Prof. Matthijs Kalmijn, professor of Sociology at the University of Amsterdam (UvA), and Prof. Teunis Geijtenbeek, professor of Molecular and Cellular Immunology (AMC-UvA), have been awarded the prestigious Advanced Grant from the European Research Council (ERC). Thanks to his appointment as professor of Sociology – with a particular focus on the study of migration and social cohesion – Prof. Hein de Haas is bringing the ERC Consolidator Grant, which was recently awarded to him, from the University of Oxford to the UvA.
Around 1965, there was a turning point in the general demographic development of Western societies: the Second Demographic Transition (SDT). The trademarks of this transition were: marrying later, having children later, a decrease in fertility, unmarried cohabitation and more one-parent families, single-person households, divorces and children born out of wedlock. One of the main consequences of this development is the increased complexity of families. Kalmijn will be researching how this influenced two fundamental aspects of intergenerational relationships: reproduction and solidarity. Kalmijn will be setting up a large- scale multi-actor survey among parents and their grown-up children, featuring a systematic overrepresentation of complex family relationships. Kalmijn hopes that the project will contribute to classic debates on ageing, social stratification and the social versus genetic basis of parent-child relationships.
HIV-1 is a major global health problem with over two million new infections a year. Despite the efficacy of antiretroviral therapy, chronically infected patients suffer from severe comorbidity due to immune dysfunction. With his project, Geijtenbeek wants to develop new strategies for enhancing innate antiviral immunity to HIV-1 in order to limit the establishment and progression of the chronic disease. His recent research data suggest that the induction of innate antiviral immune responses in dendritic cells can delay the disease progression and increase the survival rate of patients with HIV-1.
In this project, De Haas aims to develop new theoretical and empirical approaches to studying the developmental drivers of human mobility in the modern industrial-capitalist era (the 19th and 20th centuries). More specifically, the project will address the following question: How do processes of development and social transformation shape the geographical orientation, timing, composition and volume of internal and international migration? The project will particularly investigate the implications of economic growth, inequality and class, labour market structures, social security, education, infrastructure and technology, as well as conflict and violence for migration patterns. The projects is part of De Haas’ theoretical ambition to reconceptualise migration as an intrinsic part of broader social change.
It was previously announced that nine researchers from the UvA and the AMC have been awarded a Starting Grant – up to a maximum of 1.5 million euros per project – from the ERC. Three additional researchers have now been awarded ERC Starting Grants.