mw. M. (Muriel) Louwaard MA
Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen
Capaciteitsgroep Griekse en Latijnse talen en culturen
Turfdraagsterpad 9 Amsterdam
1012 XT Amsterdam
I am a PhD student for the New Perspectives on Ancient Pottery project (NPAP) at the Department of Archaeology of the University of Amsterdam. The NPAP project aspires to increase the quality and quantity of information retrieved from archaeological ceramics by applying a broad range of methodologies to pottery research and applying them to ancient pottery collected from three ongoing archaeological projects of the UvA in the Mediterranean region: the excavations on the site of Satricum in the province of Lazio, Italy and on Halos in mainland Greece; the survey/excavtion project on the Greek island of Zakynthos.
PhD research: Pottery from the Mid-Republican Period in Satricum (400-200 BC)
My PhD research deals with pottery from the Mid Republican
period (4th to 1st centuries BC) in Satricum. Ancient Satricum
(modern Le Ferriere, province of Latina, Italy) is one of the
best preserved sites in Central Italy, with a long research
history, starting in the nineteenth century with Italian
excavations, and followed in the 1970s by Dutch excavations
executed by the Dutch Institute in Rome, the University of
Groningen and the University of Amsterdam. Satricum has yielded
Archaeological remains from at least the 9th century BC until
the 1st century AD, including a road network, two necropoleis,
a small sanctuary and a Roman villa, but the site is mainly
known for the major Archaic sanctuary of Mater Matuta, goddess
of dawn, on the 'acropolis' hill, by the river Astura. Three
votive deposits suggest the persistence of cult activities over
a long period, and rectangular structures around the temple may
be related to the sanctuary. These stone buildings are preceded
by huts, small votive pits and child burials (9th-7th centuries
BC). During the 5th century people were buried in the city
area, and around 200 BC a small farmstead was built nearby on
The main context in Satricum which dates to the Mid Republican period and is therefore central to my PhD research comprises a votive deposit or, to be more precise, a secondary dump of votive material, located in front of the mentioned temple of Mater Matuta on the acropolis.
The central research question in the PhD research is how the wider political, economic and cultural processes that accompanied the Roman expansion in Italy in the 4th and 3rd c. BC in Central Italy, generally referred to as Romanisation, are reflected in the pottery from Satricum.
I intend to contribute to the current archaeological and historical debate on this subject, that has been one of the most hotly debated topics in studies of the Roman Republican period) by applying an integrated approach to the pottery from the different archaeological contexts at Satricum and a comparative approach between the contexts in Satricum and contexts abroad.
PhD research and NPAP
The PhD research is part of the seven year project New Perspectives on Ancient Pottery of the Department of Archaeology of the University of Amsterdam. The project has two central research themes, which attribute to some current issues in Mediterranean pottery research.
' From far or nearby? ': the relationship between imported and locally produced pottery in different find-contexts and periods.
' Does function follow form? ': the correlations between different wares, fabrics and shapes and the contexts they were used in.
The questions to be addressed in the PhD regard, on the one hand, the continuing habitation of the city and it's cult place(s)/activity, and the possibility of pottery production at the site. On the other, my research also tackles wider processes, such as the growing scale of communication between areas, to the movement of people, to trade contacts, exchange of ideas and merging identities, in the context of the Roman expansion in Italy. Satricum seems to have been in the heart of many developments, being located in between Campania to the South and Etruria to the North. All these issues fit very well to the NPAP research theme: From far or closeby.
1994-1997 BA in Archaeology- University of Leiden
1999-2004 MA in Archaeology- University of Amsterdam
2008-2010 Project assistant for NPAP- University of Amsterdam
2010-2011 PhD in Archaeology- University of Amsterdam
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