Marleen Termeer is a postdoctoral researcher (NWO VENI grant) at the Amsterdam Centre for Urban History (ACUH) and lecturer at the Ancient History department. Her main research interests are Roman Republican history with a focus on (early) Roman expansion and colonization; early forms of coinage and money; and the development of cities and complex societies.
Marleen studied (Mediterranean) archaeology at the University of Amsterdam and the Università degli Studi di Bologna. She obtained her PhD in Ancient History at the University of Groningen with a thesis that shows how local developments in the Latin colonies in Italy contributed to broader processes of cultural change in Mid Republican Italy. She then moved on to do a postdoc in Leiden as part of the Landscapes of Early Roman Colonization project. During her PhD and her postdoc, she taught at the University of Amsterdam, the VU University Amsterdam and at Leiden University.
Coining Roman rule? The emergence of coinage as money in the Roman world
Coinage in the Roman world emerged in the context of Rome’s first large-scale expansion on the Italian peninsula (4th-3rd c. BC). The adoption of coinage by the Romans has long been taken for granted as a kind of “natural” development. But how did coinage as a form of money first come to be accepted, and how was it used? Was it a widely circulating, state-authorized currency from the start, or was it more like the Bitcoin – unrelated to the state and limited in use? In this project, I will investigate how the value of coins was created in different parts of the Italian peninsula through various strategies and practices of coin production and use.
This will involve the collection of data about coin production, the geographical distribution of various coin types throughout the Italian peninsula, and the archaeological contexts in which coins appear. Moreover, my interpretation of these data will be informed by economic anthropological theories that view value as a social construct. In this way, I hope to shed new light on the relation between coinage and the development of the Roman state in a period that Rome first started to conquer the Mediterranean.