In his inaugural lecture Francesco Berto discusses the relationship between logic (the theory of valid reasoning) and metaphysics (the theory based on the nature of reality). These disciplines have often been divorced from each other, even in the Dutch philosophical landscape. Wrongly so, argues Berto.
Logic and metaphysics form the basis of philosophy. They both relate to two fundamental human needs: to reason everything constantly on the one hand, and to ask questions about the meaning, structure and foundations of the world around us on the other. Much of modern-day philosophy concentrates on separating the two disciplines. Metaphysicists do not want to be restricted by logic while logicians have no desire to deal with metaphysics questions.
Berto maintains that such an attitude emanates from a misunderstanding. He argues that logic is based on metaphysics, to the extent we uphold the traditional concept of logical laws and the principles of drawing conclusions in all possible circumstances. But what are circumstances in this context? This is a crucial, metaphysical question, as it relates to the boundaries of what the world should or should not look like.
F. Berto, professor of Philosophy, with a special focus on Metaphysics and the History of Philosophy: The Metaphysical Basis of Logic.
This event is open to the public.