mw. dr. M.E. (Mariska) Kret MSc
Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen
Programmagroep: Work and Organizational Psychology
1018 XA Amsterdam
Brief summary of research over the last five years
My PhD focused on the perception of emotional body language and innovated the field of affective neuroscience that was characterized by an almost exclusive focus on facial expressions. I showed that the brain processes body movements similarly as facial expressions but initiate clearer action patterns. I argued that body language is evolutionary seen much older than facial expressions and inspired by Darwins work on emotions and by contemporary primatologists, I experimentally tested this statement in a group of chimpanzees at the Kyoto University Primate Research Institute. With use of the emotional dot probe paradigm presented on a touch-screen, I showed that chimpanzees process chimpanzee body language similarly as humans do and I am currently extending that line of research with the bonobos in 'de Apenheul'. Thanks to the interactions with these beautiful apes, I developed an interest in the use of eye-signals. Humans are the only species on earth with much visible eye-white that evolved for communicative purposes. Despite this difference with the chimpanzee, I have shown that humans, as well as chimpanzees synchronize their pupil-size with their own species.
My Postdoctoral appointment at the University of Amsterdam enables me to connect these earlier insights to social psychological work on social decision making and intergroup differences. It resulted in (co) authored publications on the substantial role of oxytocin in social approach and withdrawal tendencies. My VENI project (starting in January 2015) builds on these three lines of work – emotion recognition and mimicry, pupil-synchronization, and oxytocin-motivated social decision making.
Areas of Expertise
Comparative studies, evolutionary psychology, emotion perception, mimicry and synchronization, social anxiety and depression, fMRI, psychophysiology, oxytocin, multi-level modeling
- F.S. ten Velden, M. Baas, S. Shalvi, M.E. Kret & C.K.W. de Dreu (2014). Oxytocin differentially modulates compromise and competitive approach but not withdrawal to antagonists from own vs. rivaling other groups. Brain Research, 1580, 172-179. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2013.09.013
- M.E. Kret (2014). Wanneer een lach een vuist wordt: perceptie van gezichts- en lichaamsexpressie bij gewelddadige delinquenten. De Psycholoog, 49 (3), 46-54.
- M.E. Kret, M. Tomonaga & T. Matasuzawa (2014). Chimpanzees and humans mimic pupil-size of conspecifics. PLoS One, 9 (8), e104886. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0104886[go to publisher's site]
- M.E. Kret, K. Roelofs, J.J. Stekelenburg & B. de Gelder (2013). Emotional signals from faces, bodies and scenes influence observers' face expressions, fixations and pupil-size. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 810. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00810
- M.E. Kret & B. de Gelder (2013). When a smile becomes a fist: the perception of facial and bodily expressions of emotion in violent offenders. Experimental Brain Research, 228 (4), 399-410. doi: 10.1007/s00221-013-3557-6[go to publisher's site]
- M.E. Kret, J.J. Stekelenburg, K. Roelofs & B. de Gelder (2013). Perception of face and body expressions using electromyography, pupillometry and gaze measures. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 28. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00028
- M.E. Kret & C.K.W. de Dreu (2013). Oxytocin-motivated ally selection is moderated by fetal testosterone exposure and empathic concern. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 7, 1. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2013.00001
- M.E. Kret & B. de Gelder (2012). A review on sex differences in processing emotional signals. Neuropsychologia, 50 (7), 1211-1221. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2011.12.022[go to publisher's site]
- M.E. Kret (2012). De invloed van een niqab op het herkennen van gezichtsexpressies. De Psycholoog, 47 (10), 10-19.
- M.E. Kret & B. de Gelder (2012). Islamic headdress influences how emotion is recognized from the eyes. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 110. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00110
- M.E. Kret, S. Sinke & B. de Gelder (2011). Emotion perception and health. In Emotion regulation and well-being (pp. 261-280). New York: Springer.
- M.E. Kret, S. Pichon, J. Grèzes & B. de Gelder (2011). Similarities and differences in perceiving threat from dynamic faces and bodies: an fMRI study. NeuroImage, 54 (2), 1755-1762. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.08.012[go to publisher's site]
- M.E. Kret, J. Denollet, J. Grèzes & B. de Gelder (2011). The role of negative affectivity and social inhibition in perceiving social threat: an fMRI study. Neuropsychologia, 49 (5), 1187-1193. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2011.02.007[go to publisher's site]
- M.E. Kret, S. Pichon, J. Grèzes & B. de Gelder (2011). Men fear other men most: gender specific brain activations in perceiving threat from dynamic faces and bodies - an fMRI study. Frontiers in Psychology, 2, 3. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00003[go to publisher's site]
- M.E. Kret & B. de Gelder (2010). Social context influences recognition of bodily expressions. Experimental Brain Research, 203 (1), 169-180. doi: 10.1007/s00221-010-2220-8[go to publisher's site]
- B. de Gelder, J. van den Stock, H.K.M. Meeren, C.B.A. Sinke, M.E. Kret & M. Tamietto (2010). Standing up for the body. Recent progress in uncovering the networks involved in processing bodies and bodily expressions. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 34 (4), 513-527. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2009.10.008
- C. Sinke, M.E. Kret & B. de Gelder (2010). Embodied perception of emotion. In MINET: Measuring the impossible. Psychology press.
- M.E. Kret (2011, May 31). Context, gender and personality factors, influencing the perception of facial and bodily expressions of emotion. UvT, Tilburg University (Ridderkerk: Ridderprint). Supervisor(s): B. de Gelder.
- M.E. Kret (2012). Visiting researcher at the Kyoto University Primate Research Institute. Recognition.
- M.E. Kret (2012). Funding for project "Emotion perception in humans and chimpanzees". Recognition.
- M.E. Kret (2011). Post-doctoral position for six months at the Kyoto University Primate Research Institute. Recognition.
- M.E. Kret (2013). Wintercongres Nederlandse Vereniging voor Psychonomie.
- Geen nevenwerkzaamheden