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dhr. dr. N.S.H. (Norval) Smith

Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen
Capaciteitsgroep Taalwetenschap
Fotograaf: onbekend

Bezoekadres
  • Spuistraat 134
Postadres
  • Postbus 1642
    1000 BP Amsterdam
Contactgegevens
  • Profile

    Preferred E-mail address

    norval.smith@gmail.com

    About me

    I retired in 2011 from the Department of Linguistics after working since 1970 in the Seminarium van Algemene Taalwetenschap, as it was then called.

    I still do linguistic research. For this see my research page.

    Backgound and Languages

    I come from Scotland. At present Scotland could be described as a trilingual country, in terms of native (autochthonous) languages. These languages are as follows, ordered according to the numbers of spreakers:

                1)         Scottish (Standard) English

                2)         Scots (a.k.a. Broad Scots, Lallans)

                3)         (Scottish) Gaelic

    There are also a number of extinct languages, two Celtic and one Germanic, which also interest me – Cumbric (which could be described as a dialect of Welsh), Pictish, and Norn (a form of Norse).

  • Norval Smith's research

    1) Phonology

    I am interested in questions of segmental and syllabic structure. The theoretical model I use is Dependency Phonology, within an Optimality Theory Framework. Relevant concerns are the representation of Vowel Harmony, questions of Lenition, and the relationship between syllable and foot structure.

    2) Creole Studies

    I also do research on creole languages, mixed languages, mixed creoles and secret languages. This research falls under the ACLC research group Talking about Learners, and has two major themes:

    a) Atlantic English Creoles: This theme concerns principally the formation of the Atlantic creoles. I claim that this happened very rapidl. All the Atlantic creoles are related, and shared a common starting point. This starting point was probably on Barbados, and reflects the history of English (later British) colonization.

    b) Bargoens, Jenisch and Rotwelsch: This theme concerns a type of secret language, formerly common among various groups of so-called Travellers and members of other subcultures in the Low Countries and the German-speaking areas of Europe. In such languages common words are replaced, resulting in non-comprehension by outsiders.

    3) Revitalizing older linguistic documentation (ROLD)

    I participate in the ROLD research group. This involves two research major sub-projects:

    a) YokDoc: The reconstitution in particular of data collected in the 18th and 19th centuries by amateur linguists, anthropologists and missionaries on the Yokuts languages spoken in the Southern Central Valley of California.

    b) ScotPlace: Another aspect of my ROLD research concerns the evidence to be found in reconstituted forms of Scottish place-names. This is an interdisciplinary project concerning the early forms of place-names, which have been shown to have relevance for the Early Medieval period of Scottish history. This has provided much evidence for the history of a period that used to be referred to as the Dark Ages.

  • Publicaties

    2017

    • Smith, N. (2017). Krio as the Western Maroon Creole language of Jamaica, and the /na/ isogloss. In C. Cutler, Z. Vrzić, & P. Angermeyer (Eds.), Language Contact in Africa and the African Diaspora in the Americas: In honor of John V. Singler (pp. 251-274). (Creole Language Library; Vol. 53). Philadelphia: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/cll.53.11smi [details]
    • Smith, N. (2017). Muthill Saints: A parish of confusion. The Journal of Scottish Name Studies, 11, 55-92. [details]

    2015

    • Aboh, E., & Smith, N. (2015). Migrations, ethnodynamics and geolinguistics in the Eastern Aja-Tado cultural area. In P. Muysken, & N. Smith (Eds.), Surviving the Middle Passage: the West Africa-Surinam Sprachbund (pp. 43-66). (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; No. 275). Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110343977.43 [details]
    • Aboh, E., & Smith, N. (2015). Non-iconic reduplications in Eastern Gbe and Surinam. In P. Muysken, & N. Smith (Eds.), Surviving the Middle Passage: the West Africa-Surinam Sprachbund (pp. 241-260). (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; No. 275). Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110343977.241 [details]
    • Smith, N. (2015). A preliminary list of probable Gbe lexical items in the Surinam Creoles. In P. C. Muysken, & N. Smith (Eds.), Surviving the Middle Passage: The West Africa-Surinam Sprachbund (pp. 463-476). (Trends in Linguistics: Studies and Monographs; No. 275). Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110343977.463 [details]
    • Smith, N. (2015). A preliminary list of probable Kikongo (KiKoongo) lexical items in the Surinam Creoles. In P. C. Muysken, & N. Smith (Eds.), Surviving the Middle Passage: The West Africa-Surinam Sprachbund (pp. 417-462). (Trends in Linguistics: Studies and Monographs; No. 275). Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110343977.417 [details]
    • Smith, N. (2015). Bibliography of work resulting from the Trans-Atlantic Sprachbund project. In P. C. Muysken, & N. Smith (Eds.), Surviving the Middle Passage: The West Africa-Surinam Sprachbund (pp. 409-416). (Trends in Linguistics: Studies and Monographs; No. 275). Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110343977.409 [details]
    • Smith, N. (2015). Ingredient X: The shared African lexical element in the English-lexifier Atlantic Creoles, and the theory of rapid creolization. In P. C. Muysken, & N. Smith (Eds.), Surviving the Middle Passage: The West Africa-Surinam Sprachbund (pp. 67-106). (Trends in Linguistics: Studies and Monographs; No. 275). Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110343977.67 [details]
    • Smith, N. (2015). Substrate phonology, superstrate phonology and adstrate phonology in creole languages. In P. C. Muysken, & N. Smith (Eds.), Surviving the Middle Passage: The West Africa-Surinam Sprachbund (pp. 261-322). (Trends in Linguistics: Studies and Monographs; No. 275). Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110343977.261 [details]
    • Smith, N. (2015). The early history of Surinam: Why is Surinam different? In P. C. Muysken, & N. Smith (Eds.), Surviving the Middle Passage: The West Africa-Surinam Sprachbund (pp. 17-42). (Trends in Linguistics: Studies and Monographs; No. 275). Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110343977.17 [details]
    • van den Berg, M., Muysken, P., & Smith, N. (2015). Introduction: Creole studies and contact linguistics. In P. C. Muysken, & N. Smith (Eds.), Surviving the Middle Passage: The West Aftrica-Surinam Sprachbund (pp. 1-14). (Trends in Linguistics: Studies and Monographs; No. 275). Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110343977.1 [details]

    2014

    • Smith, N. S. H. (2014). Chawchila Yokuts metathesis: Evidence, argumentation and generalizations? In R. Kager, J. Grijzenhout, & K. Sebregts (Eds.), Where the principles fail: a festschrift for Wim Zonneveld on the occasion of his 64th birthday (pp. 193-204). Utrecht: Utrecht Institute of Linguistics OTS. [details]

    2013

    • Smith, N. S. H., & Johnson, J. R. (2013). Lengua de los Llanos: A Northen Valley Yokuts catechism from Misión Santa Cruz, Alta California. STUF: Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung = Language typology and universals, 66(3), 299-313. https://doi.org/10.1524/stuf.2013.0015 [details]
    • van den Berg, M. C., & Smith, N. S. H. (2013). Early Sranan. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The survey of pidgin and creole languages. - Vol. 1: English-based and Dutch-based languages (pp. 3-14). (The atlas and survey of Pidgin and Creole languages). Oxford: Oxford University Press. [details]

    2009

    • Aboh, E. O., & Smith, N. (2009). Simplicity, simplification, complexity and complexification: where have the interfaces gone? In E. O. Aboh, & N. Smith (Eds.), Complex processes in new languages (pp. 1-25). (Creole language library; No. 35). Amsterdam: Benjamins. [details]
    • Smith, N. (2009). Simplification of a complex part of grammar or not? What happened to KiKoongo nouns in Saramaccan? In E. O. Aboh, & N. Smith (Eds.), Complex processes in new languages (pp. 51-73). (Creole language library; No. 35). Amsterdam: Benjamins. [details]
    • Smith, N. S. H. (2009). English-speaking in early Surinam? In R. Selbach, H. C. Cardoso, & M. van den Berg (Eds.), Gradual creolization: studies celebrating Jacques Arends (pp. 305-326). (Creole language library; No. 34). Amsterdam: Benjamins. [details]

    2008

    • Smith, N. (2008). The origins of the Portuguese words in Saramaccan: implications for sociohistory. In S. Michaelis (Ed.), Roots of creole structures: weighing the contribution of substrates and superstrates (pp. 153-168). (Creole language library; No. 33). Amsterdam: Benjamins. [details]
    • Smith, N. S. H. (2008). Creole phonology. In S. Kouwenberg, & J. V. Singler (Eds.), Handbook of pidgin and creole studies (pp. 98-129). (Blackwell handbooks in linguistics). Malden, MA [etc.]: Wiley-Blackwell. [details]

    2007

    • Migge, B., & Smith, N. S. H. (2007). Introduction: Substrate influence in creole formation. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages, 22(1), 15-15. [details]
    • Smith, N. S. H. (2007). A contribution to Delta Yokuts vocabulary: Some items from Tamukan. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology, 27(1), 45-51. [details]
    • Smith, N. S. H., & Botma, E. D. (2007). A dependency-based typology of nasalisation and voicing phenomena. In B. Los, & M. van Koppen (Eds.), Linguistics in the Netherlands 2007 (pp. 36-48). (AVT Publications; No. 24). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. [details]
    • Smith, N. S. H., & Haabo, V. (2007). The Saramaccan implosives: Tools for linguistic archaeology? Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages, 22(1), 101-122. https://doi.org/10.1075/jpcl.22.1.07smi [details]
    • Smith, N. S. H., & van Leyden, K. (2007). The unusual outcome of a level-stress situation: The case of Wursten Frisian. NOWELE: North-Western European Language Evolution, 52(1), 31-66. [details]

    2006

    • Botma, E. D., & Smith, N. S. H. (2006). A dependency account of the fortis-lenis contrast in Cama. In J. van de Weijer, & B. Los (Eds.), Linguistics in the Netherlands 2006 (pp. 15-27). (AVT Series; No. 23). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. [details]
    • Smith, N. S. H. (2006). Very rapid creolization in the framework of the Restricted Motivation Hypothesis. In C. Lefebvre, L. White, & C. Jourdan (Eds.), L2 acquisition and creole genesis: Dialogues (pp. 49-65). (Language Acquisition and Language Disorders; No. 42). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. [details]
    • Smith, N. S. H., & Adamson, L. G. (2006). Tonal phenomena in Sranan. STUF: Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung = Language typology and universals, 59(2), 211-218. [details]
    • Smith, N. S. H., & van de Vate, M. S. (2006). Population movements, colonial control and vowel systems. In P. Bhatt, & I. Plag (Eds.), The structure of creole words: Segmental, syllabic and morphological aspects (pp. 59-82). (Linguistische Arbeiten; No. 505). Tübingen: Niemeyer. [details]

    2016

    • Smith, N. (2016). Fowlis vowels. In A. Bannink, & W. Honselaar (Eds.), From variation to iconicity: festschrift for Olga Fischer on the occasion of her 65th birthday (pp. 347-360). Amsterdam: Uitgeverij Pegasus. [details]

    2015

    • Muysken, P., & Smith, N. (2015). Surviving the Middle Passage: The West Africa-Surinam Sprachbund. (Trends in Linguistics: Studies and Monographs; No. 275). Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110343977 [details]

    2013

    • Aboh, E. O., Smith, N. S. H., & Veenstra, T. (2013). Saramaccan. In S. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The survey of pidgin and creole languages. - Vol. 1: English-based and Dutch-based languages (pp. 27-38). Oxford University Press. [details]
    • Aboh, E. O., Veenstra, T., & Smith, N. S. H. (2013). Saramaccan structure dataset. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures Online Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. [details]

    2012

    • Aboh, E. O., & Smith, N. (2012). The morphosyntax of non-iconic reduplications: A case study in Eastern Gbe and the Surinam creoles. In E. O. Aboh, N. Smith, & A. Zribi-Herz (Eds.), The morphosyntax of reiteration in creole and non-creole languages (pp. 27-76). (Creole language library; No. 43). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/cll.43.02abo [details]
    • Aboh, E. O., Smith, N., & Zribi-Hertz, A. (2012). The morphosyntax of reiteration in creole and non-creole languages. (Creole language library; No. 43). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. [details]
    • Aboh, E. O., Smith, N., & Zribi-Hertz, A. (2012). Reduplication beyond the word level: A cross-linguistic view. In E. O. Aboh, N. Smith, & A. Zribi-Hertz (Eds.), The morphosyntax of reiteration in creole and non-creole languages (pp. 1-26). (Creole language library; No. 43). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/cll.43.01abo [details]
    • Smith, N. (2012). Nordstrand North Frisian: a puzzling problem in dialect geography. In H. van der Liet, & M. Norde (Eds.), Language for its own sake: essays on language and literature offered to Harry Perridon (pp. 395-412). (Amsterdam contributions to Scandinavian studies; No. 8). Amsterdam: Scandinavisch Instituut, Universiteit van Amsterdam. [details]
    • Smith, N. (2012). Sound Systems and Phonological Processes. In A. E. Baker, & K. Hengeveld (Eds.), Linguistics (pp. 303-319). (Introducing linguistics; No. 5). Malden, MA: Wiley. [details]
    • Smith, N. (2012). Syllables, Stress and Intonation. In A. E. Baker, & K. Hengeveld (Eds.), Linguistics (pp. 321-333). (Introducing linguistics; No. 5). Malden, MA: Wiley. [details]

    2009

    • Aboh, E. O., & Smith, N. (2009). Complex processes in new languages. (Creole language library; No. 35). Amsterdam: Benjamins. [details]

    2007

    • Migge, B., & Smith, N. S. H. (2007). Substrate Influence in Creole Formation. (Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages; No. 22.1). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. [details]

    2006

    • Smith, N. S. H. (2006). Contact phonology. In M. Pennington (Ed.), Phonology in context (pp. 76-108). (Palgrave Advances in Linguistics). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. [details]

    Spreker

    • Smith, N. (speaker) (17-2-2016). Portuguese linguistic influence in the Guianas, O espaço das línguas. A língua portuguesa no mundo do início da Idade Moderna (Séculos XV a XVII). Conferência Internacional., Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, Faculdad das Ciências Sociais e Humanas. Lisboa..
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