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Open Programme

Picture Frames 15th-21st Century

During five on-line sessions we review the history of picture frames from the 15th to the 21st century. These sessions will be given by Hubert Baija, starting in April 2021.

Course content

This seminar presents half a millennium of picture framing by discussing the history of frame-styles in connection to architecture, painting, and the decorative arts. In five afternoon-sessions, we review the history of picture frames: from the international gothic style to the Italian and Northern Renaissance, via the Dutch Golden Age and the French Louis Frame Styles into 19th and 20th-century framing. The participants will receive tools for distinguishing styles and periods of frame manufacture. The webinar serves both first-time learners and mid-career professionals.


From 1990 until 2020, Hubert Baija has worked in the department of paintings of the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam as the senior conservator-restorer of frames and gilding. He has taught and coached numerous conservation students and mid-career professionals worldwide since 1997 while continuing to advise institutions, collectors, fellow conservators, and art historians on matters of conservation, authentication, and historically accurate re-framing. Currently, Hubert is a Ph.D. researcher at the University of Amsterdam on original Northern Netherlandish picture framing.


  • Thursday, April 1, 3:00-5:00 pm (CET)

    Late Medieval picture framing was influenced by architecture and illuminated manuscripts. Painting-and-framing formed a designed unity, sometimes emphasized by extending the pictorial space with trompe l’oeil painting on frames. Interplays of Gothic and Renaissance influences in the Burgundian Netherlands produced a gradual transition in frame shapes and profiles until the Iconoclasms.

  • Thursday, April 8, 3:00-5:00 pm (CET)

    The development of Northern Renaissance frame types in the Low Lands. Italian art and architecture continued to influence 16th- and 17th-century European frame design. Imported exotic materials pushed the evolution of veneered frame profiles into highly polished ebony, fruitwood, and whalebone frames in the 17th-century Dutch Republic, and ripple frame molding techniques in Southern Germany.

  • Thursday, April 15, 3:00-5:00 pm (CET)

    Baroque woodcarving produced flamboyant frames and cartouches during the Dutch Golden Age with variations elsewhere in 17th century Europe. Simultaneous production of Classicist, Trophy, and Auricular style frames, was followed by French Huguenot influence on frame-making during the 1690s. Depictions of interiors may and may not tell us about the original framing of paintings.

  • Thursday, April 22, 3:00-5:00 pm (CET)

    The refinement of the French decorative arts increasingly influenced European frame fashion throughout the 17th- and 18th-centuries: Italian-influenced Louis XIII, Louis XIV, Regence, Louis XV (including Rococo), and Louis XVI Neo-Classicism. Mold-made ornamentation developed in Paris during the early 1700s, eventually leading to industrialized frame-making during the nineteenth century. 

  • Thursday, April 29, 3:00-5:00 pm (CET)

    Empire frames with mold-made ornamentation were followed by a dazzling succession of 19th-century neo-styles, including Biedermeier, Neo-Rococo, Neo-Gothic, Neo-Classical, Eclectic, and Barbizon frames. Arts and Crafts and Art Nouveau movements opposed industrialization. Twentieth-century developments include Art Deco design and Minimalist framing. Several trends can be recognized in museum re-framing during the 20th and 21st centuries.

Practical information

Dates & Times: 1, 8, 15, 22, 29 April, 2021, 3:00-5:00 pm (CET). The times accommodate participants in Europe, the Middle East, and the Americas.
Locations: Online.
Course fee: 350,- € p.p. The workshop is exempt from VAT.
Target audience: Beginning and mid-career professionals in art history and/or the conservation of paintings and picture frames. Participants from related fields are welcome if space allows.
Number of participants: This course can host a minimum of 6 and a maximum of 15 participants, who will be admitted in order of registration.
Further information: Ms. Indra Kneepkens via e-mail:
Registration: Please fully complete and sign the registration form below before March 15th, 2021. Your registration is final once we have received your payment. 

Facts & Figures
Mode Online
Language of instruction English
Conditions for admission Open
Starts in April