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dr. M.J.N. (Maartje) Stols-Witlox


  • Faculty of Humanities
    Capaciteitsgroep Conservering en Restauratie
  • Visiting address
    Conservering en restauratie erfgoed
    Johannes Vermeerplein 1  
  • Postal address:
    Johannes Vermeerplein  1
    1071 DV  Amsterdam
  • M.J.N.Stols-Witlox@uva.nl
    T: 0205256131
    T: 0205251871

Current position

Maartje Stols lectures paintings conservation and coordinates the paintings conservation master specialty at UVA . Stols’ research specialism is the investigation of historical artists’ recipes and their reconstruction with ‘historically informed’ materials. Her PhD (2014) investigates historical recipes for preparatory layers for oil paintings in NW Europe (University of Amsterdam).

Stols is core team member of the PAinT Project, PAinT standing for Paint: Alterations in Time. The multi-disciplinary team of this NWO sponsored research project inside the Science4Art Programme, consists of conservators, conservation scientists, computational scientists and chemists. They cooperate with major Dutch museums and international research partners to investigate ageing, deterioration and migration processes in oil paints related to pigment-binding medium interactions. In this project, reconstructions, scientific experiments on mature oil paint model systems are linked to instrumental analysis of paintings. The PAinT project aims to provide an improved scientific basis to guide future conservation strategies.

Stols' project 'Restoration recipes' has been selected by the Amsterdam University Fund as one of the four 'Jaarfonds' fundraising projects for 2014.

Short biography

Stols obtained a BA and MA in Art History at the University of Leiden and subsequently studied Conservation of paintings and painted objects at the post-graduate programme of the Limburg Conservation Institute in Maastricht. She specialised in the structural conservation of panel paintings during a six-month internship at the Hamilton Kerr Institute, University of Cambridge. Stols has worked as a paintings conservator in The Mauritshuis, The Hague, in several private studios in the Netherlands, and has her own private conservation practice. As researcher of historical paint recipes, Stols has acted as research associate in the HART Project, HART standing for Historically Accurate Reconstruction Techniques (project leader: Dr. L. Carlyle). The HART Project was part of the De Mayerne Programme, a multi-disciplinary five year research programme in the Netherlands, sponsored by NWO. Stols has been lecturer paintings conservation at the UvA and coordinator for the MA programme for the paintings specialty since 2007.

Recent research interests include: historical restoration recipes; the effects of conservation treatments on the chemical balance inside the paint system; the role of historical recipes in the education of artists, i.e. the dissemination of artistic knowledge through recipe books.

Publications

Stols-Witlox, Maartje,  "Flour and starch in preparatory layers for oil painting: reconstructions based on historical recipes (sixteenth - nineteenth century)". Poster presented at the conference Painting Techniques, History, Materials and Studio Practice. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, (2013, September 17-19). 

 Albrecht, Marya, Stols-Witlox, Maartje, "Small is Beautiful. Lead white in fine particle size". Poster presented at the conference Painting Techniques, History, Materials and Studio Practice. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, (2013, September 17-19).

Stols-Witlox, Maartje, "Grounds for easel painting, 1400- 1900" . In: Joyce Hill Stoner, Rebecca Rushfield, Conservation of Easel Paintings, London, New York: Routledge, 2012: 161-185.

Iedema, P.D., Loon, A. van, Keune, K., Stols-Witlox, M.J.N., Beale, A.M., Weckhuysen, B.M., Corkery, R.W. "Paint Alteration in Time – PAinT". First Gordon Research Conference, Scientific Methods in Cultural Heritage Research: Non-Destructive Imaging and Micro-Analysis in Cultural Heritage: Mount Snow Resort, VT (2012, July 29 -August 3).

Stols-Witlox, Maartje, "Historical restoration recipes: the cleaning of paintings 1600-1900." In:  Preprints, 16th Triennial Meeting Lisbon, 19-23 September ICOM-CC, 2011. 

Stols-Witlox, Maartje, Megens, Luc, Carlyle, Leslie, "Lead white processing and particle size selection according to historical recipes from the seventeenth to the nineteenth century", in: The Artist's Process. Technology and Interpretation. [Proceedings of the fourth symposium of the Art Technological Source Research working Group, Vienna, 2010], London: Archetype, 2012: 112-129.

Stols-Witlox, Maartje, " 'The whitest white.' Lead white qualities in historical recipes,1400-1900", in: Spring, M., Studying Old Master Paintings. Technology and Practice. [Postprints to the National Gallery Technical Bulletin 30th Anniversary Conference, National Gallery, London], London: Archetype, 2011: 284-294.

Stols-Witlox, Maartje, Doherty,Tiarna, Schoonhoven, Barbara, "Reconstructing seventeenth century streaky imprimatura layers on panel paintings", in: Townsend, Joyce,et al., Preparation for Painting : the Artists Choice and its Consequences [Proceedings of Paintings Group Interim Meeting ICOM Committee for Conservation 31 May-1 June 2007 in London ], London : Archetype, 2008, pp. 87-100.

Carlyle, Leslie, Boon, Jaap J., Haswell, Ralph, Stols-Witlox, Maartje, "Historically accurate ground reconstructions for oil paintings", in: Townsend, Joyce,et al., Preparation for Painting: the Artists Choice and its Consequences: [Proceedings of Paintings Group Interim Meeting ICOM Committee for Conservation 31 May-1 June 2007 in London], London: Archetype, 2008. - pp.110-122

Witlox, Maartje, "Sizing layers for oil painting in Western European sources (1500-1900): historical recipes and reconstructions", in: Kroustallis, S., Townsend, Joyce H., Art Technological Research: towards a new discipline , [Proceedings of the second symposium of the Art Technological Source Research working Group, Madrid, 5-6 oktober 2006], London: Archetype, 2008, pp. 147-165.

Carlyle, Leslie; Witlox, Maartje; "Historically accurate reconstructions of artists' oil painting materials", in: Clarke, Mark, Townsend, Joyce H., Stijnman, Ad (editors), Art of the past. Sources and reconstructions. [Proceedings of the first symposium of the Art Technological Source Research study group, Amsterdam , 14-15 oktober 2004], London : Archetype, 2005: 53-59.

Witlox, Maartje, "Slotvernis voor olieverfschilderijen. Nederlandse bronnen 1600- 1900" , in: Postprints Studiedagen BRK-APROA , [Brussel, 21-21 november 2003] Brussels, 2005, pp. 62-68.

Witlox Maartje, "Many hands make light work: the seventeenth-century Antwerp Interior with figures before a picture collection", in: ArtMatters, Netherlands Technical Studies in Art, Volume 3, 2005: 82-96.

Witlox, M., Carlyle, L., " 'A perfect ground is the very soul of the art' ( Kingston 1835): ground recipes for oil painting, 1600- 1900" , in: Preprints, 14th Triennial Meeting The Hague, 12-16 september 2005, ICOM-CC, vol. I: 519-528.

Witlox, Maartje, "Asger Jorn's Abstract Minded Figure (1962), opstaande verf door schildertechniek en consolidatie", in: Cr, interdisciplinair tijdschrift voor conservering en restauratie , jaargang 4, voorjaar 2003: 26-44.

Stols-Witlox, Maartje, "Final varnishes for oil paintings in Holland , 1600-1900. Evidence from written sources", in: Zeitschrift für Kunsttechnologie und Konservierung, 2001: 241-285

2017

  • Stols-Witlox, M. (2017). ‘From reading to painting’: Authors and Audiences of Dutch Recipes for Preparatory Layers for Oil Painting. Early Modern Low Countries (EMLC), 1(1), 71-134. DOI: 10.18352/emlc.3  [details] 

2016

  • Stols-Witlox, M. J. N., & Albrecht, M. (2016). Small is Beautiful.: Lead white in fine particle size. In A. Wallert (Ed.), Painting Techniques. : History, Materials and Studio Practice. (pp. 133-137). Amsterdam: Rijksmuseum.
  • Stols-Witlox, M. J. N. (2016). Flour and starch in preparatory layers for oil painting: reconstructions based on historical recipes (sixteenth to nineteenth centuries). In A. Wallert (Ed.), Painting Techniques: History, Materials and Studio Practice. (pp. 79-84). Amsterdam: Rijksmuseum.

2015

  • Stols-Witlox, M. (2015). 'By no means a trivial matter': The influence of the colour of grounds layers on artists’ working methods and on the appearance of oil paintings, according to historical recipes from North West Europe, c. 1550-1900. Oud - Holland, 128(4), 171-186. DOI: 10.1163/18750176-90000218  [details] 

2012

  • Stols-Witlox, M., Megens, L., & Carlyle, L. (2012). 'To prepare white excellent...': reconstructions investigating the influence of washing, grinding and decanting of stack-process lead white on pigment composition and particle size. In S. Eyb-Green, J. H. Townsend, M. Clarke, J. Nadolny, & S. Kroustallis (Eds.), The artist's process: technology and interpretation (pp. 112-129). London: Archetype. [details] 

2012

  • Stols-Witlox, M. (2012). Grounds, 1400-1900. In J. Hill Stoner, & R. Rushfield (Eds.), Conservation of easel paintings (pp. 161-185). (Routledge series in conservation and museology). London: Routledge. [details] 

2011

  • Stols-Witlox, M. (2011). Historical restoration recipes: the cleaning of paintings 1600-1900. In J. Bridgland (Ed.), ICOM-CC: 16th Triennial Conference, Lisbon, 19-23 September 2011: preprints [cd-rom] Almada: Critério. [details] 

2014

  • Hermans, J. J., Keune, K., van Loon, A., Stols-Witlox, M. J. N., Corkery, R. W., & Iedema, P. D. (2014). The synthesis of new types of lead and zinc soaps: a source of information for the study of oil paint degradation. In J. Bridgland (Ed.), Building strong culture through conservation: preprints ICOM-CC 17th Triennial Conference: 17-19 September 2014, Melbourne, Australia (pp. 1603). Paris: International Council of Museums. [details] 
  • Iedema, P. D., Hermans, J. J., Keune, K., van Loon, A., & Stols-Witlox, M. J. N. (2014). Mathematical modeling of mature oil paint networks. In J. Bridgland (Ed.), Building strong culture through conservation: preprints ICOM-CC 17th Triennial Conference: 17-19 September 2014, Melbourne, Australia (pp. 1604). Paris: International Council of Museums. [details] 

2017

  • Stols-Witlox, M. J. N. (2017). ‘A l’usage des artistes peintres’ (Blockx 1881)? Audience and readership of historical recipe books, 1550-1900: Audience and readership of historical recipe books, 1550-1900.
  • Steyn, L., Stols-Witlox, M. J. N., Hendriks, E., & van den Berg, K. J. (2017). Cleaning modern oil paints: The removal of imbibed surface dirt.: Towards an integrated conservation methodology for the assessment, contextualization and treatment of imbibed surface dirt on unvarnished modern oil paintings. Poster session presented at ICOM-CC 18th Triennial Conference Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
  • Devesa, J., Carlyle, L., & Stols-Witlox, M. J. N. (2017). From wood ash to pearl ash: Historic alkaline cleaning agents and their impact on oil paint. Poster session presented at ICOM-CC 18th Triennial Conference Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

2016

  • Stols-Witlox, M. J. N. (2016). Kleinschalig, praktijkgericht Onderwijs. UvA FGw Conservering & Restauratie. Poster session presented at Eerste FGw Onderwijsconferentie, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  • Stols-Witlox, M. J. N., Sjerps, M. J., Hendriks, E., Wallert, A., van Tilborgh, J. L., de Zoete, J. C., & Hermens, E. (2016). Scientific Reasoning in Art: Evaluating Evidence in Paintings Research using a Bayesian Approach. Poster session presented at NICAS 2016 projects presentations, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

2012

  • Iedema, P. D., van Loon, A., Keune, K., Stols-Witlox, M. J. N., Beale, A. M., Weckhuysen, B. M., & Corkery, R. W. (2012). Paint Alteration in Time - PAinT. Poster session presented at first Gordon Research Conference, “Scientific Methods in Cultural Heritage Research: Non-Destructive Imaging and Micro-Analysis in Cultural Heritage”, .

Media appearance

  • Stols-Witlox, Maartje (04-12-2015): Safer cleaning methods for oil painings. NICAS film.
  • Stols-Witlox, Maartje (27-05-2014): Jaarfonds onderzoek 2014 [Web]. Jaarfonds 2014 onderzoek.

Talk / presentation

  • Stols-Witlox, Maartje (speaker) & Boulboulle, J.B. (speaker) (25-8-2017): Enskillment in artistic technique. Developing a feeling for the body of colours, TransPositions Summer School. sensible Objects, Material Engagement, Skilled Expertise, Zeist, Netherlands.
  • Stols-Witlox, Maartje (speaker) (6-6-2017): Painting Grounds: Materials and Colours, Science4Curators, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  • Stols-Witlox, Maartje (speaker) (3-5-2017): Het schoonste wit, Excursie Chemisch Historische Groep naar het Nimeto Museum, Utrecht, Netherlands.
  • Stols-Witlox, Maartje (speaker) (9-2-2017): Scientific Reasoning in Art, NICAS colloquium, biweekly, Amsterdam.
  • Stols-Witlox, Maartje (speaker) (22-11-2016): Is een schilderij na een restauratie weer als nieuw?, Universiteit van Nederland, Amsterdam.
  • Stols-Witlox, Maartje (speaker) (26-8-2016): Method, Matter and Mind. Reproducing Historical Artistic Production Processes, Arts & Science, Vienna, Austria.
  • Stols-Witlox, Maartje (speaker) (24-6-2016): The PAinT project and Education. Connecting PAinT Research to Teaching in Conservation and Science’, Science4Arts symposium, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  • Stols-Witlox, Maartje (speaker) (14-6-2016): Covering Ground. Historical recipe research for investigations into the materials and methods of preparatory layers, IPERION-CH WP 9 Expert meeting, Copenhagen, Denmark.
  • Stols-Witlox, Maartje (speaker) (27-5-2016): Grounds, Animal Glue and Starch. Recipes and Reconstructions., Making & Knowing Project working group meeting 2016, New York, United States.
  • Stols-Witlox, Maartje (speaker) (11-12-2014): ‘Onderzoek naar historische recepten voor preparatielagen ( ‘grondering’) van doek en paneel in bronnen in NW Europa, 1550–1900 … een aanvullende invalshoek bij grondering-gerelateerde & kunsttechnologische vragen.’, Sectiedag sectie Atelierpraktijken Onderzoeksschool Kunstgeschiedenis (OSK) , Amersfoort, Netherlands.
  • Stols-Witlox, Maartje (speaker) (5-6-2014): ‘ “Experience will be your best master” Investigating the relevance of written recipes for preparatory layers for oil paintings, with special focus on ground colour.’, Historians of Netherlandish Art Conference, Boston.

Others

  • Dupré, S.G.M. (organiser), Harris, Anna (organiser), Kursell, Julia (organiser), Lulof, P.S. (organiser) & Stols-Witlox, M.J.N. (organiser) (2017): Lorentz Workshop Re-enactment, Replication, Reconstruction (organising a conference, workshop, ...).
  • Stols-Witlox, Maartje (organiser), Lulof, P.S. (organiser), Dupré, S.G.M. (organiser), Kursell, J.J.E. (organiser) & Harris, Anna (organiser) (12-6-2017 - 16-6-2017): Re-enactment, Replication, Reconstruction (organising a conference, workshop, ...).
  • Stols-Witlox, Maartje (organiser) (29-11-2016): Eerste FGw Onderwijsconferentie (organising a conference, workshop, ...).
  • Stols-Witlox, Maartje (organiser) (21-11-2016 - 22-11-2016): scientific reasoning in Art: (organising a conference, workshop, ...).
  • Stols-Witlox, Maartje (organiser) (20-6-2016): First SciRe expert meeting (organising a conference, workshop, ...).

2014

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