dhr. prof. dr. C.J. (Kees) Elsevier
Faculteit der Natuurwetenschappen, Wiskunde en Informatica
1090 GD Amsterdam
Catalysis and Molecular Inorganic Chemistry
The world and the people living on our planet depend on
catalysis for their life, well-being and development.
A lot of catalysts, be it in (living) bio-systems or in
chemical processes in industrial plants, exploit the central
role that a metal atom or particle, surrounded by its
specific environment (ligands), can play in chemical reactions.
It can influence the rate at which a reaction proceeds (speed
it up or slow it down). Specifically, it accelerates some
reactions and retards other and in this way selectivity for a
certain outcome of the reaction is obtained. We can influence
this when we have knowledge about the system and in this way we
and the catalyst are at thedriver-seat of numerous chemical
reactions. It is the choice of metal and its ligand
environment that dictate the way in which the catalyst enables
a reaction and blocks other possibilities.
Using the tools of MolecularChemistry we are able to influence the structure of catalysts and to steer their(re)activity.
We are in the Van 't Hoff Institute for Molecular Chemistry
The research group that I have the privilege to be part of is one of the two groups in the Catalysis section of the "Van 't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences" (FNWI). We focus on Molecular Chemistry with special attention for Inorganic, Organometallic chemistry and Catalysis.
Some research interests
In order to understand and extend the knowledge in this
area, I am working on aspects of catalysis and organometallic
chemistry, that is the chemistry of metals surrounded by one or
more organic groups (ligands). More specifically, I am very
interested in the following interrelated topics:
- Synthesis of new metal compounds with specific properties that were so far unknown.
- Constructing new catalysts from these, using groups attached to the metal (called ligands) that can facilitate reactions with no waste, where each metal atom is used a million (or more) times and then recovered).
- Finding new catalytic reactions and improve existing catalysis by new variants.
- Design catalytic systems that can work in environmentally benign solvents, such as water or liquid carbon dioxide.
- Study how these reactions proceed and learn from it how to steer a reaction in a desired direction.
- Use sectroscopy, especially Magnetic Resonance and Imaging, to study structures of compounds, also under high pressure.
- S. Warsink, S.Y. de Boer, L.M. Jongens, C.-F. Fu, S.-T. Liu, J.-T. Chen, M. Lutz, A.L. Spek, C.J. Elsevier. Synthesis and characterization of Pd(II)-methyl complexes with N-heterocyclic carbene-amine ligands: resistance to reductive elimination. Dalton Transactions , 2009 , 35 , 7080-7086. DOI: 10.1039/b906817a.</a>
- S. Warsink, P. Hauwert, M.A. Siegler, A.L. Spek, C.J. Elsevier. Palladium(0) pre-catalysts with heteroditopic NHC -amine ligands by transmetallation from their Silver(I) complexes. Appl. Organomet. Chem. , 2009 , 23 , 225-228. DOI: 10.1002/aoc.1501
- P. Hauwert, G. Maestri, J.W. Sprengers, M. Catellani, C.J. Elsevier. Transfer Semihydrogenation of Alkynes Catalyzed by a Zero-Valent Palladium N-Heterocyclic Carbene Complex. Angew. Chemie, Int. Ed., 2008 , 47 , 3223-3226.
- C.J. Elsevier, A.M. Kluwer. Homogeneous hydrogenation of alkynes and dienes. In: "Handbook of Homogeneous Hydrogenation", J.G. de Vries and C.J. Elsevier (Eds), Wiley-VCH, Darmstadt , Germany , 2007 , Vol 1, Ch.14, pp. 375-411.
- D. Domínguez-Gutiérrez, M. Surtchev, E. Eiser, C.J. Elsevier. First metallosurfactants based on Ru(II) complexes forming inverted aggregates. Nanoletters , 2006 , 6 , 145-147.
- A.M. Kluwer, T.S. Koblenz, Th. Jonischkeit, K. Woelk, C.J. Elsevier. Kinetic and Spectroscopic Studies of the [Palladium(Ar-bian)]-catalyzed Semi-hydrogenation of 4-Octyne. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2005 , 127 , 15470-15480.
- J.W. Sprengers, J. Wassenaar, N.D. Clement, K.J. Cavell, C.J. Elsevier. Palladium(N-Heterocyclic-Carbene) Hydrogenation Catalysts. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2005 , 44, 2026-2029.
- J.M. Ernsting, S. Gaemers, C.J. Elsevier. 103Rh NMR spectroscopy and its application to rhodium chemistry (review). Magn. Reson. Chem ., 2004 , 42, 721-736.
- A.M. Kluwer, C.J. Elsevier, M. Bühl, M. Lutz, A.L. Spek. Zerovalent palladium complexes with monodentate nitrogen sigma-donor ligands. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2003 , 40, 2319.
- E. Jansen, L.S. Jongbloed, D.S. Tromp, M. Lutz, B. de Bruin & C.J. Elsevier (2013). Ligand Effects on the Hydrogenation of Biomass-Inspired Substrates with Bifunctional Ru, Ir, and Rh Complexes. ChemSusChem, 6(9), 1737-1744.
- J. J. Dunsford, D.S. Tromp, K.J. Cavell, C.J. Elsevier & B. M. Kariuki (2013). N-alkyl functionalised expanded ring N-heterocyclic carbene complexes of rhodium(I) and iridium(I): structural investigations and preliminary catalytic evaluation. Dalton Transactions, 42(20), 7318-7329.
- S.N. Sluijter, S. Warsink, M. Lutz & C.J. Elsevier (2013). Synthesis of palladium(0) and -(II) complexes with chelating bis(N-heterocyclic carbene) ligands and their application in semihydrogenation. Dalton Transactions, 42(20), 7365-7372.
- P. Hauwert, J. J. Dunsford, D.S. Tromp, J.J. Weigand, M. Lutz, K.J. Cavell & C.J. Elsevier (2013). Zerovalent [Pd(NHC)(Alkene)(1,2)] Complexes Bearing Expanded-Ring N-Heterocyclic Carbene Ligands in Transfer Hydrogenation of Alkynes. Organometallics, 32(1), 131-140.
- D.S. Tromp, P. Hauwert & C.J. Elsevier (2012). Synthesis of bis-N-alkyl imidazolium salts and their palladium(0)(NHC)(η2-MA)2 complexes. Applied Organometallic Chemistry, 26(7), 335-341.
- S. Warsink, S. Bosman, J.J. Weigand & C.J. Elsevier (2011). Rigid pyridyl substituted NHC ligands, their Pd(0) complexes and their application in selective transfer semihydrogenation of alkynes. Applied Organometallic Chemistry, 25(4), 276-282.
- P. Hauwert, R. Boerleider, S. Warsink, J.J. Weigand & C.J. Elsevier (2010). Mechanism of Pd(NHC)-catalyzed transfer hydrogenation of alkynes. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 132(47), 16900-16910.[go to publisher's site]
- S. Warsink, C.M.S. van Aubel, J.J. Weigand, S.T. Liu & C.J. Elsevier (2010). Bulky picolyl substituted NHC ligands and their Pd-0 complexes. European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, 5556-5562.
- S. Warsink, I.H. Chang, J.J. Weigand, P. Hauwert, J.T. Chen & C.J. Elsevier (2010). NHC ligands with a secondary pyrimidyl donor for electron-rich palladium(0) complexes. Organometallics, 29(20), 4555-4561.
- S. Warsink, R.M. Drost, M. Lutz, A.L. Spek & C.J. Elsevier (2010). Modular synthesis of bidentate triazolyl-functionalized N-heterocyclic carbenes and their palladium complexes. Organometallics, 29(14), 3109-3116.
- C.F. Fu, C.C. Lee, Y.H. Liu, S.M. Peng, S. Warsink, C.J. Elsevier, J.T. Chen & S.T. Liu (2010). Biscarbene palladium(II) complexes. Reactivity of saturated versus unsaturated N-heterocyclic carbenes. Inorganic Chemistry, 49(6), 3011-3018.
- C.F. Fu, Y.H. Chang, Y.H. Liu, S.M. Peng, C.J. Elsevier, J.T. Chen & S.T. Liu (2009). Coordination chemistry and catalytic activity of N-heterocyclic carbene iridium(I) complexes. Dalton Transactions, 6991-6998.
- S. Warsink, S.Y. de Boer, L.M. Jongens, C.F. Fu, S.T. Liu, J.T. Chen, M. Lutz, A.L. Spek & C.J. Elsevier (2009). Synthesis and characterization of Pd(II)-methyl complexes with N-heterocyclic carbene-amine ligands. Dalton Transactions, 7080-7086.
- J. Flapper, H. Kooijman, M. Lutz, A.L. Spek, P.W.N.M. van Leeuwen, C.J. Elsevier & P.C.J. Kamer (2009). Nickel and palladium complexes of new pyridine-phosphine ligands and their use in ethene oligomerization. Organometallics, 28(11), 3272-3281.
- J. Flapper, P.W.N.M. van Leeuwen, C.J. Elsevier & P.C.J. Kamer (2009). Nickel and palladium complexes of pyridine-phosphine ligands bearing aromatic substituents and their behavior as catalysts in ethene oligomerization. Organometallics, 28(11), 3264-3271.
- J. Flapper, H. Kooijman, M. Lutz, A.L. Spek, P.W.N.M. van Leeuwen, C.J. Elsevier & P.C.J. Kamer (2009). Nickel and palladium complexes of pyridine-phosphine ligands as ethene oligomerization catalysts. Organometallics, 28(4), 1180-1192.
- M.R. Eberhard, B. van Vliet, L. Durán Páchon, G. Rothenberg, G. Eastham, H. Kooijman, A.L. Spek & C.J. Elsevier (2009). A simple building-block route to (phosphanyl-carbene)palladium complexes via intermolecular addition of functionalised phosphanes to isocyanides. European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, 1313-1316.
- S. Warsink, P. Hauwert, M.A. Siegler, A.L. Spek & C.J. Elsevier (2009). Palladium(0) pre-catalysts with heteroditopic NHC-amine ligands by transmetallation from their silver(I) complexes. Applied Organometallic Chemistry, 23(6), 225-228.
- P. Hauwert, G. Maestri, J.W. Sprengers, M. Catellani & C.J. Elsevier (2008). Transfer semihydrogenation of alkynes catalyzed by a zero-valent palladium N-heterocyclic carbene complex. Angewandte Chemie, International Edition, 47(17), 3223-3226.
- A. Holuigue, J.M. Ernsting, F. Visentin, C. Levi, L. Canovese & C.J. Elsevier (2008). Mechanistic and kinetic investigation on the formation of palladacyclopentadiene complexes. A novel interpretation involving a bimolecular self-reaction of a monoalkyne intermediate. Organometallics, 27(16), 4050-4055.
- J. Flapper, P. Wormald, M. Lutz, A.L. Spek, P.W.N.M. van Leeuwen, C.J. Elsevier & P.C.J. Kamer (2008). cis, trans - or both: Steric bulk determines coordination mode of dimeric palladium complexes with bridging pyridine-phosphane ligands. European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, 4968-4976.
- D. Domínguez-Gutiérrez, E. Eiser & C.J. Elsevier (2008). Amphiphilic iron(II) and nickel(II) complexes based on alkylated diazaoxa- and triazacyclononane. European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, 1088-1094.
- D. Domínguez-Gutiérrez, G. de Paoli, A. Guerrero-Martinez, G. Ginocchietti, D. Ebeling, E. Eiser, L. De Cola & C.J. Elsevier (2008). Inverted aggregates of luminescent ruthenium metallosurfactants. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 18(24), 2762-2768.
- A. Scarel, M.R. Axet, F. Amoroso, F. Ragaini, C.J. Elsevier, A. Holuigue, C. Carfagna, L. Mosca & B. Milani (2008). Subtle balance of steric and electronic effects for the synthesis of atactic polyketones catalyzed by Pd complexes with meta-substituted aryl-BIAN ligands. Organometallics, 27(7), 1486-1494.
Wiley Interscience Ltd. London
Edt in Chief tijdschrift "Applied Organometallic Chemistry"