dhr. dr. A.R.M. (Arne) Janssen
Faculteit der Natuurwetenschappen, Wiskunde en Informatica
1090 GE Amsterdam
A spider mite that manipulates plant defence
When herbivores such as spider mites attack a plant, complex plant defence mechanisms are activated.In collaboration with colleagues from the Federal Universities of Viçosa and Tocantins, Brazil, we recently discovered that certain spider mites are able to disrupt these mechanisms, effectively disarming the plant.
Phytopathogens and herbivores induce plant defences. There is evidence that
some pathogens suppress these defences by interfering with signaling pathways
involved in the defence, but such evidence is scarce for herbivores. We found
that the invasive spider mite Tetranychus evansi suppresses the
induction of signaling routes involved in induced plant defences in tomato. As a
result, the mites performed much better on previously attacked plants than on
non-attacked plants. These findings provide a new perspective on plant-herbivore
interactions, plant protection and plant resistance to invasive species.
Another mite species, the closely related T. urticae can also profit from the suppression of induction of defence by T. evansi . However, the latter protects leaf area with down-regulated plant defence by covering it with a dense web that is difficult to penetrate by T. urticae .
Parasitoid turns its host into a bodyguard
Parasites can induce dramatic changes of behaviour in their host species. This behaviour is thought to be detrimental to the host, but beneficial to the parasite. In a joint publication, researchers from the University of Amsterdam and University of Viçosa ( Brazil ) show evidence of spectacular behavioural changes induced by a parasitic wasp in the caterpillar of a moth species.
After the wasp ( Glyptapanteles sp.) has oviposited eggs in the body of a caterpillar ( Thyrinteina leucocerae ), these develop into larvae that live on the body fluids of the caterpillar. After the wasp larvae crawl out of the caterpillar to pupate, the caterpillar acts as a bodyguard to defend them from predator attacks. This results in a twofold reduction of predation of the wasp pupae in the field.
After several days, the adult wasps emerge from their pupae and the caterpillar dies.
For further information, see these links:
- K. Muñoz-Cárdenas, L.Z. Fuentes, R.F. Cantor, C.D. Rodríguez, A. Janssen & M.W. Sabelis (2014). Generalist red velvet mite predator (Balaustium sp.) performs better on a mixed diet. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 62, 19-32. 10.1007/s10493-013-9727-1
- G.J. Messelink, C.M.J. Bloemhard, M.W. Sabelis & A. Janssen (2013). Biological control of aphids in the presence of thrips and their enemies. BioControl, 58(1), 45-55. 10.1007/s10526-012-9462-2[go to publisher's site]
- A. Alves de Almeida & A. Janssen (2013). Juvenile prey induce antipredator behaviour in adult predators. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 59(3), 275-282. 10.1007/s10493-012-9601-6
- R.-X. Meng, M.W. Sabelis & A. Janssen (2012). Limited predator-induced dispersal in whiteflies. PLoS One, 7(9), e45487. 10.1371/journal.pone.0045487[go to publisher's site]
- R. van Maanen, G.J. Messelink, R. van Holstein-Saj, M.W. Sabelis & A. Janssen (2012). Prey temporarily escape from predation in the presence of a second prey species. Ecological Entomology, 37(6), 529-535. 10.1111/j.1365-2311.2012.01395.x
- M.W. Sabelis, A. Janssen & I. Lesna (2012). Perspective: Consequences of trait-mediated indirect interactions for biological control of plant pests. In T. Ohgushi, O.J. Schmitz & R.D. Holt (Eds.), Trait-Mediated Indirect Interactions: ecological and evolutionary perspectives for biological control of plant pests (pp. 435-449). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511736551.028
- Y. Choh, M. Ignacio, M.W. Sabelis & A. Janssen (2012). Predator-prey role reversals, juvenile experience and adult antipredator behaviour. Scientific Reports, 2, 728. 10.1038/srep00728[go to publisher's site]
- R. van Maanen, G. Broufas, M.F. Oveja, M.W. Sabelis & A. Janssen (2012). Intraguild predation among plant pests: western flower thrips larvae feed on whitefly crawlers. BioControl, 57(4), 533-539. 10.1007/s10526-011-9433-z[go to publisher's site]
- R.A. Sarmento, F. Lemos, P.M. Bleeker, R.C. Schuurink, A. Pallini, M.G.A. Oliveira, E.R. Lima, M. Kant, M.W. Sabelis & A. Janssen (2011). A herbivore that manipulates plant defence. Ecology Letters, 14(3), 229-236. 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2010.01575.x[go to publisher's site]
- R.A. Sarmento, F. Lemos, C.R. Dias, W.T. Kikuchi, J.C.P. Rodrigues, A. Pallini, M.W. Sabelis & A. Janssen (2011). A herbivorous mite down-regulates plant defence and produces web to exclude competitors. PLoS One, 6(8), e23757. 10.1371/journal.pone.0023757[go to publisher's site]
- G.J. Messelink, M.W. Sabelis & A. Janssen (2011). Generalist predators, food web complexities and biological pest control in greenhouse crops. In S. Soloneski & M.L. Larramendy (Eds.), Integrated Pest Management and Pest Control. InTech Open Access Publisher.
- J.A.M. Ferreira, D.F.S. Cunha, A. Pallini, M.W. Sabelis & A. Janssen (2011). Leaf domatia reduce intraguild predation among predatory mites. Ecological Entomology, 36(4), 435-441. 10.1111/j.1365-2311.2011.01286.x
- M.W. Sabelis, A. Janssen & J. Takabayashi (2011). Can plants evolve stable alliances with the enemies' enemies? Journal of Plant Interactions, 6(2-3), 71-75. 10.1080/17429145.2011.556262
- G.J. Messelink, C.M.J. Bloemhard, J.A. Cortes, M.W. Sabelis & A. Janssen (2011). Hyperpredation by generalist predatory mites disrupts biological control of aphids by the aphidophagous gall midge Aphidoletes aphidimyza. Biological Control, 57(3), 246-252. 10.1016/j.biocontrol.2011.02.013
- F. Lemos, R. Almeida Sarmento, A. Pallini, C. Rosa Dias, M.W. Sabelis & A. Janssen (2010). Spider mite web mediates anti-predator behaviour. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 52(1), 1-10.[go to publisher's site]
- Y. Choh, T. van der Hammen, M.W. Sabelis & A. Janssen (2010). Cues of intraguild predators affect the distribution of intraguild prey. Oecologia, 163(2), 335-340.[go to publisher's site]
- A. Janssen, A.H. Grosman, E.G. Cordeiro, E.F. de Brito, J.O. Fonseca, F. Colares, A. Pallini, E.R. Lima & M.W. Sabelis (2010). Context-dependent fitness effects of behavioral manipulation by a parasitoid. Behavioral Ecology, 21(1), 33-36.[go to publisher's site]
- B. Belliure, M.W. Sabelis & A. Janssen (2010). Vector and virus induce plant responses that benefit a non-vector herbivore. Basic and Applied Ecology, 11(2), 162-169.[go to publisher's site]
- T. van der Hammen, A.M. de Roos, M.W. Sabelis & A. Janssen (2010). Order of invasion affects the spatial distribution of a reciprocal intraguild predator. Oecologia, 163(1), 79-89.[go to publisher's site]
- G.J. Messelink, R. van Maanen, R. van Holstein-Saj, M.W. Sabelis & A. Janssen (2010). Pest species diversity enhances control of spider mites and whiteflies by a generalist phytoseiid predator. BioControl, 55(3), 387-398.[go to publisher's site]
- M. Nomikou, M.W. Sabelis & A. Janssen (2010). Pollen subsidies promote whitefly control through the numerical response of predatory mites. BioControl, 55(2), 253-260.[go to publisher's site]
- J.A.M. Ferreira, A. Pallini, C.L. Oliveira, M.W. Sabelis & A. Janssen (2010). Leaf domatia do not affect population dynamics of the predatory mite Iphiseiodes zuluagai. Basic and Applied Ecology, 11(2), 144-152.
- R. van Maanen, E. Villa, M.W. Sabelis & A. Janssen (2010). Biological control of broad mites (Polyphagotarsonemus latus) with the generalist predator Amblyseius swirskii. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 52(1), 29-34.[go to publisher's site]
- I. Cakmak, A. Janssen, M.W. Sabelis & H. Baspinar (2009). Biological control of an acarine pest by single and multiple natural enemies. Biological Control, 50(1), 60-65.[go to publisher's site]
- G.J. Messelink, R. van Maanen, S.E.F. van Steenpaal & A. Janssen (2008). Biological control of thrips and whiteflies by a shared predator: Two pests are better than one. Biological Control, 44(3), 372-379.[go to publisher's site]
- M. Montserrat, S. Magalhães, M.W. Sabelis, A.M. de Roos & A. Janssen (2008). Patterns of exclusion in an intraguild predator–prey system depend on initial conditions. Journal of Animal Ecology, 77(3), 624-630.
- S. Roth, A. Janssen & M.W. Sabelis (2008). Odour-mediated sexual attraction in nabids (Heteroptera: Nabidae). European Journal of Entomology, 105(1), 159-162.[go to publisher's site]
- A.H. Grosman, A. Janssen, E.F. de Brito, E.G. Cordeiro, F. Colares, J. Oliveira Fonseca, E.R. Lima, A. Pallini & M.W. Sabelis (2008). Parasitoid increases survival of its pupae by inducing hosts to fight predators. PLoS One, 3(6), e2276.[go to publisher's site]
- B. Belliure, A. Janssen & M.W. Sabelis (2008). Herbivore benefits from vectoring plant virus through reduction of period of vulnerability to predation. Oecologia, 156(4), 797-806.[go to publisher's site]
- J.A.M. Ferreira, B. Eshuis, A. Janssen & M.W. Sabelis (2008). Domatia reduce larval cannibalism in predatory mites. Ecological Entomology, 33(3), 374-379.[go to publisher's site]
- M.W. Sabelis, R. Hanna, A. Onzo, A. Pallini, I. Cakmak & A. Janssen (2009). Multiple predators, intraguild interactions and biological control of a single spider mite species. In E. Palevsky, P.G. Weintraub, U. Gerson & S. Simoni (Eds.), IOBC/WPRS working group „Integrated Control of Plant-Feeding Mites”: Proceedings of a meeting at Florence (Italy), 9–12 March, 2009 Vol. 50. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin (pp. 83-94). Montfavet: IOBC/WPRS.
- M.W. Sabelis, A. Janssen, I. Lesna, N.S. Aratchige, M. Nomikou & P.C.J. van Rijn (2008). Developments in the use of predatory mites for biological pest control. In A. Enkegaard (Ed.), Working group "Integrated Control in Protected Crops, Temperate Climate": Proceedings of the meeting at Sint-Michielsgestel (the Netherlands), 21-25 April, 2008 Vol. 32. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin (pp. 187-199). Montfavet: IOBC/WPRS.
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