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Dr. C.N.H. (Crystal) McMichael

Assistant Professor
Faculteit der Natuurwetenschappen, Wiskunde en Informatica
Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics
Fotograaf: Crystal Mc Michael

Bezoekadres
  • Science Park 904
  • Kamernummer: C3.221
Postadres
  • Postbus 94240
    1090 GE Amsterdam
Contactgegevens
  • Room: C3.221
  • Profile

    Crystal is an Assistant Professor at the University of Amsterdam, in the  Department of Ecosystem and Landscape Dynamics within the  Institute of Biodiversity & Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED). Her research is mainly focused on exploring how disturbances, including past human activity and fires, affect modern ecosystems. Most of her work is focused in the tropics, although she does have projects in other geographic regions and on other topics (see Research Focus tab).

    Crystal coordinates the Tropical Ecology module (BSc Biology, Year 3), and teaches in the Palaeoecology (BSc Biology, Year 3), Global Ecology and Biodiversity (MSc Biology, Ecology & Evolution track) and Envrionments Through Time (MSc Earth Sciences, Geo-ecosystem dynamics track) modules. 

    Crystal is also active in several scientific organizations. She is the Vice President of Conferences for the International Biogeography Society, and is also active in the British Ecological Society (BES). Crystal is an Associate Editor at the Journal of Ecology, which is a journal of the British Ecological Society, and is also an Associate Editor at Plants, People, Planet, a journal of the New Phytologist Trust.

    Crystal is also part of the LandUse6k working group, and the National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis Climate Proxies working group. 

     

    More details of her current research can be found on the 'Research Focus' tab

    https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1064-1499

     

    Lake Rodeococha, Ecuador 2017
  • Research Focus
    • Distributions of ancient people (archaeological sites) in tropical forests
    • Human impacts in tropical forests
    • Human-environmnet interactions 
    • Pollen distribution mapping
    • Using remote sensing to detect archaeological features under forest canopies
    • Timing and transition to maize agriculture in the Michigan/Great Lakes region

     

    My primary research focus involves spatial and temporal analyses of past people (both ancient and during the historical period) in tropical forests, particularly the Amazonian rain forest. For years it was thought that Amazonia had been a ‘pristine forest’ until Europeans arrived to the American continent in 1492 A.D. However, archaeologists have recently uncovered evidence of large and sedentary occupation sites in several regions of the Basin. My research uses soil charcoal, phytoliths, and ecological modeling, and remote sensing to predict when, where, and at what intensity the Amazon rainforest was modified or transformed prior to European contact. New and upcoming research will also include examining whether pre-Columbian or post-Columbian settlement patterns are associated with specific forest types  or species abundance distributions within Amazonia, or whether the forest types are legacies of pre-Columbian civilizations.

    I am also working on parallel projects in Central and South America involving high-resolution reconstructions of paleo-climate and vegetation change using pollen and charcoal analyses. To fully analyze past climate and vegetation patterns, an understanding of modern climate-vegetation relationships is needed. The major limitation in calibrating the modern dataset with paleo-datasets is pollen identification, which is currently possible only to the family or genus level. I am involved with a collaborative effort to improve pollen taxonomy using microscopy and chemical techniques. We will use this improved taxonomic resolution for detecting decadal-scale responses of vegetation to drought events and other natural disturbances. We will also use these methodological improvements to create transfer functions that quantitatively predict temperature and precipitation regimes for the last 2000 years across Central and South America.

    I am also involved in projects that involve modeling archaeological and paleoecological data within the United States. One project involves examining the timing and spread of maize agriculture in the Midwest/Great Lakes region of the US. This is an interdisciplinary project with a team of archaeologists and remote sensing experts from the University of New Hampshire and Florida Institute of Technology. We are predicting the timing and spatial patterns of pre-Columbian maize agriculture and earthwork formation across the region based on existing archaeological and paleoecological datasets and remotely sensed data. We will then test the predictive models with field-collected paleoecological and archaeological data. 

  • Publicaties

    2022

    • Bush, M. B., Rozas-Davila, A., Raczka, M., Nascimento, M., Valencia, B., Sales, R. K., McMichael, C. N. H., & Gosling, W. D. (2022). A palaeoecological perspective on the transformation of the tropical Andes by early human activity. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 377(1849), [20200497]. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0497 [details]
    • Gosling, W. D., McMichael, C. N. H., Groenewoud, Z., Roding, E., Miller, C. S., & Julier, A. C. M. (2022). Preliminary evidence for green, brown and black worlds in tropical western Africa during the Middle and Late Pleistocene. In J. Runge, W. D. Gosling, A-M. Lézine, & L. Scott (Eds.), Quaternary Vegetation Dynamics: The African Pollen Database (pp. 13-25). (Palaeoecology of Africa : International Yearbook of Landscape Evolution and Palaeoenvironments; Vol. 35). CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781003162766-3 [details]
    • Nascimento, M. N., Heijink, B. M., Bush, M. B., Gosling, W. D., & McMichael, C. N. H. (2022). Early to mid-Holocene human activity exerted gradual influences on Amazonian forest vegetation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 377(1849), [20200498]. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0498 [details]
    • Sales, R. K., McMichael, C. N. H., Flantua, S. G. A., Hagemans, K., Zondervan, J. R., González-Arango, C., Church, W. B., & Bush, M. B. (2022). Potential distributions of pre-Columbian people in Tropical Andean landscapes. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B - Biological Sciences, 377(1849), [20200502]. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0502 [details]
    • Witteveen, N. H., Hobus, C. E. M., Philip, A., Piperno, D. R., & McMichael, C. N. H. (2022). The variability of Amazonian palm phytoliths. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 300, [104613]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.revpalbo.2022.104613

    2021

    2020

    • Castilla-Beltrán, A., Hooghiemstra, H., Hoogland, M. L. P., Pagán-Jiménez, J., van Geel, B., Field, M. H., Prins, M., Donders, T., Herrera Malatesta, E., Ulloa Hung, J., McMichael, C. N., Gosling, W. D., & Hofman, C. L. (2020). Columbus' footprint: Land-use change before and after European incursion in Hispaniola. PAGES Magazine, 28(1), 24-25. https://doi.org/10.22498/pages.28.1.24 [details]
    • Castilla-Beltrán, A., Hooghiemstra, H., Hoogland, M. L. P., Donders, T. H., Pagán-Jiménez, J. R., McMichael, C. N. H., Rolefes, S. M. F., Olijhoek, T., Herrera-Malatesta, E., Ulloa Hung, J., & Hofman, C. L. (2020). Ecological responses to land use change in the face of European colonization of Haytí island. Quaternary Science Reviews, 241, [106407]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106407 [details]
    • De Oliveira, P. E., Raczka, M., McMichael, C. N. H., Pinaya, J. L. D., & Bush, M. B. (2020). Climate change and biogeographic connectivity across the Brazilian cerrado. Journal of Biogeography, 47(2), 396-407. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.13732 [details]
    • Gosling, W. D., Sear, D. A., Hassall, J. D., Langdon, P. G., Bönnen, M. N. T., Driessen, T. D., van Kemenade, Z. R., Noort, K., Leng, M. J., Croudace, I. W., Bourne, A. J., & McMichael, C. N. H. (2020). Human occupation and ecosystem change on Upolu (Samoa) during the Holocene. Journal of Biogeography, 47(3), 600-614. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.13783 [details]
    • Heijink, B. M., McMichael, C. N. H., Piperno, D. R., Duivenvoorden, J. F., Cárdenas, D., & Duque, Á. (2020). Holocene increases in palm abundances in north-western Amazonia. Journal of Biogeography, 47(3), 698-711. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.13721 [details]
    • Piperno, D. R., & McMichael, C. (2020). Phytoliths in modern plants from amazonia and the neotropics at large: Implications for vegetation history reconstruction. Quaternary International, 565, 54-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2020.10.043 [details]

    2019

    2018

    • Castilla-Beltrán, A., Hooghiemstra, H., Hoogland, M. L. P., Pagán-Jiménez, J., van Geel, B., Field, M. H., Prins, M., Donders, T., Herrera Malatesta, E., Ulloa Hung, J., McMichael, C. H., Gosling, W. D., & Hofman, C. L. (2018). Columbus’ footprint in Hispaniola: a paleoenvironmental record of Indigenous and Colonial impacts on the landscape of the central Cibao Valley, northern Dominican Republic. Anthropocene, 22, 66-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ancene.2018.05.003 [details]
    • Huisman, S., Raczka, M. F., & McMichael, C. N. H. (2018). Palm Phytoliths of Mid-Elevation Andean Forests. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 6, [193]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2018.00193 [details]
    • Langeveld, B. W., Mol, D., Zazula, G. D., Gravendeel, B., Eurlings, M., McMichael, C. N. H., Groenenberg, D., van Reenen, G. B. A., Palmeira, M., Vogel, J., & van Geel, B. (2018). A multidisciplinary study of a Late Pleistocene arctic ground squirrel (Urocitellus parryii) midden from Yukon, Canada. Quaternary Research, 89(1), 333-351. https://doi.org/10.1017/qua.2017.93 [details]
    • Rodríguez-Zorro, P. A., Turcq, B., Cordeiro, R. C., Moreira, L. S., Costa, R. L., McMichael, C. H., & Behling, H. (2018). Forest stability during the early and late Holocene in the igapó floodplains of the Rio Negro, northwestern Brazil. Quaternary Research, 89(1), 75-89. https://doi.org/10.1017/qua.2017.99 [details]

    2017

    • Bush, M. B., Correa-Metrio, A., van Woesik, R., Shadik, C. R., & McMichael, C. N. H. (2017). Human disturbance amplifies Amazonian El Niño-Southern Oscillation signal. Global Change Biology, 23(8), 3181-3192. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13608 [details]
    • Gosling, W. D., de Kruif, J., Norder, S. J., de Boer, E. J., Hooghiemstra, H., Rijsdijk, K. F., & McMichael, C. N. H. (2017). Mauritius on fire: Tracking historical human impacts on biodiversity loss. Biotropica, 49(6), 778-783. https://doi.org/10.1111/btp.12490 [details]
    • McMichael, C. N. H., Matthews-Bird, F., Farfan-Rios, W., & Feeley, K. J. (2017). Ancient human disturbances may be skewing our understanding of Amazonian forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114(3), 522-527. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1614577114 [details]
    • Palace, M. W., McMichael, C. N. H., Braswell, B. H., Hagen, S. C., Bush, M. B., Neves, E., Tamanaha, E., Herrick, C., & Frolking, S. (2017). Ancient Amazonian populations left lasting impacts on forest structure. Ecosphere, 8(12), [e02035]. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2035 [details]

    2016

    2015

    • Bush, M. B., McMichael, C. H., Piperno, D. R., Silman, M. R., Barlow, J., Peres, C. A., Power, M., & Palace, M. W. (2015). Anthropogenic influence on Amazonian forests in prehistory: An ecological perspective. Journal of Biogeography, 42(12), 2277-2288. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12638 [details]
    • McMichael, C. H., Piperno, D. R., & Bush, M. B. (2015). Comment on Clement et al. 2015 "The domestication of Amazonia before European conquest". Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 282(1821), [1837]. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2015.1837 [details]
    • McMichael, C. N. H., Piperno, D. R., Neves, E. G., Bush, M. B., Almeida, F. O., Mongelo, G., & Eyjolfsdottir, M. B. (2015). Phytolith assemblages along a gradient of ancient human disturbance in western Amazonia. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 3, [141]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2015.00141 [details]
    • Piperno, D. R., McMichael, C., & Bush, M. B. (2015). Amazonia and the Anthropocene: What was the spatial extent and intensity of human landscape modification in the Amazon Basin at the end of prehistory? Holocene, 25(10), 1588-1597. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683615588374 [details]
    • Thomas, E., Alcázar Caicedo, C., McMichael, C. H., Corvera, R., & Loo, J. (2015). Uncovering spatial patterns in the natural and human history of Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa) across the Amazon Basin. Journal of Biogeography, 42(8), 1367-1382. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12540 [details]

    2014

    • Bush, M. B., De Oliveira, P. E., Raczka, M. F., Gosling, W. D., Mayle, F. E., McMichael, C. H., & Urrego, D. H. (2014). Paleoclimates of Amazonia: An ice-age view. In I. de Souza Carvalho, M. J. Garcia, C. Cunha Lana, & O. Strohschoen Jr. (Eds.), Paleontologia: Cenários de Vida - Paleoclimas (Vol. 5, pp. 353-367). Editora Interciência Ltda.. [details]
    • Howey, M. C., Palace, M. W., McMichael, C. N. H., & Braswell, B. (2014). Moderate-resolution remote sensing and geospatial analyes of microclimates, mounds, and maize in the Northern Great Lakes. Advances in Archaeological Practice, 2(3), 195-207.
    • McMichael, C. H., Palace, M. W., Bush, M. B., Braswell, B., Hagen, S., Neves, E. G., Silman, M. R., Tamanaha, E. K., & Czarnecki, C. (2014). Predicting pre-Columbian anthropogenic soils in Amazonia. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 281(1777), [20132696]. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2013.2475
    • McMichael, C. N. H., Palace, M. W., & Golightly, M. (2014). Bamboo-dominated forests and pre-Columbian earthwork formations in south-western Amazonia. Journal of Biogeography, 41(9), 1733-1745. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12325
    • McMichael, C. N. H., Palace, M. W., Bush, M. B., Braswell, B., Hagen, S., Neves, E. G., Tamanha, E., & Czarnecki, C. (2014). Unmodified pre-Columbian soils in western Amazonia. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 281, 20132475.

    2013

    • Hwang, G., Riley, K., Christou, C. T., Jacyna, G. M., Woodard, J. P., Ryan, R., Bush, M. B., Valencia, B. G., McMichael, C. N. H., & Punyasena, S. (2013). Automated pollen identification system for forensic geo-historical location applications. In Technologies for Homeland Security IEEE.
    • McMichael, C. N. H., Bush, M. B., Silman, M. R., Piperno, D. R., Raczka, M. F., Lobato, L. C., Zimmerman, M., Hagen, S., & Palace, M. W. (2013). Historical fire and bamboo dynamics in western Amazonia. Journal of Biogeography, 40, 299-309. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12002
    • Raczka, M. F., de Oliveira, P., Bush, M. B., & McMichael, C. N. H. (2013). Two paleoecological histories spanning the period of human settlement in southeastern Brazil. Journal of Quaternary Science, 28, 144-151. https://doi.org/10.1002/jqs.2597
    • Urrego, D. H., Bush, M. B., Silman, M. R., Niccum, B., de la Rosa, P., McMichael, C. N. H., Hagen, S., & Palace, M. W. (2013). Holocene fires, forest stability, and human occupation in south-western Amazonia. Journal of Biogeography, 40, 521-533. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12016

    2012

    • McMichael, C. N. H., Bush, M. B., Piperno, D. R., Silman, M. R., & Zimmerman, A. (2012). Scales of pre-Columbian disturbance associated with western Amazonian lakes. Holocene, 22, 131-141. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683611414932
    • McMichael, C. N. H., Correa-Metrio, A., & Bush, M. B. (2012). Pre-Columbian fire regimes in lowland tropical forests of southeaster Peru. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 342-343, 73-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2012.05.004
    • McMichael, C. N. H., Piperno, D. R., Bush, M. B., Silman, M. R., Zimmermann, A., Raczka, M. F., & Lobato, L. C. (2012). Sparse pre-Columbian human habitation in western Amazonia. Science, 336, 1429-1431. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1219982

    2008

    • Bush, M. B., Silman, M. R., McMichael, C. N. H., & Saatchi, S. (2008). Fire, climate change and biodiversity in Amazonia: a Late-Holocene perspective. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B - Biological Sciences, 363(1498), 1795-1802. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2007.0014

    2018

    • Bush, M. B., Akesson, C., McMichael, C., & Nascimento, M. (2018). Microbiology Analysis. In B. L. Gums, & G. A. Waselkov (Eds.), Life at the River's Edge: Phase III Archaeological Data Recovery at Sites 1MB510 and 1MB511 for Interstate 10 (I-10) Modifications, ALDOT Project# DPI-AL06(900), City of Mobile, Mobile County, Alabama (pp. 131-134). (Archaeological Monograph; No. 14). Center for Archaeological Studies. [details]
    • Lombardo, U., McMichael, C., & Tamanaha, E. K. (2018). Mapping pre-Columbian land use in Amazonia. PAGES Magazine, 26(1), 14-15. https://doi.org/10.22498/pages.26.1.14 [details]

    2017

    • McMichael, C. H., Feeley, K., Dick, C. W., Piperno, D. R., & Bush, M. B. (2017). Comment on “Persistent effects of pre-Columbian plant domestication on Amazonian forest composition”. Science, 358(6361), [eaan8347]. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aan8347 [details]
    • Piperno, D. R., McMichael, C., & Bush, M. B. (2017). Further evidence for localized, short-term anthropogenic forest alterations across pre-Columbian Amazonia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114(21), E4118-E4119. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1705585114 [details]

    2014

    • Bush, M. B., McMichael, C. N. H., Raczka, M. F., de Toledo, M. B., Power, M. J., Mayle, F. E., & de Oliveira, P. (2014). The Holocene of the Amazon. In Paleoclimas - Série Paleontologia: Cenários de Vida Interciência.

    2015

    2016

    • Raczka, M. F., Bush, M. B., Folcik, A. M., & McMichael, C. N. H. (2016). Coprophilous fungi Sporormiella as a proxy for modern herbivores presence in the Neotropics.
    • Sales, R., McMichael, C. N. H., & Bush, M. B. (2016). Climate and human influences in Michigan paleoecosystems. Poster session presented at Ecological Society of America, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, United States.
    • Schiferl, J., Bush, M. B., & McMichael, C. N. H. (2016). A paleoecological analysis of Lake Palotoa, Peru. Poster session presented at Ecological Society of America, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, United States.

    Tijdschriftredactie

    • McMichael, C. (editor) (2018-2023). Plants, People, Planet (Journal).
    • McMichael, C. (editor) (2017-2023). Journal of Ecology (Journal).

    Spreker

    • McMichael, C. (speaker) (10-11-2017). Are past human activities related to observed biodiversity and carbon dynamics in Amazonian forests?, Oxford Centre for Tropical Forests. https://talks.ox.ac.uk/talks/id/f1cdfe41-7362-4413-b3fc-d854f6b6dd91/
    • McMichael, C. (speaker) (13-8-2016). The effects of ancient human disturbance on Amazonian vegetation, Ecological Society of America.
    • McMichael, C. (speaker) (23-6-2016). Holocene Variability of an Amazonian Hyperdominant, Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation.
    • McMichael, C. (speaker) (25-2-2016). Phytolith signatures along a gradient of ancient human disturbance in western Amazonia, European Conference of Tropical Ecology.
    • McMichael, C. (speaker) (29-9-2015). The effects of ancient human disturbance on Amazonian vegetation, Wageningen UR.

    Andere

    • McMichael, C. (participant) (22-10-2021 - 24-12-2021). International Biogeography Society, Amsterdam. Local host and organizer (organising a conference, workshop, ...). https://www.biogeography.org/meetings/amsterdam-2021/
    • McMichael, C. (participant) (8-1-2019 - 12-1-2019). International Biogeography Society 2019, Malaga (participating in a conference, workshop, ...).
    • McMichael, C. (participant) (16-12-2018 - 19-12-2018). Britisch Ecological Society Annual Meeting 2018 (participating in a conference, workshop, ...).
    • McMichael, C. (participant) (20-3-2018 - 24-3-2018). International Biogeography Society 2018, Evora (participating in a conference, workshop, ...).
    • McMichael, C. (participant) (13-2-2018 - 14-2-2018). Netherlands Annual Ecology Meeting, Lunteren (participating in a conference, workshop, ...).
    • McMichael, C. (other) (2018 - 2023). Vice President of Conferences (other).
    • McMichael, C. (participant) (11-12-2017 - 14-12-2017). Britisch Ecological Society Annual Meeting 2017, Gent (participating in a conference, workshop, ...).
    • McMichael, C. (participant) (1-10-2017). LandUse 6k, Trinidad (participating in a conference, workshop, ...).
    • McMichael, C. (participant) (14-2-2017 - 15-2-2017). Netherlands Annual Ecology Meeting, Lunteren (participating in a conference, workshop, ...).
    • McMichael, C. (participant) (9-1-2017 - 13-1-2017). International Biogeography Society (participating in a conference, workshop, ...).

    2022

    • Church, W. B., McMichael, C. N. H., Zondervan, J. R., Hagemans, K., Bush, M. B., Flantua, S. G. A., Sales, R. K. & Gonz lez-Arango, C. (1-1-2022). Archaeological sites used in the final ensemble model from Potential distributions of pre-Columbian people in Tropical Andean landscapes. figshare Academic Research System. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.19235632.v1
    • McMichael, C. N. H., Church, W. B., Sales, R. K., Zondervan, J. R., Hagemans, K., Flantua, S. G. A., Gonz lez-Arango, C. & Bush, M. B. (1-1-2022). Supplementary material from "Potential distributions of pre-Columbian people in Tropical Andean landscapes". figshare Academic Research System. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.5862265.v1
    • Nascimento, M., McMichael, C. N. H., Gosling, W. D., Valencia, B., Sales, R. K., Rozas-Davila, A., Raczka, M. & Bush, M. B. (1-1-2022). Supplementary material from "A palaeoecological perspective on the transformation of the tropical Andes by early human activity". figshare Academic Research System. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.5854101.v1
    • Hagemans, K., Gonz lez-Arango, C., Flantua, S. G. A., Bush, M. B., McMichael, C. N. H., Church, W. B., Zondervan, J. R. & Sales, R. K. (1-1-2022). Additional Supplementary Material from Potential distributions of pre-Columbian people in Tropical Andean landscapes. figshare Academic Research System. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.19235635.v1
    • Heijink, B. M., Nascimento, M. N., Bush, M. B., Gosling, W. D. & McMichael, C. N. H. (1-1-2022). Palaeoecological sites used in the analysis from Early to Mid-Holocene human activity exerted gradual influences on Amazonian forest vegetation. figshare Academic Research System. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.19213182.v1
    • Bush, M. B., McMichael, C. N. H., Heijink, B. M., Nascimento, M. N. & Gosling, W. D. (1-1-2022). Supplementary material from "Early to Mid-Holocene human activity exerted gradual influences on Amazonian forest vegetation". figshare Academic Research System. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.5854116.v1
    • Bush, M. B., Heijink, B. M., Gosling, W. D., Nascimento, M. N. & McMichael, C. N. H. (1-1-2022). Supplementary figures from Early to Mid-Holocene human activity exerted gradual influences on Amazonian forest vegetation. figshare Academic Research System. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.19213179.v1
    • Gosling, W. D., McMichael, C. N. H., Bush, M. B., Heijink, B. M. & Nascimento, M. N. (1-1-2022). Archaeological and soil sites from Early to Mid-Holocene human activity exerted gradual influences on Amazonian forest vegetation. figshare Academic Research System. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.19213176.v1
    • Gosling, W. D., McMichael, C. N. H., Bush, M. B., Heijink, B. M. & Nascimento, M. N. (1-1-2022). Useful species list from Early to Mid-Holocene human activity exerted gradual influences on Amazonian forest vegetation. figshare Academic Research System. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.19213173.v1
    • Rozas-Davila, A., Sales, R. K., Bush, M. B., Nascimento, M. N. , Gosling, W. D., McMichael, C. N. H., Raczka, M. & Valencia, B. (1-1-2022). Additional data for records that contributed to the compilation of fig. 3 from A palaeoecological perspective on the transformation of the tropical Andes by early human activity. figshare Academic Research System. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.19213149.v1

    2021

    • McMichael, C., Heijink, B., Bush, M. & Gosling, W. (1-1-2021). On the scaling and standardization of charcoal data in paleofire reconstructions. DRYAD. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.nzs7h44r0
    • Raczka, M. F., Maezumi, S. Y., Nascimento, M. N., McMichael, C. N. H., Bush, M. B., van der Sande, M. T., Heijink, B. M. & Gosling, W. D. (1-1-2021). Scarce fire activity in north and north-western Amazonian forests during the last 10,000 years. figshare Academic Research System. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.17171112.v1
    • Gosling, W., McMichael, C., Groenewoud, Z., Roding, E., Miller, C. S. & Julier, A. (2021). Data from: Herbivory and fire induced alternative stable states persisted for hundreds to thousands of years in Pleistocene West Africa. Universiteit van Amsterdam. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.12738131.v1
    • Gosling, W., Maezumi, S. Y., Heijink, B., Nascimento, M. N. , Raczka, M., van der Sande, M., Bush, M. B. & McMichael, C. (2021). Data from: Scarce fire activity in the north and north-western Amazonian forests during the last 10,000 years. Universiteit van Amsterdam. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.14890851

    2020

    • Langdon, P. G., B?nnen, M. N. T., Driessen, T. D., McMichael, C. N. H., Noort, K., Hassall, J. D., Gosling, W. D., Leng, M. J., Sear, D. A., Croudace, I. W., van Kemenade, Z. R. & Bourne, A. J. (1-3-2020). Data from: Human occupation and ecosystem change on Upolu (Samoa) during the Holocene. DRYAD. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.51c59zw4j

    2018

    2017

    • de Kruif, J., Gosling, W. D., de Boer, E. J., Hooghiemstra, H., Rijsdijk, K. F., McMichael, C. N. H. & Norder, S. J. (1-11-2017). Data from: Mauritius on fire: tracking historical human impacts on biodiversity loss. DRYAD. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.f1c31
    • Langeveld, B. W., Mol, D., Zazula, G. D., Gravendeel, B., Eurlings, M., Groenenberg, D., van Reenen, G., van Geel, B., McMichael, C. N. H., Palmeira, M. & Vogel, J. (2017). Supplementary aDNA sequences from a Pleistocene ground squirrel midden, Yukon. PANGAEA. https://doi.org/10.1594/pangaea.873537

    2016

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