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Prof. dr. L.F.M. (Leonard) Besselink

Constitutioneel recht
Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid
Staats- en bestuursrecht
Fotograaf: Jeroen Oerlemans

Bezoekadres
  • Nieuwe Achtergracht 166
Postadres
  • Postbus 15557
    1001 NB Amsterdam
Contactgegevens
  • Introduction

    Leonard Besselink held the chair of Constitutional Law in the Faculty Law since 2012, is affilliated to the Amsterdam Centre for European Law and Governance, ACELG. Although emeritus since September 2021, he still teaches and is engaged in research. Since 2021 he holds a position at the School of Law of LUISS Guido Carli in Rome, where (previously and presently) he has also been teaching in the School of Government.

    He is a member of the Royal Netherlands Society of Sciences and Humanities.

    He obtained a doctorate in social and political sciences at the European University Institute, Florence, Italy.

    His research focuses on issues of European, comparative and national constitutional law. In particular the constitutional nexus between EU and national constitutional law is one of his main research themes as well as issues of fundamental rights protection in Europe.

    For a cv, key publications and full list of publications (with links to digital versions in the UvA repository) see the other tabs on this page.

     

  • CV summary

    CV Summary

    Leonard F.M. Besselink

    e-mail: l.besselink   AT   uva.nl

    work:    +31 20 525 3966

    Leonard F.M. Besselink has been Professor of Constitutional Law at the Faculty of Law of the University of Amsterdam since 2012, and is affilliated to the Amsterdam Centre for European Law and Governance, ACELG, and is emeritus since September 2021. Prior to his position in Amsterdam he held the chair of European Constitutional Law at the University of Utrecht.

    He holds a degree from the University of Leiden (Netherlands) and the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced Internatio­nal Studies (Bologna Center), and a doctorate in social and political sciences of the European University Institute, Florence (Italy).

    He is a member of the Royal Dutch Society of Sciences and Humanities, and was a member of the Royal Committee on the Constitution (Staatscommissie Grondwet 2008-2010) tendering advise to the Netherlands government on amending the NL Constitution to bring it up to date in various respects.

    He has participated in many research consortia and has published mainly in the fields of national constitutional law, European constitutional law and comparative constitutional law, with a particular thematic focus on the nexus between public international, European Union and national law, as well as issues of the rule of law and fundamental rights protection in Europe.

    He has taught at the Universities of Amsterdam, Utrecht, as well as LUISS (Rome), and has given countless guest lectures as well as invited speeches at many academic institutions, international conferences and colloquia.

    He has supervised a variety of doctoral dissertations and been an external examiner of doctoral dissertations in the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Denmark and Finland.

  • Key publications and full list of publications

    Key publications [thematically]

    Leonard F.M. Besselink

     

    On ‘constitutional relations’

     

    A Composite European Constitution/ Een samengestelde Europese constitutie. [Inaugural Address Jean Monnet Chair European Constitutional Law, University of Utrecht, 10 January 2007.] Groningen, Europa Law Publishing, 2007, 22 + 22 pp., see

    https://pure.uva.nl/ws/files/16598551/oratie_UU_Scan_Besselink_Leonard_15_18_05_09_2017.pdf

    The Notion and Nature of the European Constitution after the Lisbon Treaty. In: European Constitutionalism beyond Lisbon, Jan Wouters (ed.), Luc Verhey (ed.), Philipp Kiiver (ed.), Uitgeverij Intersentia, 2009, pp. 261-281.

    [With Monica Claes, Šejla Imamović, Jan Herman Reestman] National Constitutional Avenues for Further EU Integration, Study, European Parliament, Directorate General for Internal Policies, Policy Department C: Citizens' Rights And Constitutional Affairs, Legal Affairs Committee, Constitutional Affairs Committee, PE 493.046 EN, Brussels March 2014, 277 pp. [common responsibility for main, synthetic part of the report; responsibility for the chapters on Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Sweden, Portugal, Malta, Bulgaria]

    Does EU Law Recognize Legal Limits to Integration? Accommodating diversity and its limits. In: The EU Between 'an Ever Closer Union' and Inalienable Policy Domains of Member States,  Herausgegeben von Prof. Dr. Thomas Giegerich, LL.M. (Virginia), Oskar Josef Gstrein, LL.M., Sebastian Zeitzmann, LL.M. 2014, 557 S., Broschiert, ISBN 978-3-8487-0995-3 pp. 59-78.

    Parameters of Constitutional Development: The Fiscal Compact In Between EU and Member State Constitutions. In: The EU after Lisbon: Amending or Coping with the Existing Treaties? Rossi, Lucia Serena, Casolari, Federico (Eds.) Springer Verlag 2014, X, 334 p. 2 illus., 1 illus. in color, ISBN 978-3-319-04590-0 , pp. 21-35

     

    On constitutional democracy and the rule of law

    The Bite, the Bark and the Howl: Article 7 TEU and the Rule of Law Initiatives, in: The enforcement of EU law and values: ensuring Member States' compliance. Jakab, A. & Kochenov, D. (eds.). Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 128-144, 17 pp., Chapter 8 [April 2017]. Pre-publication in a longer version as Amsterdam Centre for European Law and Governance Research Paper No. 2016-01, Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2715943

    Talking about European Democracy. (2017). European Constitutional Law Review, 13(2), 207-220. doi:10.1017/S1574019617000128. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/european-constitutional-law-review/article/talking-about-european-democracy/C1B1E92CE91F11EFC0B0765A264B5AF0#

    On Some of the Pre-Conditions for Democracy under the Rule Of Law. Περιμένοντας τους Bαρβάρους. Law in the days of Constitutional Crisis. Studies offered to Mirosław Wyrzykowski. CH Beck/Nomos 2021. Under embargo.

     

    On ‘constitutional identity’

     

    National and constitutional identity before and after Lisbon, In: 3 Utrecht Law Review (2010), November 2010, pp. 36-49. at http://www.utrechtlawreview.org/

    Respecting Constitutional Identity in the EU.  A Case Note to ECJ (Second Chamber), Case C 208/09, 22 December 2010, Ilonka Sayn-Wittgenstein v Landeshauptmann von Wien. In: 49 CMLRev (2012) nr 2 pp. 671–693

    The Persistence of a Contested Concept: Reflections on 10 years Constitutional Identity in EU law. In European Public Law, volume 27, issue 3, 597-612

     

    On fundamental rights

     

     

    The Protection of Fundamental Rights Post-Lisbon: The Interaction between the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, the European Convention on Human Rights and National Constitutions. Questionnaire and General Report. In: Reports of the XXV FIDE Congress Tallinn 2012, Volume 1: The Protection of Fundamental Rights Post-Lisbon, Tallinn 2012, Tartu University Press. Pp. 1-139.

    Parameters of Constitutional Conflict after Melloni. In: European Law Review 2014,39( 4), 531-552.

    Should the European Union Ratify the European Convention for Human Rights: Some Remarks on the Relations between the European Court of Human Rights and the European Court of Justice. In: Constituting Europe: the European Court of Human Rights in a national, European and global context. Andreas Føllesdal/ Geir Ulfstein/ Birgit Peters (eds.) Cambridge Studies on Human Rights Conventions, Cambridge University Press, ISBN-13: 978110702444,  2013 , pp. 301-333

    The European Union and The European Convention On Human Rights: From Sovereign Immunity in Bosphorus to Full Scrutiny under the Reform Treaty? In: Changing Perceptions of Sovereignty and Human Rights: Essays in Honour of Cees Flinterman, Intersentia Antwerpen 2008, pp. 295-309

    Multiple Political Identities: Revisiting the ‘Maximum Standard’. In: Citizenship and Solidarity in the European Union – from the Charter of Fundamental Rights to the Crisis, the state of the art. Alessandra Silveira (ed.), [Euroclio Series] Peter Lang, (Bern/Bruxelles) 2013.

    Entrapped by the Maximum Standard. On Fundamental Rights, Pluralism, Subsidiarity in the European Union. In: Common Market Law Review, vol 35 (1998), no. 3, pp 629-680

    Grenzen aan grenzenloosheid - algemene leerstukken van grondrechtenbescherming en de EU, L.F.M. Besselink en H.R.B.M. Kummeling (red.), WEJ Tjeenk Willink Deventer 1998, XIII + 287 pp.

     

    On EU and national parliaments

     

    National Parliaments in the EU’s Composite Constitution: a Plea for a Shift in Paradigm. In: Ph. Kiiver (ed.), National and Regional Parliaments in the European Constitutional Order, Groningen: Europa Law Publishing, 2006. ISBN: 9076871639, pp. 117-131

     

    On constitutional adjudication

     

    The Proliferation of Constitutional Law and Constitutional Adjudication, or How American Judicial Review Came to Europe After All. Utrecht Law Review. Volume 9, Issue 2, March 2013, pp. 19-35. http://www.utrechtlawreview.org/index.php/ulr/article/viewFile/223/220

    Ius Publicum Europaeum: Verfassungsgerichtsbarkeit in den Niederlanden. In: Handbuch IUS PUBLICUM EUROPAEUM, Band VI: Verfassungsgerichtsbarkeit, Prof. Dr. Armin von Bogdandy, Prof. Dr. Peter M. Huber (hersg.), C. F. Mueller Verlag, Heidelberg forthcoming, [approx 60 pp]

     

    Country studies in National constitutional law

     

    Constitutional Law of the EU Member States, Leonard Besselink, Paul Bovend’eert, Hansko Broeksteeg, Roel de Lange, Wim Voermans (eds),  Kluwer Deventer, 2014, VI + 1765 pp. ISBN 978-90-13-09176-2 [and (co-)author of the chapters on The Italian Republic and on The Kingdom of the Netherlands]

    Ius Publicum Europaeum: § 6 Grundstrukturen staatlichen Verfassungsrechts. In: Handbuch IUS PUBLICUM EUROPAEUM, Band I: Nationales Verfassungsrecht, Prof. Dr. Armin von Bogdandy, Prof. Dr. Pedro Cruz Villalón, Prof. Dr. Peter M. Huber (hersg.), C. F. Mueller Verlag, Heidelberg 2007, pp. 327-388

    The Constitutional Duty to Promote the Development of the International Legal Order: the Significance and Meaning of Article 90 of the Netherlands Constitution. In: Netherlands Yearbook of International Law, Volume XXXIV, 2003, pp. 89-138

    De Nederlandse Grondwet en de Europese Unie. [The Netherlands Constitution and the European Union, with H.R.B.M. Kummeling (Introduction and Chapter 1), R. de Lange (chapter 5 on decentralization), P. Mendelts (draft chapter 3 on parliament) and S. Prechal (Introduction and concluding chapter)] Europa Law Publishing, Groningen 2002. xii + 279 pp. NUR 823; ISBN 90-76871-10-8

  • Short CV

    Short CV

    Leonard F.M. Besselink

    Parklaan 14A

    NL 2011 KV Haarlem

    Netherlands

    e-mail: l.besselink   AT   uva.nl

    telephone:

    work:    +31 20 525 3958 (direct)/ 3451 (secretariat)

     

    Education

    • Doctorate in Social and Political Science, European University Institute (Florence) (1988)
    • Diplome in International Politics, Johns Hopkins University, School of Advanced International Studies (1980)
    • Degree of doctorandus in law, University of Leiden, Faculty of Law (specialization in international law and international organization, 1979)
    • Kandidaatsexamen Netherlands Law at Free University Amsterdam (1975)
    • Post-graduatel courses at Post-graduate Course International Organization at Inter-University Centre for Post-Graduate Studies, Dubrovnik (Sept.-Oct. 1978), Summer course of the Académie de Droit International de la Haye (1977)

     

    Professional Experience

    Career

    • Professor of Constitutional Law, School of Law, LUISS Guido Carli, Rome (since 2021)
    • Professor of Constitutional Law, University of Amsterdam (since 2012; emeritus since 2021)
    • Professor of European Constitutional Law, Law Faculty, University of Utrecht (2005-2012)
    • Associate professor of Constitutional Law, Law Faculty, University of Utrecht (1995-2005)
    • Lecturer Constitutional Law, Faculty of Law, University of Amsterdam (1983-1995)

     

    Visiting professorship/ fellowships

    • Visiting Professor of European constitutional law at Libera Universitá Internazionale degli Studi Sociali LUISS, School of Government, Rome (since Spring 2015) 
    • Henri G. Schermers Fellow of the Netherlands Institute for Social Sciences and Humanities NIAS (2011-2012)
    • Visiting Professor and Fellow of the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies of the European University Institute, Florence, Italy (2003-2004)
    • Visiting Professor Constitutional Law, Faculty of Law, Ethiopian Civil Servants' College, Addis Ababa (yearly for short periods from 1998 to 2010)

    Teaching experience

    • Many bachelors’ and masters’ programme courses in constitutional law, comparative constitutional law, fundamental rights, EU fundamental rights protection, public law, EU institutional law.
    • Graduate and PhD research seminars on ‘Dynamics of law in International and European Perspective’ (selected classes on (comparative) constitutional law in European and global context)
    • Director of the selective Master’s Programme in Legal Research at the Law School, University of Utrecht (2004-2010) – [‘Best Master’s Programme by Research in the Netherlands’, Elsevier 2009; best master’s programme in law, Keuzegids Hoger Onderwijs 2009 and 2010]

     

    PhD Supervision

    • Fourteen successful PhD’s supervised as promotor and co-promotor since 2000.
    • Membership of approximately 45 PhD defence committees, mostly at Law Faculties in the Netherlands, but also at the Theology Faculty of the  University of Utrecht (on the abortive Lex Ecclessiae Fundamentalis), as well as in Ghent, Leuven, Luxembourg, Copenhagen and Helsinki
    • Several Master classes for PhD’s within the framework of the Inter-University Research School Ius Commune, at the Universities of Amsterdam and Utrecht and at the EUI, Law Department (May 2014)
    • Dean for PhD affairs, Law Faculty, University of Utrecht 2004-2005

     

    Research

    Publications

    • Over 260 publications, mainly in English and Dutch (see separate publication list); mainly in the field of national, comparative and EU constitutional law, the nexus between European, international and national (constitutional) law. See elsewhere on this webpage.

     

    Keynote Speeches & Invited Lectures (selection for the last few years)

    2021

     

    • ‘The curious case of judicial review in the Netherlands: the primacy of international norms and lack of review of acts of parliament against constitutional provisions’, 26 November 2021, International Round-Table Constitutional Adjudication, University of Warsaw
    • ‘Is there a shared understanding of the concept of the rule of law in the EU?’ Panel discussion Helsinki Rule of Law Forum Seminar 29 October 2021, Helsinki
    • 'Pre-conditions for Democracy under the Rule of Law', Περιμένοντας τους Bαρβάρους. Law in a Time of Constitutional Crisis, Conference in honour of Mirosław Wyrzykowski, 16 October 2021, Warsaw
    • Human right to Health: Solidarity in the Era of Health Care Commercialization, video presentation at Book Launch of the book with this title by Eduardo Arenas Catalan, 30 June 2021 https://www.ou.nl/-/webinar-human-right-health; https://player.ou.nl/wowzaportlets/embed?production=rDESPrn;  
    • Italy in the Composite European Constitutional Order, Webex Guest Lecture in Constitutional Law LUISS, Rome –23 March 2021

    2020

    • Die relative Bedeutung des Rechts – über die Rechtmäßigkeit der Coronaregeln, Webinar 2 oktober 2020. Duits-Nederlandse Juristenconferentie 2020: Freiheitsrechte in Zeiten der Pandemie: Demokratien am Limit?  http://deutsch-niederlaendische-juristenkonferenz.de/?p=307
    • Masterclass Ius Commune, Maastricht 26 June 2020. Commentator on Elin Börjedal, The division of labour in fundamental rights protection - research methods and methodology.
    • Lezing over doorwerking en Urgenda. 23 februari 2020. Seminar internationale beleidsafspraken en soft-law Centrum voor Internationaal Recht (CIR),  Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken,  Den Haag.
    • Urgenda: Kan de rechter het beter dan Greta Thunberg? 20 februari 2020 Symposium 'Zin of onzin? Klimaatwet- en rechtszaken’, Universiteit Leuven. Youtube opname https://youtu.be/D8BXOXUDzic?t=3690 
    • [Urgenda] Constitutionele aspecten:  machtenscheiding en doorwerking van internationaal recht, Themabijeenkomst, Het URGENDA-arrest: analyse en vooruitblik. 24 januari 2020, Vereniging voor Milieurecht, Utrecht. https://www.milieurecht.nl/vmr-hr-inzake-urgenda; presentatie https://www.milieurecht.nl/bestanden/presentatie-l-besselink-vmr-urgenda.pdf

    2019

    • The Rule of Law and Democracy : Courts and Politics. 17 June 2019, Copenhagen, Centre for European for European and Comparative Legal Studies / Danish Association for European Law, Søren Kierkegaard auditorium, 9A-0-01, Njalsgade 76, 2300 København S. https://jura.ku.dk/cecs/calendar/2019/seminar-with-professor-leonard-f.m.-besselink/
    • Separation of Powers within and beyond Europe. The evolution of a foundational concept. 12 April 2019, Rome Libera Universitá Internazionale degli Studi Sociali LUISS, with Antoine Vauchez, Robert Schütze, Sylvana Sciarra, Harm Schepel, Filippo Fontanelli, and others.,Presentation on ‘Courts and Democracy in an inter-constitutional context’. https://www.luiss.it/evento/2019/04/12/separation-powers-within-and-beyond-europe-evolution-foundational-concept-0
    • Workshop Accountability and Control of European Multilevel Administration, (Felipe Bastos) ACELG Amsterdam  21 January 2019, chair of key lecture Graham Smith, Senior Advisor European Ombudsman
    • Ronde Tafel conferentie A Constitution Fit for a Modern and Forward Looking Ukraine op 28 februari 2019, Kiev (met o.a. Aleksander Kwasniewski, Pat Cox, Roger Myerson, Šinkūnas Haroldas, Mirosław Wyrzykowski, Anders Aslund, John Herbst, Andreas Umland, Olof Petersson, Andreas Baumgartner, Xavier Philippe, Philip Hall, Matthias Hartwig, Yulia Tymoshenko, Hryhoriy Nemyria, Viktor Shyshkin, Petro Stetsyuk, Hennadiy Druzenko, Alona Shkrum), Deelnemer en spreker
    • Mini-werkconferentie hervorming parlementair stelsel d.d. 18 april 2019, Ministerie van BZK, discussie en inbreng over EU paragraaf
    • Meeting Constitutional Foundations, 17th - 18th May 2019, Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law Heidelberg, Funded by the Leibniz Project, ‘Structural Transformation of Public Law’, Deutsche ForschungsGemeinschaft. Discussion paper Martin Loughlin, and presentation Structure and Gestalt of the Netherlands Constitution
    • Key note lecture: The Rule of Law and Democracy: Courts and Politics, Centre for European and Comparative Legal Studies (CECS) Faculty of Law, Københavns Universitet, 17 June 2019, in co-operation with the Danish Society for European Law; announcement  https://jura.ku.dk/cecs/calendar/2019/seminar-with-professor-leonard-f.m.-besselink/ and http://europaret.dk/index.php?module=FormExpress&func=display_formlist
    • National constitutional identity 10 years on, 24-25 June 2019, Law Faculty – Maastricht University, The Netherlands (Conveners: Monica Claes, Bruno de Witte, Diane Fromage), closing speech ‘Reflections on National constitutional identity 10 years after Lisbon’
    • Rule of Law within the EU - 30 years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, Stockholm 24-25 November 2019. Swedish Network for European Law Studies, keynote
    • De Economische Constitutie – Beginselen van de Democratische Rechtsstaat tussen Globalisering en Europeanisering. Staatsrechtconferentie 13 december 2019, organisator, openingslezing, slottoespraak

    2018

    • Presentation The Role of Law and Courts & The Role of Politics and  Political Actors in the EU Context. Roundtable presentations and debate. Kaarlo Thuori, Leonard Besselink e Gabor Halmai. Cesare Pinelli, Università La Sapienza, Roma, 1 October 2018
    • Seminar Trust and the European Union as Rechtsgemeinschaft (A. von Bogdandy), discussant, 2 July 2018, Universiteit van Maastricht
    • Mini-symposium over Fake News bij gelegenheid van het afscheid van Wouter Hins van de UvA, voorzitter, 14 juni 2018, Amsterdam
    • Key-note lecture: Being a Constitutional Court in a Post-Sovereign Interconstitutional Order, International Conference 35.º Anniversary of the Constitutional Court of Portugal, Lisbon, May 24-25, 2018
    • Presentation: Is the Concept of the Essence of Fundamental Rights Mirrored in European Domestic Constitutional Law?,
    • Conference The Essence of Fundamental Rights in EU Law, 17-18 May 2018, Leuven (M. Dawson, O. Lynskey, E. Muir)
    • Presentation: Enforcing Values: on Legal Possibilities and Limitations of Article 7 TEU.  The EU’s Rule of Law Framework and National Court Reforms: A Legitimate Concern? Joint Symposium of the Dutch Association for European Law (NVER) and the Dutch Association of Constitutional Law (Staatsrechtkring) Leiden

    Research Networks

    • Participation with ‘work package’ in  Integrated Programme, Securitization in Europe, CHALLENGE, Sixth EU Framework Programme, Workpackage 13: legal competence with regard to external borders and general programme activities
    • Member of Network of Excellence CONNEX, Accountability in Europe, Sixth EU Framework Programme

    Contract Research

    • Some eighteen contracts, mainly for shorter academic projects mainly for public institutions (value per contract ranging from €2000 to € 950 000).

    Prestigious prizes, distinctions etc.

    • Member of the Koninklijke Hollandse Maatschappij van Wetenschappen (Royal Netherlands Society of Sciences and Humanities), Humanities Section.
    • Member of the Royal Committee on the Constitution, Staatscommissie Grondwet (2009-2010)

     

    Administration

    • Head of Public Law Department, Faculty of Law, University of Amsterdam (101 members, including support staff) (2014-2019)
    • Chair Assessment Committee reviewing the Application for renewal of the Centre for European and Comparative Legal Studies, Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen, 2019-2024 (2019)
    • Chair Research Review and Assessment (Visitatiecommissie onderzoek) Faculty of Law Universityof Maastricht, 2009-2015 (2016)
    • Member of the Mid-Term Review Research Assessment Committee, University of Maastricht (2014)
    • Member External Advisory Board CES (Centre for European Constitutionalization and Security), Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen (2013)
    • Chair of Research Assessment Committee Faculty of Law and Faculty of Canon Law, Catholic University of Leuven (2012)
    • Member of Faculty and Departmental Boards, countless faculty committees, including search committees, selection committees and advisory committees for full professors and associate professors.
  • Publicaties

    2021

    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2021). De Afdeling Bestuursrechtspraak en de rechtsstatelijke crisis rond de Toeslagenaffaire: Over een onverstandige en onvoldoende reactie. Nederlands Juristenblad, 2021(nr 3), 194-198.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2021). The Persistence of a Contested Concept: Reflections on 10 years Constitutional Identity in EU law. European Public Law, 27(3), 597-612.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (Accepted/In press). The Evolution and Gestalt of the Netherlands Constitution. In A. von Bogdandy, P. M. Huber, & P. Cruz Villalón (Eds.), The Constitutional Foundations: Evolution and Gestalt of European Constitutions (Vol. 2). (The Max Planck Handbooks in European Public Law). Oxford University Press.

    2020

    • Besselink, L. (2020). Introduction: A Directly Elected European Parliament. In T. Marguery , S. Platon, & H. van Eijken (Eds.), Les élections européennes 40 ans après = The European Elections, 40 years after: Bilans, enjeux et perspectives = Assessment, Issues and Prospects (pp. 9-16). (Études parlementaires). Emile Bruylant.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2020). Rechter en politiek: Machtenscheiding in de Urgenda-zaak. TvCR: tijdschrift voor constitutioneel recht, 11(2), 128-151. [8]. http://www.tvcr.nl/tijdschriftvoorconstitutioneelrecht/download/410Jrg11nr2-1.pdf [details]
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2020). Tijd, verandering en grondwetswijziging: Over artikel 0 en artikel 1 van de Grondwet. In N. S. Efthymiou, P. W. A. Huisman, & L. van Kalken (Eds.), De vele facetten van het staatsrecht: opstellen aangeboden aan prof. dr. R. de Lange (pp. 195-201). Wolf Legal Publishers.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2020). Waarom staatsrechtsgeleerden het moeten hebben over de economische constitutie. In L. F. M. Besselink (Ed.), De economische constitutie: beginselen van de democratische rechtsstaat tussen globalisering en Europeanisering (pp. 3-10). Wolf Legal Publishers.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (Accepted/In press). Rule of Law Problems as Problems of Democracy. In Rule of Law in the European Union: 30 Years After the Fall of the Berlin Wall (pp. 39-50). (Swedish Studies in European Law (SSEL)). Hart Publishing.
    • Besselink, L. F. M., Bellamy, R., Arenas Catalán, E., Swider, K., Van der Sluis, M., Fasone, C., Markakis, M., Ranchordás, S., Munneke, S., & Maasbommel, S. (2020). De Economische Constitutie / The Economic Constitution: Beginselen van de Democratische Rechtsstaat tussen Globalisering en Europeanisering/ The Principles of Constitutional Democracy between Globalisation and Europeanisation, Wolf Legal Publishers.

    2019

    2018

    • Besselink, L. (2018). De constitutioneel meer legitieme manier van toetsing: Urgenda voor het Hof Den Haag. Nederlands Juristenblad, 93(41), 3078-3082. [2154]. http://deeplinking.kluwer.nl/?param=00D105EF&cpid=WKNL-LTR-Nav2 [details]
    • Besselink, L., & Bonelli, M. (2018). Back and Forth Between Sovereignty and Constitutionalism: The Court of Justice’s Constitutional Case Law. European Constitutional Law Review, 14(4), 665-674. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1574019618000445 [details]
    • Hirsch Ballin, E. M. H., & Besselink, L. F. M. (2018). De Italiaanse Republiek. In L. F. M. Besselink, P. P. T. Bovend'Eert, J. L. W. Broeksteeg, & R. de Lange (Eds.), Het staatsrecht van 7 Europese landen : België, Bondsrepubliek Duitsland, Frankrijk, Italie, Polen, Verenigd Koninkrijk, Zweden (9e ed., pp. 191-255). Wolters Kluwer. [details]

    2017

    2016

    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2016). The Place of National Parliaments within the European Constitutional Order. In N. Lupo, & C. Fasone (Eds.), Interparliamentary cooperation in the composite European Constitution (pp. 23-38). (Parliamentary Democracy in Europe ; Vol. 1). Hart Publishing. https://doi.org/10.5040/9781782257004.ch-001 [details]
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2016). Verfassungsgerichtsbarkeit in den Niederlanden. In A. von Bogdandy, C. Grabenwarther, P. M. Huber, & C. Antpöhler (Eds.), Verfassungsgerichtsbarkeit in Europa: Institutionen (pp. 357-411). (Handbuch Ius Publicum Europaeum; No. 6). C.F. Müller. [details]

    2015

    2014

    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2014). Does EU law recognize legal limits to integration? Accommodating diversity and its limits. In T. Giegerich, O. J. Gstrein, & S. Zeitzmann (Eds.), The EU between 'an ever closer union' and inalienable policy domains of member states (pp. 59-78). (Schriftenreihe des Arbeitskreises Europäische Integration e.V.; No. 80). Nomos. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2343751 [details]
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2014). Parameters of constitutional development: The fiscal compact in between EU and member state constitutions. In L. S. Rossi, & F. Casolari (Eds.), The EU after Lisbon: amending or coping with the existing treaties? (pp. 21-35). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-04591-7_2 [details]
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2014). The Kingdom of the Netherlands. In L. Besselink, P. Bovend’Eert, H. Broeksteeg, R. de Lange, & W. Voermans (Eds.), Constitutional law of the EU member states (pp. 1187-1241). Kluwer. [details]
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2014). The parameters of constitutional conflict after Melloni. European Law Review, 39(4), 531-552. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2345143 [details]
    • Hirsch Ballin, E., & Besselink, L. F. M. (2014). The Italian Republic. In L. Besselink, P. Bovend’Eert, H. Broeksteeg, R. de Lange, & W. Voermans (Eds.), Constitutional law of the EU member states (pp. 903-966). Kluwer. [details]

    2013

    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2013). Multiple political identities: revisiting the 'maximum standard'. In A. Silveira, M. Canotilho, & P. Madeira Froufe (Eds.), Citizenship and solidarity in the European Union: from the charter of fundamental rights to the crisis, the state of the art (pp. 235-252). (Euroclio; No. 77). Peter Lang. http://ssrn.com/abstract=2244383 [details]
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2013). Should the European Union Ratify the European Convention for Human Rights? Some Remarks on the Relations between the European Court of Human Rights and the European Court of Justice. In A. Føllesdal, B. Peters, & G. Ulfstein (Eds.), Constituting Europe: the European Court of Human Rights in a national, European and global context (pp. 301-333). (Studies in human rights conventions; No. 2). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139169295.009 [details]
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2013). The Proliferation of Constitutional Law and Constitutional Adjudication, or How American Judicial Review Came to Europe After All. Utrecht Law Review, 9(2), 19-35. https://doi.org/10.18352/ulr.223 [details]

    2012

    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2012). Constitutional adjudication in the era of globalization: The Netherlands in comparative perspective. European Public Law, 18(2), 231-245. http://www.kluwerlawonline.com/document.php?id=EURO2012013 [details]
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2012). General report. In J. Laffranque (Ed.), Reports of the FIDE Congress Tallinn 2012. - Vol. 1: The protection of fundamental rights post-Lisbon: the interaction between the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, the European Convention on Human Rights and national constitutions = Põhiõiguste kaitse pärast Lissaboni lepingu jõustumist: Euroopa Liidu põhiõiguste harta, Euroopa inimõiguste konventsiooni ja liikmesriikide põhiseaduste vastasmõju (pp. 63-139). Tartu University Press. http://www.fide2012.eu/index.php?doc_id=94 [details]
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2012). Informal international lawmaking: elaboration and implementation in The Netherlands. In A. Berman, S. Duquet, J. Pauwelyn, R. A. Wessel, & J. Wouters (Eds.), Informal international lawmaking: case studies (pp. 97-139). (Law of the future series; No. 3). Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher. http://www.fichl.org/fileadmin/fichl/documents/LOTFS/LOTFS_3_Web.pdf [details]
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2012). Questionnaire: The protection of fundamental rights post-Lisbon: the interaction between the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) and national constitutions = Questionnaire: la protection des droits fondamentaux après Lisbonne: l’interaction entre la Charte des droits fondamentaux de l’Union européenne, la Convention européenne des droits de l’homme (CEDH) et les constitutions nationales. In J. Laffranque (Ed.), Reports of the FIDE Congress Tallinn 2012. - Vol. 1: The protection of fundamental rights post-Lisbon: the interaction between the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, the European Convention on Human Rights and national constitutions = Põhiõiguste kaitse pärast Lissaboni lepingu jõustumist: Euroopa Liidu põhiõiguste harta, Euroopa inimõiguste konventsiooni ja liikmesriikide põhiseaduste vastasmõju (pp. 1-62). Tartu University Press. http://www.fide2012.eu/Questionnaires/id/159/ [details]
    • Besselink, L. F. M., & van Mourik, B. (2012). The parliamentary legitimacy of the European Union: the role of the States General within the European Union. Utrecht Law Review, 8(1), 28-50. https://doi.org/10.18352/ulr.179 [details]
    • Hirsch Ballin, E. M. H., & Besselink, L. F. M. (2012). De Italiaanse Republiek. In L. F. M. Besselink, P. Bovend'Eert, H. Broeksteeg, & R. de Lange (Eds.), Het staatsrecht van landen van de Europese Unie: België, Bondsrepubliek Duitsland, Frankrijk, Italië, Polen, Verenigd Koninkrijk, Zweden. - 8e, geheel herz. dr. (pp. 191-255). Kluwer. [details]

    2009

    2008

    2005

    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2005). Ongrondwettige grondwetswijzigingen. In Met Recht en Reede: Opstellen aangeboden aan mr. J.L. de Reede (pp. 9-18). Kluwer.

    2003

    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2003). Constitutionele toetsing in internationaal perspectief. Ars Aequi, 52 (2003)(2), 89-95.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2003). Tweeërlei Constitutie. In Op het snijvlak van recht en politiek : Opstellen aangeboden aan prof. mr. L. Prakke (pp. 13-26). Kluwer.

    2021

    2019

    2018

    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2018). Europese democratie: uitdaging en opdracht. In A. Ellian, G. Molier, & B. Rijpkema (Eds.), De strijd om de democratie: Essays over democratische zelfverdediging (pp. 199-216). Boom. [details]

    2016

    2015

    • Călin, D., & Besselink, L. (2015). Leonard Besselink. In D. Călin (Ed.), Dreptul Uniunii Europene şi tribunalele constituţionale ale statelor membre: interviuri = European Union law and the constitutional courts of the member states: interviews (pp. 34-47). (Biblioteca de drept european). Editura Universitară. https://doi.org/10.5682/9786062803353 [details]

    2014

    • Besselink, L., Bovend’Eert, P., Broeksteeg, H., de Lange, R., & Voermans, W. (Eds.) (2014). Constitutional law of the EU member states. Kluwer. [details]

    2013

    2012

    2008

    2002

    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2002). Grondrechtenbescherming in het federale Koninkrijk.

    2001

    • Besselink, L. F. M. (Ed.) (2001). Human Rights Commissions and Ombudsman Offices: National Experiences throughout the World. Kluwer Law International.
    • Volker, E. L. M., Hossain, K., Selassie gebre Selassie, H., & Besselink, L. F. M. (Eds.) (2001). Human Rights Commissions and Ombudsman Offices National Experiences throughout the world. Kluwer Law International. [details]

    1994

    • Eijsbouts, W. T., Albers, H. S. J., & Besselink, L. F. M. (1994). Subsidiarity in non federal contexts: The Netherlands and the European Union. Sociaal-economische Wetgeving : Tijdschrift voor Europees en Economisch Recht, 275-321. [details]
    • Eijsbouts, W. T., Albers, H. S. J., & Besselink, L. F. M. (1994). Subsidiarity in non federal contexts: The Netherlands and the European Union. In FIDE XVIe Congres I, Le principe de subsidiarite (pp. 363-411). FIDE. [details]

    2021

    2017

    2014

    2013

    2012

    2008

    2007

    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2007). A Composite European Constitution / Een samengestelde Europese constitutie: [Inaugurele rede 10 januari 2007 Jean Monnet Leerstoel Universiteit Utrecht/ Inaugural address 10 Januayr 2007 Jean Monnet Chair University of Utrecht]. Groningen/Amsterdam: Europa Law Publishing.

    2005

    • Eijsbouts, W. T., & Besselink, L. F. M. (2005). A Constitution for Europe and Other Constitutions. European Constitutional Law Review, 1, 335-337. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1574019605003354 [details]
    • Eijsbouts, W. T., Besselink, L. F. M., Reestman, J. H., & Sap, J. W. (2005). Preface. European Constitutional Law Review, 1-3. [details]

    1978

    • Besselink, L. F. M. (1978). De Soevereiniteit van de Staat: Een volkenrechtelijke scriptie.

    Prijs

    • Besselink, L. (1981). Cornelis van Vollenhoven Prijs 1981.

    Lidmaatschap

    • Besselink, L. F. M. (2011-2015). Lid, Koninklijke Hollandsche Maatschappij van Wetenschappen.

    Tijdschriftredactie

    • Reestman, J. H. (editor), Besselink, L. F. M. (editor) & Claes, M. (editor) (2015). European Constitutional Law Review (Journal).
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (editor), Claes, M. (editor) & Reestman, J. H. (editor) (2013-2016). European Constitutional Law Review (Journal).
    • Besselink, L. (reviewer) (2004-2023). European Constitutional Law Review (Journal).

    Spreker

    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (2-11-2015). The Rule of Law and Article 7 TEU, The Rule of Law in the EU Definition, function and protection 1-3 November 2015, Dragsholm Castle, Denmark.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (29-6-2015). Constituent Power and the European Court of Justice, Leiden Law Exchange: Roundtable Discussion on Opinion 2/13 on EU Accession to the ECHR- Reflections on the Way Forward, University of Leiden.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (4-6-2015). Margin of Appreciation in the ECJ and the Vertical Division of Powers, Conference "Subsidiarity and the Margin of Appreciation", University of Oslo, Oslo.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (10-4-2015). Resilience or Resignation? National Parliaments and the EU, Lecture, London School of Economics, London.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (26-3-2015). Lecture, "Review of the Review", University of Liverpool.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (22-1-2015). Comparative Aspects of the Early Warning Mechanism and the Scrutiny of the Principle of Subsidiarity by National Parliaments, University of Stockholm, Stockholm.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (21-1-2015). Comparative Aspects of the Early Warning Mechanism and the Scrutiny of the Principle of Subsidiarity by National Parliaments: the Netherlands, Conference on Subsidiarity, Swedish Riksdag Committee.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (7-1-2015). Wat nu?, Roundtable advies Europees Hof van Justitie over toetreding EU tot het EVRM, RENFORCE, SIM, Netherlands Institute of Human Rights.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (11-12-2014). Internationalization and Europeanization: monism, dualism, pluralism?, Keynote speech and opening lecture, Symposium "Legal Pluralism as Legal Culture", University of Lapland, Lapin Ilyopisto.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (28-8-2014). Constitutionalism between ECJ and national constitutional courts after Melloni, ERC Conference "Assessing the EU’s Responsiveness to Constitutional Rights", University of Kent, Canterbury.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (21-7-2014). National parliaments within the composite European constitutional order, Summer School on Parliamentary Democracy in Europe, The Europeanisation of national parliaments, LUISS Guido Carli, Rome, opening lecture.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (speaker) (3-7-2014). Commentator on 3 papers in Master Class, Ius Commune PhD School, Amsterdam.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (speaker) (22-5-2014). Commentator to Adriaan Bedner, 'The Indonesian Ombudsman: Fitting a New Institution into an Old Tradition', NIAS Workshop "Law and Justice in Asia: Transitions and Challenges", Wassenaar.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (speaker) (14-5-2014). Inleiding van debat met Ulli Jessurun, Wim Voermans, Drie-in-de-pan: EU-soevereiniteit-monarchieën, Amsterdam, Spui25.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (speaker) (5-5-2014). Commentator on 6 papers in Master Class, EUI Law PhD Workshop, European University Institute, Florence.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (12-2-2014). Comparing Italy and the Netherlands: some remarks on constitutional orders in Europe, Universiteit Utrecht, Utrecht.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (speaker) (22-11-2013). Discussant of paper Colliding visions of representation and participation, Beate Kohler-Koch, ACELG Third Annual Conference ‘Postnational Democracy: Beyond Representation in the EU’, UvA Amsterdam.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (speaker) (14-10-2013). Discussing Gianluigi Palombella's The Rule of Law as an Institutional Ideal, Paul Scholten Instituut, UvA Amsterdam.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (7-10-2013). Why Constitutional Identity?, Faculty Seminar, Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Oslo, Oslo.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (3-10-2013). Should the European Union Ratify the European Convention for Human Rights? the Relations between the European Court of Human Rights and the European Court of Justice, Seminar The European Court of Human Rights in a National, European and Global Context, Middle Temple - London.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (3-7-2013). The Odd One Out? Constitutional Review in the Netherlands, The Society of Legal Scholars Annual Seminar 2013, Changing Landscape – Comparative Reflections on Rights-Based Constitutional Review, Dublin.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (22-5-2013). The Composite Constitutional Order of Europe: a new Paradigm?, Dottorato Di Ricerca In Diritto Pubblico (Coordinatore Prof. Paolo Ridola) Lezioni 2012 – 2013 “L’organizzazione Dei Pubblici Poteri”, Universitá La Sapienza.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (17-4-2013). Constitutional identity: the meaning of Art 4(2) EU and its varying impact in Europe's constitutional traditions, conference, Constitutional Identity – Nordic Concerns., Turku Finland.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (8-4-2013). Democracy in the Composite European Constitutional Order: Some Reflections from the Perspective of Comparative Constitutional Law, Faculty Seminar, Faculty of Law, University of Helsinki.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (21-3-2013). Does EU law recognize legal limits to integration?, The EU between “an ever closer union” and inalienable policy domains of Member States. International Symposium, University of Saarland/European Academy, Otzenhausen.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (20-2-2013). The conceptualisation of Europe’s composite Constitution: what it does and does not explain, European and National Constitutional Law Project- EuNaCon. Closing Conference, 20-21 Febr 2013, Maastricht.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (14-11-2012). ‘Parameters of Constitutional Development’, Presentation at Roundtable conference: 'The European Union and the crisis: Amending or just completing the Lisbon Treaty?' [with Miguel Poiares Maduro, Francis Jacobs and A.M. McDonnell], International Conference 'The Lisbon Treaty: A quasi-constitutional framework to be revised?', Faculty of Law, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italië.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (14-9-2012). The influence of globalization on the role of courts in constitutional adjudication, Workshop ‘From Constitutional Dialogue to Constitutional Regulation: 'Staatsrecht in a globalizing world’, University of Tilburg, Tilburg.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (31-5-2012). Rapporteur général, Protection of Fundamental Rights post-Lisbon: Interaction between the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, the European Convention on Human Rights and National Constitutions (Introductions, Discussant, and Report on group sessions), Fédération Internationale de Droit Européen, Tallin, Estonia.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (31-5-2012). Respecting constitutional identity in the composite European constitutional order, Elsa Estonia, Tallin, Estonia.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (speaker) (24-5-2012). De toetreding EU tot EVRM: een burgerperspectief, Onderzoeksmiddag Departement Rechten, Universiteit Utrecht, Utrecht.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (10-5-2012). Multiple Political Identities: the Maximum Standard Revisited, Conference “Citizenship and Solidarity in the European Union: from the Charter of Fundamental Rights to the Crisis, the state of the art”, Law School, Universidad do Minho, Braga, Portugal.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (speaker) (8-5-2012). Constitutional relations in Europe: some recent case law, Lezing ACELG, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (24-3-2012). Diversifying Europe's democracy: An interdisciplinary approach to the post-Lisbon functions of national parliaments. Introduction, chair and discussant., Conference of European Studies, Boston (Mass.).
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (30-1-2012). The ECHR as a part of EU law: how will the EU legal system change after the accession?, EU Accession to the European Convention of Human Rights - Latest Developments, ERA Academy of European Law, Brussels.
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (invited speaker) (30-1-2012). Will EU citizens’ rights be better protected after the accession?, EU Accession to the European Convention of Human Rights - Latest Developments, Brussels.

    Andere

    • van Leeuwen, C. W. (organiser), Besselink, L. F. M. (organiser) & Rasmussen, M. (organiser) (26-6-2014). Settling the supremacy of European law? Interdisciplinary perspectives on 50 years Costa/ENEL, Amsterdam, Trippenhuis, Amsterdam (organising a conference, workshop, ...).
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (other) (2014). Lid visitatiecommissie Mid-term Review, University of Maastricht (other).
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (other) (2014). Redactieraad, Nederlands Tijschrift voor Kerk en Recht (other).
    • Besselink, L. F. M. (organiser) (28-11-2013 - 29-11-2013). Ius Commune Conference 2013, Maastricht. Workshop Constitutional Processes: the Interaction between the National and European Dimension (organising a conference, workshop, ...).

    2018

    2015

    • Walkila, S. (2015). Horizontal Effect of Fundamental Rights in the EU Law: Contributing To 'The Primacy, Unity and Effectiveness of European Union Law. Europa Law Publishing.

    2012

    • van Mourik, B. (2012). Parlementaire controle op Europese besluitvorming: Een rechtsvergelijkend onderzoek naar mandaatsystemen en parlementaire behandelsvoorbehouden. Wolf Legal Publishers (WLP).

    2011

    • Jancic, D. (2011). National Parliaments and European Constitutionalism: Accountability Beyond Borders.

    2009

    • Tappeiner, I. (2009). Orde in de Unie: Informatie-uitwisseling en bescherming van de privacy bij grensoverschrijdende openbare-ordehandhaving in de Europese Unie. Box Press.

    2006

    • Negussie, S. (2006). Fiscal federalism in the Ethiopian ethnic-baes federal system. Wolf Legal Publishers.

    2005

    • Fiseha, A. (2005). Federalism and the accommodation of diversity in Ethiopia.

    2002

    • Mendelts, P. (2002). Interpretatie van grondrechten: grondrechtenclaims en verschuivingen in de reikwijdte van grondrechten.

    2000

    • Bosma, H. (2000). Freedom of Expression in England and under the ECHR: in Search of a Common Ground.

    2016

    • Besselink, L. (2016). The Bite, the Bark and Howl: Article 7 TEU and The Rule of Law Initiatives. (Amsterdam Centre for European Law and Governance research paper; No. 2016-01). Amsterdam Centre for European Law and Governance, University of Amsterdam. http://ssrn.com/abstract=2715943 [details]
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  • Nevenwerkzaamheden
    • LUISS
      onderwijs
    • Stichting Dag van de Bedreigde Advocaat
      Lid comité van aanbeveling
    • Stichting Hofjes Codde en Van Beresteijn
      Bestuurslid
    • LUISS Rome
      Onderwijs