an apprenticeship ( stage ) or a master thesis on these topics are welcome to discuss their hunches, plans or intuitions....

  • Intuition . I am completing a PhD project about Intuition (with Dick Bierman). Intuition can be defined as "affectively charged judgments that arise through rapid, non-conscious, and holistic associations." (Dane & Pratt, 2007). Although intuition involves non-conscious processes, the outcomes of these intuitive processes can somehow be evaluated. I try to find answers to questions like: a. to what extent are physiological changes (heartrate, EEG, etc.) indicative of intuitive processes? b. Is intuition helpful in decision making? c. Can we improve intuition, d. and if so, how can we improve it? e. In what types of situations is intuition more likely to happen or be used? f. In what way is the use of implicit knowledge the same as or different from intuition? 
  • Parapsychology . Although many psychologists do not recognize parapsychology as a legitimate field of study, I believe there is ample empirical evidence to conclude that at least 'something strange' is going on. Students who are interested are invited to join me to further chart this exciting field. Research questions that combine 'mainstream' (i.e., 'accepted') psychology with parapsychological research questions are definitely possible.

Teaching

I love working together with students, and love the variety of different subjects and teaching goals. I try to find the best ways to share what I know and to learn new points of view from my students.

Psychological Research Methods

  • Since graduating in Psychological Methodology in 1999 (and even before), I have taught or helped design courses in research methods, statistics and SPSS.
  • Besides supervising bachelor or master thesis research projects, I also teach courses in scientific writing in Psychology.
Mathematics
Twice a year I teach a course in mathematics at the Psychology Department at the University of Amsterdam that helps students prepare for a maths test. Students who have insufficient background in mathematics need to pass this maths test in order to qualify for statistics modules in the first year Psychology curriculum at the University of Amsterdam.
Increasingly, students in other fields participate in this course as well.

OUDE WISKUNDETOETSEN

Voor de wiskundecursisten 2011
Bij de links hieronder kun je oude wiskundetoetsen (t/m juni 2011) en de uitwerkingen (aparte link) downloaden.

CURRENT PROJECTS

  • Preparing a study looking at the relationship between intuition and heartrate variability, andthe influence of training methods aimed at increasing coherence (stability) of heartrate.
  • Preparing a study aimed at teasing apart the influences of psi-like intuitions and implicit-learning-like intuitions,and how these are related tophysiological processes (heart rate in particular).
  • Summing up recent findings in preparation of a meeting with a small group of implicit learning researchersto exchange ideas, further our understanding and setting up future research agenda's.
  • Analyzing data from an earlier study aimed at identifying factors that explain individual differences between people who excel at implicit learning
Last updated January 15 2009

Previous Projects

The majority of my research projects are about decision making, intuition, and paranormal phenomena. Many of these are student projects.

2008

  • Intuition and meditation . Together with two master students we explored the influence of a 10-day meditation retreat on interoception (sensitivity to your own bodily changes) and intuition. Contrary to our expectations, we found that the retreat did not affect interoception as measured by a heart beat detection task, nor the performance on two intuition tasks. General mood did improve after the retreat as compared to a control group. There was some indication that long time meditators performed significantly worse on one of the intuition (implicit learning) tasks.

  • Heartrate and Intuition . Intuition as measured by a Gestalt Completion task showed that heartrate decreased when people looked at meaningful as compared to meaningless pictures. This effect was absent if people had to judge the meaningfulness of a picture, or choose which one of two pictures was meaningful.

Which of the above two pictures is meaningful?
These types of pictures were used in the Gestalt intuition task.

2007

  • Heartrate, interoception and analytical intuition . Exploring the relationship between heartrate changes and intuitive decision making in an implicit learning task. While we found that heartrate slowed down significantly while seeing the correct stimulus, but we found no relationship with hits or misses. We also found that people who were more sensitive to their own heart rate were generally more 'rational' as measured by an intuition questionnaire. We suspect that this rationality may indicate a tendency to suppress fear, while the fear may either enhance heartbeats and thus increase the likelyhood of those being perceived, or on the other hand, being more fearful makes one more likely to be sensitive to all kinds of subtle bodily changes, such as heartrate.

  • Heartrate, intuition and holistich intuition . In this study we compared heartrate differences for meaningful and meaningless Gestalts (see illustration above) and found some indication that people who can detect their own heartbeat, show a marginally increased heartrate when seeing meaningful Gestalts as compared to meaningless pictures, where they had to choose the one (out of two) that was meaningful.

  • Correlational study aimed at finding psychological characteristics that are related to implicit learning, and comparing two types of implicit learning tasks.These data are still being analysed, but surprisingly, there was a small but significant negative correlation between the twoimplicit learning tasks.


2006

The Gambling Brain . In this precognition study we explored whether EEG shows a different response to future outcomes on a fruitmachine type stimulus. The participant is passive, but will have an investment because three identical pictures will give a monetary reward. We compared precognitive EEG with EEG in an implicit learning condition in which visible but inconspicuous cues indicated a positive future outcome. Although we did not find any differences in EEG between positive and negative future outcomes in either precognitive or implicit learning condition, the few participants who felt like they could influence the outcome with their thoughts (although not possible in any known way), did show a significant difference in their EEG between positive and negative future outcomes.

2005

  • Meditation and presentiment. Long time meditators and controls were invited twice to the laboratory, once for a session in a meditative, relaxed state, and once for a session in a 'normal' state. During both sessions their skinconductance was being measured. At unpredictable moments, they would hear either a neutral or a very unpleasant loud alarm. We expected that skin conductance response would shownot only a more pronounced response after the loud alarm, but also preceding it ( presentiment effect ), and expected this would not happen for the neutral sound. Contrary to ourexpectations, the response prior to the neutral sounds instead of to the loud alarm was more pronounced in the non-meditativestate, and significant only for long time meditators.

  • Presentiment in the Brain . (At Dean Radin's lab at the Institute of Noetic Sciences). We registered EEG of participants directly prior to a flash or prior to no flash. Flashes were random and fundamentably unpredictable for both participant or experimenter. We found a significant EEG presentiment effect for women only, and a non-significant trend in the opposite direction for men.(Photograph of Dean Radin on the left).


2007

  • Heartrate, interoception and analytical intuition . Exploring the relationship between heartrate changes and intuitive decision making in an implicit learning task. While we found that heartrate slowed down significantly while seeing the correct stimulus, but we found no relationship with hits or misses. We also found that people who were more sensitive to their own heart rate were generally more 'rational' as measured by an intuition questionnaire. We suspect that this rationality may indicate a tendency to suppress fear, while the fear may either enhance heartbeats and thus increase the likelyhood of those being perceived, or on the other hand, being more fearful makes one more likely to be sensitive to all kinds of subtle bodily changes, such as heartrate.

  • Heartrate, intuition and holistich intuition . In this study we compared heartrate differences for meaningful and meaningless Gestalts (see illustration above) and found some indication that people who can detect their own heartbeat, show a marginally increased heartrate when seeing meaningful Gestalts as compared to meaningless pictures, where they had to choose the one (out of two) that was meaningful.

  • Correlational study aimed at finding psychological characteristics that are related to implicit learning, and comparing two types of implicit learning tasks.These data are still being analysed, but surprisingly, there was a small but significant negative correlation between the twoimplicit learning tasks.

2006

The Gambling Brain . In this precognition study we explored whether EEG shows a different response to future outcomes on a fruitmachine type stimulus. The participant is passive, but will have an investment because three identical pictures will give a monetary reward. We compared precognitive EEG with EEG in an implicit learning condition in which visible but inconspicuous cues indicated a positive future outcome. Although we did not find any differences in EEG between positive and negative future outcomes in either precognitive or implicit learning condition, the few participants who felt like they could influence the outcome with their thoughts (although not possible in any known way), did show a significant difference in their EEG between positive and negative future outcomes.

2005

  • Meditation and presentiment. Long time meditators and controls were invited twice to the laboratory, once for a session in a meditative, relaxed state, and once for a session in a 'normal' state. During both sessions their skinconductance was being measured. At unpredictable moments, they would hear either a neutral or a very unpleasant loud alarm. We expected that skin conductance response would shownot only a more pronounced response after the loud alarm, but also preceding it ( presentiment effect ), and expected this would not happen for the neutral sound. Contrary to ourexpectations, the response prior to the neutral sounds instead of to the loud alarm was more pronounced in the non-meditativestate, and significant only for long time meditators.

  • Presentiment in the Brain . (At Dean Radin's lab at the Institute of Noetic Sciences). We registered EEG of participants directly prior to a flash or prior to no flash. Flashes were random and fundamentably unpredictable for both participant or experimenter. We found a significant EEG presentiment effect for women only, and a non-significant trend in the opposite direction for men.(Photograph of Dean Radin on the left).

Publications

Lobach, E. (2008). Presentiment research: Past, present, and future. Paper presented at the Conference "Charting the Future of Parapsychology, Utrecht II", 16-19 October, 2008, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
Lobach, E. (2008). Een betere intuïtie door meditatie? (A better intuition as a result of meditation?). Tijdschrift voor Parapsychologie en Bewustzijnsonderzoek (Dutch Journal of Parapsychology and Consciousness Research) , 75, 3, 4-7
Bierman, D.J., and Lobach, E. (2007). Towards more explicit means of assessing controverial research literatures. [Letter to the editor]. The Humanistic Psychologist, 35, 3,291-295
Lobach, E. (2007). Wetenschappelijk onderzoek: de weerbarstige praktijk. (Scientific research: The unwieldy practice). Tijdschrift voor Parapsychologie en Bewustzijnsonderzoek (DutchJournal of Parapsychology and ConsciousnessResearch) , 74,2.4-7
Lobach, E. (2007). De ontmaskeraars ontmaskerd... (Debunkersdebunked....). Tijdschrift voor Parapsychologie en Bewustzijnsonderzoek (Dutch Journal of Parapsychology and Consciousness Research) , 74, 2. 10-13
Lobach, E. (2007). Sceptische mythen. (Sceptics' Myths). Tijdschrift voor Parapsychologie en Bewustzijnsonderzoek (Dutch Journal of Parapsychology and Consciousness Research) , 74, 2. 14-15.
Radin, D., and Lobach, E. (2007). Toward understanding the placebo effect: Investigating a possible retrocausal factor. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 13,7. 733-739.
Lobach, E. (2006) Licht en planten: een duistere relatie (Lightand plants: An obscure relationship). Tijdschrift voor Parapsychologie (Dutch Journal of Parapsychology), Vol 73, nr.4
Lobach, E. (2006) Onderzoek naar voortbestaan na de dood nieuw leven ingeblazen (Afterlife research reanimated) . Tijdschrift voor Parapsychologie (Dutch Journal of Parapsychology), Vol 73, nr. 3
Lobach, E. (2006) Interview met Nicola Holt. Tijdschrift voor Parapsychologie (Dutch Journal of Parapsychology), Vol 73, nr.3
Radin, E., and Lobach, E. (2006). Presentiment in the brain. Proceedings of the 49th Convention of the Parapsychological Association, Stockholm .
Lobach, E. (2005) Interview met Christine Simmonds. Tijdschrift voor Parapsychologie (Dutch Journalof Parapsychology). Vol72, nr. 4
Lobach, E. (2005) Goochelen, experimenteren, theoretiseren. (Conjuring, experimenting, theorising) Tijdschrift voor Parapsychologie (Dutch Journal of Parapsychology), Vol 72, nr 3.
Lobach, E. (2005) Interview met Leila Kozak. Tijdschrift voor Parasychologie (Dutch Journal of Parapsychology), Vol 72, nr 3.
Lobach, E (200 5) Ed May en DAT. Tijdschrift voor Parapsychologie (Dutch Journal of Parapsychology). Vol 72, nr3.
Lobach, E. (2005) De nachtmerrie van het droomonderzoek (The nightmare of dream research). Tijdschrift voor Parapsychologie (Dutch Journal of Parapsychology), Vol 72, nr 1.
Lobach, E. (2004) Weten wie er belt voordat je de telefoon opneemt (Knowing who's calling before answering the phone). Tijdschrift voor Parapsychologie (Dutch Journal of Parapsychology), Vol 71, nr 4
Lobach, E., Blomsma, N., Pos, K., Pronk, T., Sars, D. (2004) Eyes pricking in your back . Supervised student project. Internal Report, University of Amsterdam .
Lobach, E. (2004) Slanke heupen, gezonde sla. Verslag van de 46e conferentie van de Parapsychological Association (Reporting the 46th conference of the Parapsychological Association). Tijdschrift voor Parapsychologie (Dutch Journal of Parapsychology), Vol71,nr 4 .
Lobach, E. and Bierman, D. (2004). Who's calling at this hour? Local sidereal time and telephone telepathy. Proceedings of the 47th Convention of the Parapsychological Association, Vienna .
Lobach, E. Sheldrake revisited: voelen dat er iemand naar je kijkt en weten wie er belt voordat je de telefoon opneemt. Lezing op de Dag van de Parapsychologie, juni 2004, Utrecht.
Lobach, E., Bierman, D., Bishop, S., Fiszter, C. Holla, M., Mulder, E., and Pistoor, S. (2004) The feeling thatyou're being watched . Supervised student project. Internal report, University of Amsterdam .
Lobach, E., van de Beek, S., Garcia Asensio, A. Coffy, O., and Melman, L. (2002) The feeling of being looked at . Supervised student project. Internal report, UniversityofAmsterdam
Lobach, E., Hommel, B.,Halekor, N, Houben, C., de Koning, V., Veen, V.(2002) Emotions and Choices. Supervised student project, Internal report, University of Amsterdam
Van Haaren, F., Lobach, E., van Abbema, A. Boot, L. van Delft, L., Glasbergen, L. Kersten, M. (2001) The feeling of being stared at? Supervised student project, Internal report, University of Amsterdam
Lobach, E., Hommel, B., Georg, K., Hopman, M., Moritz, V., Lauxtermann, B., Wokke, R. Ebels, E. (2001). How do feelings affect our choices? The influence of principles of congruence and hedonism on our choices . Supervised student project. Internal report, University of Amsterdam .
Lobach, E., Hessen, D., Blaauw, J., Peters, E., Schmittmann, V., and Tijsseling, I. (2001). Predicting multi-attributive choices by means of three different methods . Supervised student project.Internal report, University of Amsterdam
Lobach, E. (2000). Feelings and Decision Making, Invited talk,   ( University of Leiden , September 2000)
Lobach, E. and Halberstadt, J.B. (2000). Experience andconfidence. Experience with everyday decision making situations and decision making: Exploring the features of an expertise questionnaire. Technical report, University of Amsterdam .
Lobach, E. and Halberstadt, J. B.(1999) The influence of mood on the use of emotional responses in pre-decision information search. Unpublished Paper
Lobach, E., Halberstadt, J., and Koele, P. (1999). Invloed van de gemoedsstemming op het gebruik van een emotionele-waarde heuristiek bij het beslisproces. (Influence ofmood on the use of an emotional-value heuristic in decision making). Paper presented at the7th Winterconference of the Dutch Psychonomic Society (Egmond aan Zee, December 1999).

Talks and Presentations


Presentiment Research: Past, Present, and Future
. Presentation at the international conference "Charting the Future of Parapsychology, Utrecht II", 16-19 October 2008, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

(With Marnix van Rossum)
Invloed van Vipassana mindfulness meditatie op intuition (Influence of Vipassana mindfulness meditation on intuition) . Invited Talk, 24 April 2008, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

Presentiment and Remote Viewing. Invited Talk, 28 March 2008, Beesterzwaag, The Netherlands

Parapsychologie ( Parapsychology ). Invited Talk, Utrecht Student Association, January 2008, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Exploring the role of the heart during an intuitive decision making task.
Posterpresented atthe Biannual conference of Psychonomics, December 2007, Egmond aan Zee, The Netherlands

Presentiment and Remote Viewing. Invited Talk, 28 March 2008, Beesterzwaag, The Netherlands

Parapsychologie ( Parapsychology ). Invited Talk, Utrecht Student Association, January 2008, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Exploring the role of the heart during an intuitive decision making task.
Posterpresented atthe Biannual conference of Psychonomics, December 2007, Egmond aan Zee, The Netherlands

Parapsychologie ( Parapsychology ). Invited Talk, Utrecht Student Association, January 2008, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Exploring the role of the heart during an intuitive decision making task.
Posterpresented atthe Biannual conference of Psychonomics, December 2007, Egmond aan Zee, The Netherlands

Exploring the role of the heart during an intuitive decision making task.
Posterpresented atthe Biannual conference of Psychonomics, December 2007, Egmond aan Zee, The Netherlands

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