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Prof. dr. ir. F.T. (Franciska) de Vries

Professor of Earth Surface Science
Faculteit der Natuurwetenschappen, Wiskunde en Informatica
Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics
Fotograaf: Victor van Velzen

  • Science Park 904
  • Kamernummer: C3.220
  • Postbus 94240
    1090 GE Amsterdam
  • Profiel

    My research focuses on how plants interact with soil organisms, how these interactions respond to global change, and what the consequences are for ecosystem functioning. Plants interact with soil organisms, in particular soil microbes, through a variety of mechanisms: they modify the soil environment through their litter inputs and through altering soil nutrient and moisture contents, but they also interact directy with soil organisms throuhg their roots and root exudates. I like to mechanistically unravel those mechanisms and assess their importance for ecosystem functioning in real-world ecosystems, with a particular focus on carbon and nitrogen cycling.

    I am doing this research together with my team and my colleagues, and with numerous external collaborators and stakeholders - science is a team effort! I also engage in broader societal discussions around sustainability and nature conservation, and I very much enjoy writing about a variety of topics. 

    I lead the Plant-Soil Ecology lab group - you can find more about who we are an what we do on our website.

    In addition to my research, I am passionate about instilling an appreciation of soils in the wider public, and about training the next generation of grounded soil scientists who will tackle our grand challenges of sustainable food production, conserving biodiversity, and climate mitigation and adaptation.

    I am also a strong proponent of diversity, equity, and transparency in academia and STEM. I blog about these issues, about my science, and about academia in general. 

    For my full profile, have a look at the English version of this page.


  • Publicaties




    • Guerra, C. A., Bardgett, R. D., Caon, L., Crowther, T. W., Delgado-Baquerizo, M., Montanarella, L., Navarro, L. M., Orgiazzi, A., Singh, B. K., Tedersoo, L., Vargas-Rojas, R., Briones, M. J. I., Buscot, F., Cameron, E. K., Cesarz, S., Chatzinotas, A., Cowan, D. A., Djukic, I., van den Hoogen, J., ... Eisenhauer, N. (2021). Tracking, targeting, and conserving soil biodiversity. Science, 371(6526), 239-241. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abd7926 [details]


    • de Vries, F. T., Griffiths, R. I., Knight, C. G., Nicolitch, O., & Williams, A. (2020). Harnessing rhizosphere microbiomes for drought-resilient crop production. Science, 368(6488), 270-274. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaz5192 [details]


    • Gao, C., Bezemer, T. M., de Vries, F. T., & van Bodegom, P. M. (2024). Trade-offs in soil microbial functions and soil health in agroecosystems. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2024.05.013
    • Gliesch, M., Hinojosa Sanchez, L., Jongepier, E., Martin, C., Hu, Y., Tietema, A., & de Vries, F. T. (2024). Heathland management affects soil response to drought. Journal of Applied Ecology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.14641
    • He, X., Wang, D., Jiang, Y., Li, M., Delgado-Baquerizo, M., McLaughlin, C., Marcon, C., Guo, L., Baer, M., Moya, Y. A. T., von Wirén, N., Deichmann, M., Schaaf, G., Piepho, H. P., Yang, Z., Yang, J., Yim, B., Smalla, K., Goormachtig, S., ... Yu, P. (2024). Heritable microbiome variation is correlated with source environment in locally adapted maize varieties. Nature Plants. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41477-024-01654-7
    • Lavallee, J. M., Chomel, M., Alvarez Segura, N., de Castro, F., Goodall, T., Magilton, M., Rhymes, J. M., Delgado-Baquerizo, M., Griffiths, R. I., Baggs, E. M., Caruso, T., de Vries, F. T., Emmerson, M., Johnson, D., & Bardgett, R. D. (2024). Land management shapes drought responses of dominant soil microbial taxa across grasslands. Nature Communications, 15, Article 29. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-023-43864-1
    • Neyret, M., Le Provost, G., Boesing, A. L., Schneider, F. D., Baulechner, D., Bergmann, J., de Vries, F. T., Fiore-Donno, A. M., Geisen, S., Goldmann, K., Merges, A., Saifutdinov, R. A., Simons, N. K., Tobias, J. A., Zaitsev, A. S., Gossner, M. M., Jung, K., Kandeler, E., Krauss, J., ... Manning, P. (2024). A slow-fast trait continuum at the whole community level in relation to land-use intensification. Nature Communications, 15(1), 1251. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-024-45113-5





    • Phillips, H. R. P., Guerra, C. A., Bartz, M. L. C., Briones, J. I., Brown, G., Crowther, T. W., Ferlian, O., Gongalsky, K. B., van den Hoogen, J., Krebs, J., Orgiazzi, A., Routh, D., Schwarz, B., Bach, E. M., Bennett, J., Brose, U., Decaens, T., Konig-Ries, B., Loreau, M., ... Eisenhauer, N. (2020). Erratum for the Report “Global distribution of earthworm diversity”. Science, 369(6503). https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abd9834
    • Thakur, M. P., Phillips, H. R. P., Brose, U., De Vries, F. T., Lavelle, P., Loreau, M., Mathieu, J., Mulder, C., Van der Putten, W. H., Rillig, M. C., Wardle, D. A., Bach, E. M., Bartz, M. L. C., Bennett, J. M., Briones, M. J. I., Brown, G., Decaëns, T., Eisenhauer, N., Ferlian, O., ... Cameron, E. K. (2020). Towards an integrative understanding of soil biodiversity. Biological Reviews, 95(2), 350-364. https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12567
    • Thomas, H. J. D., Bjorkman, A. D., Soudzilovskaia, N. A., de Vries, F. T., & Tundra Trait Team (2020). Global plant trait relationships extend to the climatic extremes of the tundra biome. Nature Communications, 11, Article 1351. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-15014-4 [details]
    • Williams, A., & de Vries, F. T. (2020). Plant root exudation under drought: implications for ecosystem functioning. New Phytologist, 225(5), 1899-1905. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.16223 [details]
    • de Vries, F. T., Griffiths, R. I., Knight, C. G., Nicolitch, O., & Williams, A. (2020). Harnessing rhizosphere microbiomes for drought-resilient crop production. Science, 368(6488), 270-274. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaz5192 [details]


    • Chomel, M., Lavallee, J. M., Alvarez-Segura, N., de Castro, F., Rhymes, J. M., Caruso, T., de Vries, F. T., Baggs, E. M., Emmerson, M. C., Bardgett, R. D., & Johnson, D. (2019). Drought decreases incorporation of recent plant photosynthate into soil food webs regardless of their trophic complexity. Global Change Biology, 25(10), 3549-3561. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14754 [details]
    • Phillips, H. R. P., De Vries, F. T., & sWorm workshops (2019). Global distribution of earthworm diversity. Science, 366(6464), 480-485. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aax4851 [details]
    • Thomas, H. J. D., Myers-Smith, I. H., Bjorkman, A. D., Elmendorf, S. C., Blok, D., Cornelissen, J. H. C., Forbes, B. C., Hollister, R. D., Normand, S., Prevéy, J. S., Rixen, C., Schaepman-Strub, G., Wilmking, M., Wipf, S., Cornwell, W. K., Kattge, J., Goetz, S. J., Guay, K. C., Alatalo, J. M., ... van Bodegom, P. M. (2019). Traditional plant functional groups explain variation in economic but not size-related traits across the tundra biome. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 28(2), 78-95. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12783
    • Veen, G. F., Wubs, E. R. J., Bardgett, R. D., Barrios, E., Bradford, M. A., Carvalho, S., De Deyn, G. B., de Vries, F. T., Giller, K. E., Kleijn, D., Landis, D. A., Rossing, W. A. H., Schrama, M., Six, J., Struik, P. C., van Gils, S., Wiskerke, J. S. C., van der Putten, W. H., & Vet, L. E. M. (2019). Applying the Aboveground-Belowground Interaction Concept in Agriculture: Spatio-Temporal Scales Matter. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 7, Article 300. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2019.00300 [details]
    • de Vries, F. T., Williams, A., Stringer, F., Willcocks, R., McEwing, R., Langridge, H., & Straathof, A. L. (2019). Changes in root-exudate-induced respiration reveal a novel mechanism through which drought affects ecosystem carbon cycling. New Phytologist, 224(1), 132-145. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.16001 [details]


    • Bjorkman, A. D., Myers-Smith, I. H., Elmendorf, S. C., Normand, S., Ruger, N., Beck, P. S. A., Blach-Overgaard, A., Blok, D., Cornelissen, J. H. C., Forbes, B. C., Georges, D., Goetz, S. J., Guay, K. C., Henry, G. H. R., HilleRisLambers, J., Hollister, R. D., Karger, D. N., Kattge, J., Manning, P., ... Weiher, E. (2018). Plant functional trait change across a warming tundra biome. Nature, 562, 57-62. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0563-7
    • Caruso, T., De Vries, F. T., Bardgett, R. D., & Lehmann, J. (2018). Soil organic carbon dynamics matching ecological equilibrium theory. Ecology and Evolution, 8(22), 11169-11178. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.4586
    • Delgado-Baquerizo, M., Fry, E. L., Eldridge, D. J., de Vries, F. T., Manning, P., Hamonts, K., Kattge, J., Boenisch, G., Singh, B. K., & Bardgett, R. D. (2018). Plant attributes explain the distribution of soil microbial communities in two contrasting regions of the globe. New Phytologist, 219(2), 574-587. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.15161
    • Ramirez, K. S., Knight, C. G., de Hollander, M., Brearley, F. Q., Constantinides, B., Cotton, A., Creer, S., Crowther, T. W., Davison, J., Delgado-Baquerizo, M., Dorrepaal, E., Elliott, D. R., Fox, G., Griffiths, R. I., Hale, C., Hartman, K., Houlden, A., Jones, D. L., Krab, E. J., ... de Vries, F. T. (2018). Detecting macroecological patterns in bacterial communities across independent studies of global soils. Nature Microbiology, 3(2), 189-196. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41564-017-0062-x
    • de Vries, F. T., Griffiths, R. I., Bailey, M., Craig, H., Girlanda, M., Gweon, H. S., Hallin, S., Kaisermann, A., Keith, A. M., Kretzschmar, M., Lemanceau, P., Lumini, E., Mason, K. E., Oliver, A., Ostle, N., Prosser, J. I., Thion, C., Thomson, B., & Bardgett, R. D. (2018). Soil bacterial networks are less stable under drought than fungal networks. Nature Communications, 9, Article 3033. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-05516-7


    • Butler, E. E., Datta, A., Flores-Moreno, H., Chen, M., Wythers, K. R., Fazayeli, F., Banerjee, A., Atkin, O. K., Kattge, J., Amiaud, B., Blonder, B., Boenisch, G., Bond-Lamberty, B., Brown, K. A., Byun, C., Campetella, G., Cerabolini, B. E. L., Cornelissen, J. H. C., Craine, J. M., ... Reich, P. B. (2017). Mapping local and global variability in plant trait distributions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114(51), E10937-E10946. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1708984114
    • Kaisermann, A., de Vries, F. T., Griffiths, R. I., & Bardgett, R. D. (2017). Legacy effects of drought on plant-soil feedbacks and plant-plant interactions. New Phytologist, 215(4), 1413-1424. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.14661
    • de Vries, F. T., & Wallenstein, M. D. (2017). Below-ground connections underlying above-ground food production: a framework for optimising ecological connections in the rhizosphere. Journal of Ecology, 105(4), 913-920. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12783


    • Griffiths, B. S., Römbke, J., Schmelz, R. M., Scheffczyk, A., Faber, J. H., Bloem, J., Peres, G., Cluzeau, D., Chabbi, A., Suhadolc, M., Sousa, J. P., Martins da Silva, P., Carvalho, F., Mendes, S., Morais, P., Francisco, R., Pereira, C., Bonkowski, M., Geisen, S., ... Stone, D. (2016). Selecting cost effective and policy-relevant biological indicators for European monitoring of soil biodiversity and ecosystem function. Ecological Indicators, 69, 213-223. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.04.023
    • Thion, C. E., Poirel, J. D., Cornulier, T., De Vries, F. T., Bardgett, R. D., & Prosser, J. I. (2016). Plant nitrogen-use strategy as a driver of rhizosphere archaeal and bacterial ammonia oxidiser abundance. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 92(7). https://doi.org/10.1093/femsec/fiw091
    • de Vries, F. T., & Bardgett, R. D. (2016). Plant community controls on short-term ecosystem nitrogen retention. New Phytologist, 210(3), 861-874. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.13832
    • de Vries, F. T., & Caruso, T. (2016). Eating from the same plate? Revisiting the role of labile carbon inputs in the soil food web. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 102, 4-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2016.06.023
    • de Vries, F. T., Brown, C., & Stevens, C. J. (2016). Grassland species root response to drought: consequences for soil carbon and nitrogen availability. Plant and Soil, 409(1-2), 297-312. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-016-2964-4


    • De Vries, F. T., Jorgensen, H. B., Hedlund, K., & Bardgett, R. D. (2015). Disentangling plant and soil microbial controls on carbon and nitrogen loss in grassland mesocosms. Journal of Ecology, 103(3), 629-640. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12383
    • Manning, P., de Vries, F. T., Tallowin, J. R. B., Smith, R., Mortimer, S. R., Pilgrim, E. S., Harrison, K. A., Wright, D. G., Quirk, H., Benson, J., Shipley, B., Cornelissen, J. H. C., Kattge, J., Boenisch, G., Wirth, C., & Bardgett, R. D. (2015). Simple measures of climate, soil properties and plant traits predict national-scale grassland soil carbon stocks. Journal of Applied Ecology, 52(5), 1188-1196. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.12478
    • Ramirez, K. S., Döring, M., Eisenhauer, N., Gardi, C., Ladau, J., Leff, J. W., Lentendu, G., Lindo, Z., Rillig, M. C., Russell, D., Scheu, S., St. John, M. G., de Vries, F. T., Wubet, T., van der Putten, W. H., & Wall, D. H. (2015). Towards a global platform for linking soil biodiversity data. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 3, Article 91. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2015.00091
    • Tsiafouli, M. A., Thebault, E., Sgardelis, S. P., de Ruiter, P. C., van der Putten, W. H., Birkhofer, K., Hemerik, L., de Vries, F. T., Bardgett, R. D., Brady, M. V., Bjornlund, L., Jorgensen, H. B., Christensen, S., D' Hertefeldt, T., Hotes, S., Hol, W. H. G., Frouz, J., Liiri, M., Mortimer, S. R., ... Hedlund, K. (2015). Intensive agriculture reduces soil biodiversity across Europe. Global Change Biology, 21(2), 973-985. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12752


    • Bardgett, R. D., Mommer, L., & De Vries, F. T. (2014). Going underground: root traits as drivers of ecosystem processes. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 29(12), 692-699.
    • Setala, H., Bardgett, R. D., Birkhofer, K., Brady, M., Byrne, L., de Ruiter, P. C., de Vries, F. T., Gardi, C., Hedlund, K., Hemerik, L., Hotes, S., Liiri, M., Mortimer, S. R., Pavao-Zuckerman, M., Pouyat, R., Tsiafouli, M., & van der Putten, W. H. (2014). Urban and agricultural soils: conflicts and trade-offs in the optimization of ecosystem services. Urban Ecosystems, 17(1), 239-253. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11252-013-0311-6


    • Bardgett, R. D., Manning, P., Morriën, E., & de Vries, F. T. (2013). Hierarchical responses of plant soil interactions to climate change: consequences for the global carbon cycle. Journal of Ecology, 101(2), 334-343. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12043
    • de Vries, F. T., & Shade, A. (2013). Controls on soil microbial community stability under climate change. Frontiers in Microbiology, 4. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2013.00265
    • de Vries, F. T., Thebault, E., Liiri, M., Birkhofer, K., Tsiafouli, M. A., Bjornlund, L., Jorgensen, H. B., Brady, M. V., Christensen, S., de Ruiter, P. C., d'Hertefeldt, T., Frouz, J., Hedlund, K., Hemerik, L., Hol, W. H. G., Hotes, S., Mortimer, S. R., Setala, H., Sgardelis, S. P., ... Bardgett, R. D. (2013). Soil food web properties explain ecosystem services across European land use systems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(35), 14296-14301. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1305198110


    • Thiele-Bruhn, S., Bloem, J., de Vries, F. T., Kalbitz, K., & Wagg, C. (2012). Linking soil biodiversity and agricultural soil management. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 4(5), 523-528. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2012.06.004 [details]
    • de Vries, F. T., & Bardgett, R. D. (2012). Plant-microbial linkages and ecosystem nitrogen retention: lessons for sustainable agriculture. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 10(8), 425-432. https://doi.org/10.1890/110162
    • de Vries, F. T., Bloem, J., Quirk, H., Stevens, C. J., Bol, R., & Bardgett, R. D. (2012). Extensive management promotes plant and microbial nitrogen retention in temperate grassland. PLoS ONE, 7(12), e51201. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0051201
    • de Vries, F. T., Liiri, M. E., Bjornlund, L., Bowker, M. A., Christensen, S., Setala, H. M., & Bardgett, R. D. (2012). Land use alters the resistance and resilience of soil food webs to drought. Nature Climate Change, 2(4), 276-280. https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate1368
    • de Vries, F. T., Liiri, M. E., Bjornlund, L., Setala, H. M., Christensen, S., & Bardgett, R. D. (2012). Legacy effects of drought on plant growth and the soil food web. Oecologia, 170(3), 821-833. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-012-2331-y
    • de Vries, F. T., Manning, P., Tallowin, J. R. B., Mortimer, S. R., Pilgrim, E. S., Harrison, K. A., Hobbs, P. J., Quirk, H., Shipley, B., Cornelissen, J. H. C., Kattge, J., & Bardgett, R. D. (2012). Abiotic drivers and plant traits explain landscape-scale patterns in soil microbial communities. Ecology Letters, 15(11), 1230-1239. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2012.01844.x


    • de Vries, FT., van Groenigen, JW., Hoffland, E., & Bloem, J. (2011). Nitrogen losses from two grassland soils with different fungal biomass. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 43(5), 997-1005. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2011.01.016


    • de Vries, F., Baath, E., Kuyper, TW., & Bloem, J. (2009). High turnover of fungal hyphae in incubation experiments. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 67(3), 389-396. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6941.2008.00643.x
    • van Eekeren, N., van Liere, D., de Vries, F., Rutgers, M., de Goede, R., & Brussaard, L. (2009). A mixture of grass and clover combines the positive effects of both plant species on selected soil biota. Applied Soil Ecology, 42(3), 254-263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2009.04.006


    • Wijnhoven, S., Leuven, R. S. E. W., Van Der Velde, G., Jungheim, G., Koelemij, E. I., De Vries, F. T., Eijsackers, H. J. P., & Smits, A. J. M. (2007). Heavy-metal concentrations in small mammals from a diffusely polluted floodplain: Importance of species- and location-specific characteristics. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 52(4), 603-613. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-006-0124-1
    • de Vries, FT., Bloem, J., van Eekeren, N., Brusaard, L., & Hoffland, E. (2007). Fungal biomass in pastures increases with age and reduced N input. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 39(7), 1620-1630. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2007.01.013


    • de Vries, FT., Hoffland, E., van Eekeren, N., Brussaard, L., & Bloem, J. (2006). Fungal/bacterial ratios in grasslands with contrasting nitrogen management. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38(8), 2092-2103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.01.008


    • Postma-Blaauw, MB., de Vries, FT., de Goede, RGM., Bloem, J., Faber, JH., & Brussaard, L. (2005). Within-trophic group interactions of bacterivorous nematode species and their effects on the bacterial community and nitrogen mineralization. Oecologia, 142(3), 428-439. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-004-1741-x


    • Olff, H., Aerts, R., Bobbink, R., Cornelissen, J. H. C., Erisman, J. W., Galloway, J. N., Stevens, C. J., Sutton, M. A., de Vries, F. T., Wamelink, G. W. W., & Wardle, D. A. (2022). Explanations for nitrogen decline. Science, 376(6598), 1169-1170. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abq7575 [details]

    Lidmaatschap / relevante positie

    • de Vries, F. (2020). Member of BBSRC Committee E (fellowship proposal assessment committee), BBSRC Committee E.
    • de Vries, F. (2017-2020). Member of the BBSRC Pool of Experts (grant assessment committee), BBSRC Pool of Experts.
    • de Vries, F. (2012). Member of the Grant Review College of the British Ecological Society, Review College of the British Ecological Society.
    • de Vries, F. (2009). Member, British Ecological Society.


    • de Vries, F. (editor) (2020). Ecology Letters (Journal).
    • de Vries, F. (editor) (2019). Soil Organisms (Journal).
    • de Vries, F. (editor) (2014). Oxford Bibliographies (Journal).
    • de Vries, F. (editor) (2013-2020). Journal of Ecology (Journal).
    • de Vries, F. (editor) (2013-2019). Ecosystems (Journal).


    • de Vries, F. (speaker) (2020). Machiavellian microbes: how drought-induced changes in belowground communities can have aboveground consequences, BES Ecology Live Seminar.
    • de Vries, F. (speaker) (2019). Soil C cycling in a changing world: the role of root-microbe interactions, SOM2019 - Soil Organic Matter conference, Adelaide.
    • de Vries, F. (speaker) (2018). Climate change goes underground: How plants modify soil microbial responses to drought, ISME17, Leipzig.


    • de Vries, F. (participant) (2019). Third Global Soil Biodiversity Meeting. Chair of the International Scientific Committee of the Third Global Soil Biodiversity Meeting in 2021 (now 2023) (organising a conference, workshop, ...).



    • Heredia Acuña, C., Semchenko, M. & de Vries, F. (27-9-2023). Root litter decomposition is suppressed in species mixtures and in the presence of living roots. DRYAD. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.6m905qg5r
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      Grant evaluation committe