dhr. drs. P. (Pim) Klaassen


  • Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen
    Capaciteitsgroep Philosophical Tradition in Context
  • Oude Turfmarkt  141
    1012 GC  Amsterdam
  • P.Klaassen@uva.nl
    T:  0205254845
    T:  0205254511

Currently 

Since 2007 I have a combined research and teaching affiliation at the Philosophy of Science group at the department of Philosophy of the University of Amsterdam. During the academic year 2013-2014 I am coordinator of the MA "Wijsbegeerte van een bepaald wetenschapsgebied".  

Biography

After having obtained both my BA and Research MA in philosophy at the University of Amsterdam, I started teaching several courses in philosophy at the UvA. In 2006 I moved to Cambridge (UK), to pursue an MPhil in "History, Philosophy and Sociology of Science, Technology and Medicine".

My MA dissertation is a Wittgensteinian investigation into folk psychology, with a somewhat exciting detour into a neuroscientific branch of embodied-cognition called neurophenomenology.

My MPhil dissertation is a sociological/ philosophical assessment of the process of standardisation in British psychiatry---more specifically: of the process of achieving a standard for the diagnosis and treatment of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

After my return to the Netherlands I have worked for one year as a researcher for the Rathenau Institute, an institute which is to inform the Dutch and European parliaments about the societal meaning and consequences of scientific and technological developments. During this year I also taught at the University of Amsterdam, and after this year I started working at the UvA full-time.

Research interests

Philosophy and sociology of science (particularly the life sciences, including medicine, psychiatry and neuroscience); neuroeconomics; the interface between science, technology, society and politics; "human enhancement"; Foucault; Hacking; Wittgenstein, Fleck...

PhD research

With the establishment of the new science of decision-making called neuroeconomics we are presently witnessing exciting developments on the vanguard of neuroscience and economics. Skeptical, analytical and constructivist questions will be asked in this investigation of how neuroeconomics (a) constitutes its own object(s) of research, (b) reconfigures a new subject of choice and (c) reframes traditional questions central to various scientific disciplines concerned with decision-making (from philosophy to psychology, from neuroscience to economics).

2013-2014

Philosophy of Science: Modern Classics

Course in the MA of philosophy; second semester.

Lectures Philosophy of science for the humanities

Compulsory course in the BA of all disciplines in the faculty of humanities; first and second semester.

Colloquium MA Philosophy of a specific science

Ccompulsory course in the MA Philosophy of a specific science, track social and political sciences; first and second semester.

Philosophy of the Social Sciences

Compulsory MA course in the MA Philosophy of a specific science, direction social and political sciences; first semester. 

2012-2013

Philosophy of the Social Sciences

Compulsory MA course in the MA Philosophy of a specific science, direction social and political sciences; first semester; together with Guus Dix.

Lectures Philosophy of science for the humanities

Compulsory course in the BA of all disciplines in the faculty of humanities; first and second semester, together with Guus Dix.

2011-2012

Philosophy and the life sciences

Course in the MA of philosophy; second semester.

Lectures Philosophy of science for the humanities

Compulsory course in the BA of all disciplines in the faculty of humanities; first and second semester, together with Guus Dix.

2010-2011

Lectures Philosophy of science for the humanities

Compulsory course in the BA of all disciplines in the faculty of humanities; first and second semester)

Philosophy and the life sciences

Course in the MA of philosophy; second semester.

As do other sciences, the life sciences (biology, biochemistry, medicine,...) prompt their own questions.Traditionally, in this area philosophers have focused on the question "what is life?". This course takes a different approach: we attempt to gain insight in the ways in which answers to this question tend to fluctuate. We do this through an investigation of recent developments in and around the life sciences, ranging from stem cell research and therapy, patenting of gene sequences to a variety of so-called "human enhancement" technologies. A number of philosophical themes bordering on science, politics and society will be discussed. (1) The position of the life sciences in a network of political, economic and otherwise societal actors and institutions. (2) The role of the life sciences and of bio-technologies in the constitution of the epistemology that allegedly serves as its foundation. (3) The borders between normal/abnormal, natural/artificial and therapy/enhancement, in light of recent (medical) technologies.

In order to assess these and similar issues we will read chapters and articles from authors such as Georges Canguilhem, Michel Foucault, Ian Hacking, Sheila Jasanoff, Kaushik Sunder Rajan, Nikolas Rose, Peter Sloterdijk, Jurgen Habermas and Eugene Thacker.

Philosophical texts: Ludwik Fleck, Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact

Course in the BA of Philosophy; second semester.

Gewapend met debegrippen denkstijl en denkcollectief verlegt Fleck de aandacht van de epistemoloog en wetenschapsfilosoof tegelijkertijd naar locale, historische kenmerken van specifieke kennisverwervingspraktijken als naar het sociale karakter van die praktijken. Niet toevallig wordt Fleck dan ook vaak gezien als een vroege voorloper van Thomas Kuhn en de praktische en historische wending in de wetenschapsfilosofie die zo vaak aan laatste wordt toegeschreven. En inderdaad, Flecks Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact kwam pas goed en wel onder de aandacht nadat Kuhn het in de inleiding tot The Structure of Scientific Revolutions roemde als een van zijn voornaamste inspiratiebronnen-zo'n drie decennia na verschijning. Inmiddels kunnen we niet alleen concluderen dat Flecks boek meer geroemd is dan gelezen maar moeten we ons ook afvragen of Kuhns (epistemologische) lezing ervan wel recht doet aan de (ontologische) kwesties die Fleck aansnijdt.

In deze tekstmodule staat Flecks Genesis and Developement of a Scientific Fact centraal, maar lezen we ook Flecks papers over de wetenschapsfilosofie, enkele interpretaties van en commentaren op Flecks wetenschapstheoretische werk door derden en enkele pogingen om hierop door te denken en door te werken. Zoals zal blijken is Fleck veel meer dan simpelweg een intrigerende voorloper van Kuhn en is er in vergelijking met Kuhn filosofisch heel wat meer te halen uit het werk van eerstgenoemde.

2009-2010

Specialization Philosophy of science (Van normatieve naar sociohistorische filosofie van wetenschap)

Course in the BA of Philosophy; first semester.

The philosophy of science the last decades have witnessed can for a large part be characterized as post-empiricist and pragmatic. Both internal problems and negative results (such as the rejection of the analytic-synthetic distinction by Quine) have heralded the end of classical logical-empiricism. Based upon Wittgenstein's later work, amongst other things, scientific practices start to gain attention. A new discipline is formed, which comprises philosophy, history and sociology of science: Science and Technology Studies (STS). In this course the most important "schools" of STS are introduced, as well as several of STS's central research themes. Before going there, however, some of the issues in pre-STS philosophy of science will be reiterated. The course ends with an explicit confrontation of (traditional) philosophy with STS.

Philosophy and the life sciences

Course in the MA of philosophy; second semester.

Philosophical texts: Ludwik Fleck, Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact

Course in the BA of Philosophy; second semester.)

Previous years

From 2004 to 2006 I have taught undergraduate courses in philosophy of science, logic and the philosophy of language and epistemology at the philosophy department of the UvA as well as an interdisciplinary BA course on the malleability of man at the Institute for Interdisciplinary Studies of the UvA. In the years 2007-2010 I taught philosophy of science, philosophy of the life sciences and, from  2008-2009 onwards, a specialization course in the philosophy of science for third year BA students.

Publications and Talks

2013

 

  • “Hans-Jörg Rheinberger”, in Celikates, R. et al. (ed.) De Nieuwe Duitse Filosofie, Ams- terdam: Boom.
  • with G. Dix “De beurs”, in H. Dijstelbloem, R. Hagendijk, H. Harbers & P. Terree- horst (ed.) Bestemming gewijzigd. Moderniteit en stedelijke transformaties, Amsterdam.

2012

  • "Philosophy and neuroscience: a two-way street (but not as you imagine it)", talk at PhD conference Donders Discussions, Nijmegen, 25-26 October 2012
  • "What keeps society together? A case-study in comparative epistemology: ethnomethodology versus neuroeconomics on trust", talk at EASST/4S conference, Kopenhagen, 17-20 October 2012
  • "Trust, Neuroeconomical Style", talk at Erasmus Graduate Conference in the Philosophy of Science, Rotterdam, 8-9 March 2012


2010

  • with Guus Dix, "Dossier: The Crisis in Economics" (ed.), in Krisis . Tijdschrift voor actuele filosofie , 2010:3
  • with Guus Dix "Economics: a science in crisis? Introduction" in Krisis. Tijdschrift voor actuele filosofie , 2010:3, pp. 2 - 5.
  • "On the very idea of relating lab and field. The case of trust", talk at "Cognition in the Laboratory and Cognition in the Wild", Aarhus, Denmark
  • "'Oxytocin increases trust in humans'---A stylistic analysis of a neuroeconomic fact", talk at EASST conference "Practicing Science and Technology, Performing the Social", Trento, Italy
  • "Wetenschapsstudies op de financiële markt. Een bespreking van Donald MacKenzies Material Markets ", in Krisis . Tijdschrift voor actuele filosofie 2010:1, pp.129-135
  • "Neurobiologisch bevallen", column op de website van de tentoonstelling Niet Normaal , gehouden in de Beurs van Berlage te Amsterdam, december 2009-maart 2010. 
  • with D.W. Rietveld & J.Topal "Inviting complementary perspectives on situated normativity in everyday life", in Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 9:1, pp.53-73

2009

  • with R. van Est, M. Schuiff and M. Smits, Mens van de toekomst-mens zonder toekomst. Mensverbetering in cultureel, politiek en technologisch perspectief . Den Haag: Rathenau Instituut.
  • with T. Schneider and S. Schleim "Making up decisions: On the performativity of theory and technology", presentation at ENSN mini-neuroschool "Social Neuroscience and Neuroimaging".
  • "Making up the homo neuroeconomicus", talk given at KNAW summer school "The Neurobiological Society".
  • with H. Dijstelbloem and F. Brom"Personalisering van technologie en de opkomst vande zelfzorgmarkt" (in Dutch; English: "Personalization of technology and the rise of the market for self-care"), in: Besters, M. en L. Asveld (ed.), Medische technologie: ook geschikt voor thuisgebruik . (in Dutch; English: Medical technology: also available at home ) Den Haag: Rathenau.

2008

  • "De opkomst van de hersenen.", in  Filosofie & Praktijk 29 : 1, pp.54-57.
  • with Huub Dijstelbloem, "Technologisch burgerschap: een ongrijpbare politieke categorie", in  JaarboekKennissamenleving .
  • with R. van Est, M. Schuijff & M. Smits,"Future man, no future man", Den Haag: Rathenau Institute.
  • "Philosophy of the Life Sciences", talk given at "young researchers event" (PhDs and post-docs), Sanquin Institute, Amsterdam.

2006

  • with Julien Topal en Erik Rietveld, "Gesitueerde normativiteit -- van Wittgenstein naar neurofenomenologie", in Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 98:1, pp.1-17 (in Dutch; "Situated normativity -- from Wittgenstein to neurophenomenology").
  • "Experience and social norms in folk psychology -- Wittgenstein meets neuroscience", in G. Gasser, C. Kanzian, & E. Runggaldier (eds.), Cultures: Conflict-Analysis-Dialogue , ALWS, pp. 306-308.

2006

  • P. Klaassen, D.W. Rietveld & J. Topal (2006). Gesitueerde normativiteit: Van Wittgenstein naar neurofenomenologie. Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte, 1-17.

2008

  • H.O. Dijstelbloem & P. Klaassen (2008). Technologisch burgerschap: een ongrijpbare politieke categorie. In G. Alberts, M. Blankesteijn, B. Broekhans & Y. van Tilborgh (Eds.), Burger in uitvoering (Jaarboek KennisSamenleving, 4). Amsterdam: Aksant.

2014

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