For best experience please turn on javascript and use a modern browser!
You are using a browser that is no longer supported by Microsoft. Please upgrade your browser. The site may not present itself correctly if you continue browsing.

S.H. (Sal) Hagen

Faculty of Humanities
Capaciteitsgroep Media & Cultuur

Visiting address
  • Turfdraagsterpad 15
Postal address
  • Postbus 94550
    1090 GN Amsterdam
Contact details
  • Work

    PhD candidate researching online politcial subcultures at OILab and ODYCCEUS.


    [1 Oct. 2019 - Fall 2023] - PhD candidate, NWO PhD in the Humanities
    [1 Aug. 2018 - current] - Researcher, ODYCCEUS Horizon 2020 project, University of Amsterdam (1 fte).
    [1 Aug. 2017 - current] - Researcher and co-founder, Open Intelligence Lab (


    [Oct. - Dec. 2018] - Co-teacher, “New Media Theories Research Seminar: The Deep Vernacular Web” (MA course, with Daniël de Zeeuw and dr. Marc Tuters).
    [Oct. - Dec. 2017] - Teaching assistant, “New Media Theories Research Seminar: The Great Meme War” (MA course, with dr. Marc Tuters). Organised a mini-conference at SPUI25, Amsterdam (speakers: Geert Lovink, Florian Cramer, Dimitri Tokmetzis, Daniël de Zeeuw)


    [10 - 11 Dec. 2018] - Speaker, “Global Perspectives on Extreme Speech Online” workshop, Ludwig Maximilians Universität, Munich, Germany.
    [18 - 20 Oct. 2018] - Speaker, ODYCCEUS conference “Hate Speech and Big Data”, Università Ca’ Foscari, Venice, Italy.
    [20 - 21 Aug. 2018] - Speaker, Vox Pol conference “Violent Extremism, Terrorism, and the Internet: Present and Future Trends”, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    [1 - 7 Feb. 2018] - Speaker, “transmediale 2018: face value”, Berlin, Germany.

    Honours & prizes

    [1 Nov. 2018] - Winner 2018 KHMW Internet thesis prize (MA thesis, category social sciences and humanities).
    [1 Nov. 2018] - Winner audience prize for thesis presentation during the 2018 KHMW meeting “Internet en Rechtsstaat”.
    [1 Aug. 2016] - Graduated cum laude, BA Language and Culture Studies, Utrecht University.

    Summer/winter schools

    [1 - 7 Jan. 2019] - Organiser and facilitator, Digital Methods Winter School 2019.
    [2 - 13 July 2018] - Participant, Digital Methods Summer School 2018.
    [8 - 12 January 2018] - Facilitator, Digital Methods Winter School 2018.
    [26 June - 7 July 2017] - Facilitator, Digital Methods Summer School 2017.
    [6 - 10 March 2017] - Participant, “A Field Guide to Fake News” Digital Methods Data Sprint 2017.
    [9 - 13 January 2017] - Participant, Digital Methods Winter School 2017.

  • Publications


    • Hagen, S. H., & Stauff, M. (2021). Enhancing #TdF2017: Cross-media controversies and forensic fandom during live sports events. Convergence : The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies, 1-22.
    • Tuters, M., & Hagen, S. (Accepted/In press). Us and (((them))): Extreme memes and anti-Semitism on 4Chan. In S. Udupa, I. Gagliardone, & P. Hervik (Eds.), Digital Hate: The Global Conjuncture of Extreme Speech Indiana University Press.


    • Hagen, S., de Keulenaar, E., Peeters, S., Tuters, M., Willaert, T., & Wilson, J. (2020). Transcoding between hyper-antagonistic milieus: Studies on the cross-platform relations between radical political web subcultures. In Selected Papers in Internet Research 2020: Research from the Annual Conference of the Association of Internet Researchers (AoIR Selected Papers of Internet Research; Vol. 2020). Association of Internet Researchers. [details]
    • Tuters, M., & Hagen, S. (2020). (((They))) rule: Memetic antagonism and nebulous othering on 4chan. New Media & Society, 22(12), 2218-2237. [details]
    • de Zeeuw, D., Hagen, S. H., Peeters, S. C. J., & Jokubauskaite, E. (2020). Tracing Normiefication: A Cross-Platform Analysis of the QAnon Conspiracy Theory. First Monday, 25(11).


    • Peeters, S. C. J., & Hagen, S. H. (2021). The 4CAT Capture and Analysis Toolkit: A Modular Tool for Transparent and Traceable Social Media Research. Manuscript submitted for publication.



    • Hagen, S., & Jokubauskaite, E. (2019). Dutch junk news on Reddit and 4chan/pol/. In R. Rogers, & S. Niederer (Eds.), Politiek en sociale media manipulatie = The Politics of Social Media Manipulation (pp. 116-151). Den Haag: Ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties. [details]


    • Peeters, S. C. J., Hagen, S. H., & Jokubauskaitė, E. (2020). Conducting quali-quantitative research with 4CAT: Capturing and Analysis Toolkit. Paper presented at The 2020 International AAAI Conference On Web and Social Media, Atlanta, United States.


    • Peeters, S. C. J., Hagen, S. H., & Tuters, M. D. (2019). Extracting And Analysing The Sewer Of The Internet: On Archiving Ephemeral Imageboards. Poster session presented at AoIR flashpoint symposium Below the Radar: Private Groups, Locked Platforms and Ephemeral Content, Urbino, Italy.

    Media appearance


    • Peeters, S., Hagen, S. & Das, P. (20-2-2020). Salvaging the Internet Hate Machine: Using the discourse of extremist online subcultures to identify emergent extreme speech. Zenodo.
    This list of publications is extracted from the UvA-Current Research Information System. Questions? Ask the library or the Pure staff of your faculty / institute. Log in to Pure to edit your publications. Log in to Personal Page Publication Selection tool to manage the visibility of your publications on this list.
  • Ancillary activities
    • Zelfstandig
      Freelance werk voor webdevelopment en data-onderzoek.