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Hadassa Noorda has been awarded a Rubicon grant by The Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) for her research into the protection of individual liberty in times of terrorism. The grant will enable her to carry out research for a period of two years at the Institute for Law and Philosophy at Rutgers University in the US. Noorda holds a PhD degree in Philosophy of Law from the Paul Scholten Centre at the University of Amsterdam.

Hadassa Noorda

Measures against terrorism such as asset freezes and travel bans limit individual liberty without resorting to imprisonment. Such restrictive measures suggest the need for a new theory of deprivations of individual liberty. Hadassa Noorda develops a philosophical framework for the study of current incapacitation practices and derives its policy implications. Noorda’s work represents the first systematic philosophical approach to deprivations of liberty short of detention.


In its award report, the NWO praised both Noorda’s research achievements and the groundbreaking character of her proposal. In particular, the NWO was impressed by the originality of the term “exprisonment”, a novel concept that Noorda introduced in an article published in Criminal Law and Philosophy to refer to incapacitation measures short of imprisonment.

About Hadassa Noorda

Hadassa Noorda holds degrees in Law and Philosophy, and obtained her PhD degree from the Paul Scholten Centre (UvA) under the supervision of Marc de Wilde and Roland Pierik. In 2015-2016, she was the Dworkin Balzan Postdoctoral Fellow at New York University’s Center for Law and Philosophy under the supervision of Jeremy Waldron. Noorda has taught courses at the bachelor and master level both at law schools and philosophy departments at the UvA and Leiden University. The Rubicon Grant will enable her to carry out research for a period of two years under the supervision of Douglas Husak at the Institute for Law and Philosophy at Rutgers University in the US.

The Rubicon Programme

In the current round of applications, the NWO funded 17 out of 93 Rubicon proposals. Noorda is the recipient of one of the five grants awarded in the Social Sciences and the Humanities. The Rubicon grant enables researchers who have recently obtained a PhD degree to carry out research in a foreign institution for up to 24 months. On average, the NWO funds the research of 60 promising young scholars, distributing seven million euro over three rounds of applications every year.