Fotograaf: Anneke Dekker

dhr. drs. J. (Jitte) Waagen

  • Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen
  • Bezoekadres
    BG 1
    Turfdraagsterpad 9  
  • Postadres:
    Turfdraagsterpad  9
    1012 XT  Amsterdam
    T: 0205258776
    T: 0205255830

Digital Archaeologist

Essential for dealing with archaeological knowledge and research, computers play an ever increasing role in archaeology. Recent progress in digitization of archaeological data has resulted in the appearance of extensive and complex datasets, which are assessed with increasingly sophisticated tools and applications to mine them for evidence of human behaviour in antiquity.
I have built up expertise in the application of these techniques, both by developing tools for archaeological data collection and dissemination and by integration of digital methods in research. I encourage their application through support of fieldwork, analyses and education at the Amsterdam Center for Ancient Studies and Archaeology.
Apart from archaeological and historical skills, I believe that tangible knowledge of information modeling, spatial analyses and statistics are fundamental to build successful applications and perform effective research in this field.

Coordinator 4D Research Lab

The 4D lab aims to romote the use of 3D technologies in the documentation, analysis and dissemination of academic research dealing with the material past, assist in the development of methods to use of 3D technologies in the process of research, rather than focusing on an end product, conform to academic standards of publication of 3D visualization and underline the importance of the responsibility of the academic researcher towards society to supply it with accurate visual models of the past.

PhD research

In the context of archaeological field-survey, straightforward methodological consensus is only slowly developing and calls for further research persist. The importance of the effects of the methodology of data collection on our understanding of human activity in the past is widely recognized. This is exemplified in the debate on the ‘hidden’ landscapes of Pre- and Protohistorical Mediterranean Europe and the problem of the ‘missing sites’ of the Early Roman colonization of Italy. The weight of this discussion bears even beyond historical problems, to issues of heritage management. Central to the methodological discussion is the role of GIS, spatial analyses and quantification techniques. In addition to the spatial and functional study of sites, it is in the assessment of so-called off-site distributions of artefacts that these tools are particularly instrumental and their application is under critical scrutiny. It is my contention that at least a part of the potential of spatial modeling and statistical analyses has thus far remained unexplored, and that they can be used to reveal intriguing aspects of collected archaeological datasets. For example, in one of my case-studies I have been able to establish a relationship between highly variable thin scatters of archaeological artifacts and the presence of archaeological sites in the subsoil. In this approach, I used basic principles of sample theory to identify ‘improbabilities’ in our sample database and examined them in detail in the field. Using techniques such as this, I aim to produce a series of analyses to assess our survey datasets and contribute to the methodological progress of this discipline and to its potential to help us understand human activity in the past.


Through The Looking Glass, BA Innovation


Digital Archaeology, 2nd year obligatory course


Secretary at Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology

Project manager at Fasti Online - Survey, online Open Access database for Archaeological Field Survey

Fields of interest

Archaeological Survey, Landscape Archaeology, Mediterranean Prehistory, Social Archaeology, Computational Archaeology, Digital Archaeology, Geoarchaeology, Databases, Geographic Information Systems, Spatial Analyses, Statistics, Mobile Learning, Open Source Software, Web Applications, 3D, drones, Image Based Modeling, Photogrammetry

Archaeological fieldwork experience

Present fieldwork projects: Satricum (Italy, led by dr. M. Gnade), Halos and Zakynthos (Greece, led respectively by prof. dr. R. Reinders/prof. dr. V.V. Stissi and dr. G.-J. van Wijngaarden), Tappino Valley Survey, Molise, Italy (together with Dr. T.D. Stek).

San Pancrazio - Li Castelli (projectleader, GIS-specialist) for the FirmA.Conti VivaiPiante S.r.l. (Rome) under supervision of dr. G.-J. Burgers of the Royal Dutch Institute at Rome.

The Nemrud Dag Project (Site Information System, 2005-2008, GIS-specialist); collaboration with the Amsterdam Archaeological Center,UvA, led by prof. dr. Herman Brijder.

The Sacred Landscapes Project (archaeological surveys, landscape reconstruction and spatial analyses, 2004-2008, organisation); collaboration with drs. Jeremia Pelgrom (RUL, VU) and drs. Tesse Stek (UvA, RUN).

The L'Amastuola Project (archaeological survey and spatial analyses of the necropoleis, 2005/2006); collaboration with the Archaeological Institute of the Free University of Amsterdam, in 2006 with a fund from the Dutch Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO); led by dr. G.-J. Burgers and dr. J.P. Crielaard.

Past and present projects Muro Tenente (large scale excavations,1997-2000, trench leader, 2001, field technician, 2002, research); San Pancrazio (small scale excavations, 1999, trench leader); both led by prof. dr. D. Yntema and dr. G.-J. Burgers


  • Stissi, V., Waagen, J., Efstathiou, D., Reinders, R., Rondiri, V., Mamaloudi, I., & Stamelou, E. (2015). Halos: Preliminary report of the 2011-2013 field survey campaigns. Pharos: journal of the Netherlands Institute in Athens, 21(2), 63-84. DOI: 10.2143/PHA.21.2.3206295  [details] 


  • Waagen, J. (2014). Evaluating background noise: Assessing off-site data from field surveys around the Italic sanctuary of S. Giovanni in Galdo, Molise, Italy. Journal of Field Archaeology, 39(4), 417-429. DOI: 10.1179/0093469014Z.00000000099  [details] 


  • Waagen, J., de Reus, N., & Kalkers, R. (2013). OpenArchaeoSurvey, or ‘Being Educated by the Digital Fieldwork Assistant’. Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology, 2012, 37-47. [details] 


  • Waagen, J. (2010). Appendix I: Digital modeling and data processing. Journal of Ancient Topography, 20, 54. [details] 
  • Burgers, G-J., & Waagen, J. (2010). Excavations at I Castiedd’ di San Pancrazio Salentino, Southern Italy. BABesch, 85, 59-75. DOI: 10.2143/BAB.85.0.2059890  [details] 


  • Waagen, J., Stek, T. D., Kalkers, R., Sánchez García, J., Hamel, A., Pelgrom, J., ... Termeer, M. (2016). Santuari, villaggi, centri fortificati e prima urbanizzazione tra sanniti e romani. Archeomolise, 26.


  • Stek, T. D., Thiermann, E., & Waagen, J. (2014). The Site Information System. In H. A. G. Brijder (Ed.), Nemrud Dagi: recent archaeological research and conservation activities in the tomb sanctuary on mount Nemrud (pp. 458-465). Boston, MA: De Gruyter. [details] 


  • Stissi, V., Waagen, J., & Pieters, N. (2013). From the sorting table to the web: The NPAP research data portal for ceramics. CSA Newsletter, XXV(3). [details] 


  • Waagen, J. (2011). La necropoli arcaica de L’Amastuola. In G. J. Burgers, & J. P. Crielaard (Eds.), Greci e indigeni a L'Amastuola (pp. 105-115). Mottola: Stampasud.


  • Waagen, J. (2010). Le sepolture di Muro Tenente: alcune rifflesioni ed interpretazioni. In G-J. Burgers, & C. Napolitano (Eds.), L'insediamento Messapico di Muro Tenente, Scavi e Ricerche 1998-2009 (pp. 141-150). Roma: Reale Istituto Neerlandese a Roma. [details] 
  • Tetteroo, C., & Waagen, J. (2010). Le sepolture di Muro Tenente 1993-2002. In G-J. Burgers, & C. Napolitano (Eds.), L'insediamento messapico di Muro Tenente: scavi e ricerche 1998-2009 (pp. 85-140). Roma: Reale Istituto Neerlandese a Roma. [details] 


  • Waagen, J., & Kok-Merlino, R. A. E. (2015). [Review of: J.C. Carter, A. Prieto (2011) The Chora of Metaponto 3: Archaeological Field Survey - Bradano to Basento (4 vols.).]. Bryn Mawr Classical Review.


  • Waagen, J., Kalkers, R., & Kruijer, L. (2013). Het OpenArchaeoSurvey project. TMA: tijdschrift voor mediterrane archeologie, 25(49), 72. [details] 


  • Waagen, J., Kalkers, R., & Kruijer, L. (2012). De Survey Archaeology website. TMA: tijdschrift voor mediterrane archeologie, 24(48), 46. [details] 


  • Waagen, J., Stek, T. D., & Kalkers, R. (2016). Settlement Distribution in Samnium: the Tappino Valley Survey project (2004-2015, Molise, CB).


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  • Digital Landscapes
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