The Gulag is one of the key symbols of the mass state violence in the twentieth century. This camp system, like other forced labour camp systems globally, relied on three interconnected repressive practices: internment, forced displacement, and forced labour. Zhanna Popova analyzed these elements prior to the emergence of the camps and traced the conditions under which they were welded together to lay the foundation for the gargantuan labour camp system in the Gulag. The emergence of the Gulag cannot be fully understood without a study of the early attempts to modernise the penal system.
Prof. M.M. van der Linden en Prof. N.D. Adler
This event is open to the public.