Dr Jean Wagemans is een filosoof die gespecialiseerd is in retorica, argumentatie en debat. Hij behaalde een MA in de Wijsbegeerte (cum laude, 2001) en een PhD in de Argumentatietheorie (2009) aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en werkt momenteel als senior onderzoeker bij het Amsterdam Centre for Language and Communication (ACLC).
Wagemans is de bedenker van het Periodiek Systeem der Argumenten, een omvattend overzicht van de technieken die mensen gebruiken om anderen van hun standpunt te overtuigen met toepassingen in de formele linguïstiek, computationele argumentatie, rhetoric-checking en explainable artificial intelligence (XAI). Hij neemt deel aan het door RPA Human (e) AI gefinancierd onderzoeksproject Towards an Epistemological and Ethical XAI, het door NWO gefinancierde onderzoeksproject Resistance to Metaphor en de door HORIZON 2020 gefinancierde COST action APPLY – European network for argumentation and public policy analysis. Wagemans is co-auteur van het Handbook of Argumentation Theory (2014) en van Argumentatie en debat (2014). Zijn andere publicaties omvatten wetenschappelijke artikelen, boekrecensies en populariserende columns.
Wagemans is voorzitter pro tem van de Capaciteitsgroep Taalbeheersing, argumentatietheorie en retorica van de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Hij verzorgt colleges over argumentatie op BA, MA en RMA niveau en begeleidt tutorials en scripties. Wagemans verschijnt regelmatig in de media om te praten over zijn onderzoek en om commentaar te geven op de actualiteit. Hij is lid van de redactieraad van het tijdschrift Argumentation en recensent voor Informal Logic, Argument & Computation, Journal of Argumentation in Context en andere wetenschappelijke tijdschriften. Wagemans was mede-organisator van de ISSA 9th International Conference on Argumentation en was lid van de wetenschappelijke panels van ECA 2, ARGAGE 2018, DIS 3 en andere conferenties in het veld.
February 22, 2020
Three Amsterdam philosophers and a programmer have an ambitious plan: to develop an argumentation machine that helps to recognize false reasoning from speeches by Donald Trump or Greta Thunberg, for example. Interview by Maarten van Gestel.
Read the newspaper article (in Dutch).
October 22, 2019
Federica Russo, Jean Wagemans and Federico Gobbo are nominated for receiving the Amsterdam Science & Innovation Award 2019 in the category Alpha / Gamma with their project "KRINO: An AI engine for causal inference and argumentation".
Read more about the KRINO project.
30 maart 2017
Gijs van der Sanden: "Maar als het feitelijk allemaal niet klopt, dan is dat toch pure manipulatie?"
Jean Wagemans: “Dat zou kunnen, maar de verantwoordelijkheid voor het overtuigingsproces ligt ook bij de ontvanger van de boodschap. Zoals de oude Grieken al zeiden: Wie de retorica niet bestudeert, wordt er zelf het slachtoffer van.”
Lees hier het Interview met Jean Wagemans.
September 10, 2018
The website on the Periodic Table of Arguments has been updated. Apart from new example analyses, it now also contains a step-by-step procedure that helps the analyst to recognize specific types of arguments in the wild.
December 9, 2017
You are invited to visit the new website about the Periodic Table of Arguments. It contains a description of the theoretical framework of the table, information on the types of arguments within the four different quadrants, and analyses of concrete examples. Please follow the link below.
May 12, 2017
Wagemans presented the Periodic Table of Arguments in a plenary lecture at the PhiLang 2017 conference in Łódz, addressing an audience of philosophers of language, linguists, and argumentation theorists. After a general explanation of the state-of-the-art in argument classification, he expounded the theoretical framework of the Periodic Table of Arguments, focusing on the characteristics of arguments based on the concept of analogy (and adjacent concepts such as comparison, metaphor, parallel, proportion, similarity, and resemblance).
March 16, 2017
Dutch philosopher Jean Wagemans pleaded for what he coined ’rhetoric-checking’ in a lecture for the interdisciplinary student society Kairos. According to Wagemans, fact-checking is very useful, but it only produces information about the truth of statements and not about their relevance. Moreover, fact-checking does not apply to propositions of value nor to propositions of policy, both of which play an important role in politics and the public debate. After having explained a method for rhetoric-checking, Wagemans performed a rhetoric-check of statements taken from campaign ads and speech fragments of Joe the Plumber and Donald Trump.
October 20, 2016
Wagemans contributed to a documentary on the Dutch Ukraine–European Union Association Agreement referendum by giving his expert opinion on the role of rhetoric in the public debate preceding the referendum. The documentary was made by Misja Pekel and Judith Konijn and was broadcasted on Dutch national television.
August 22, 2016
On the occasion of the start of the talk show season on Dutch national television Wagemans was invited to analyze rhetorical manoeuvres in an exemplary talk show debate broadcasted during the previous season. The infamous debate was about the question whether soccer clubs should take measurements to prevent young players of Moroccan origine from joining the club. Wagemans' comments were incorporated in an article written by Haro Kraak that was published in the Dutch newspaper De Volkskrant.
Read the newspaper article (in Dutch).
April 27, 2016
Dutch philosopher Jean H.M. Wagemans of the University of Amsterdam presented his Periodic Table of Arguments on a conference on argumentation and rhetoric in Postira (Croatia) that was held last week. The table is an attempt to integrate philosophical (dialectical) and rhetorical accounts of the types of argument into a new standard model of argument.
Wagemans chose the Days of Ivo Škarić International Conference on Rhetoric to be the first occasion to present his Periodic Table of Arguments. “It is one of the most important and enjoyable conferences in the field. Because of the relatively small size and the great hospitality of the organizers, there is ample opportunity to discuss your findings at length with a group of top scholars”.
According to Wagemans, who has been working on the project for almost two years, the age-old antagonism between philosophy and rhetoric is reflected in the present-day field of argumentation theory: “Scholars working from a dialectical perspective tend to adhere to a strict division between reasonable arguments and fallacies. But since fallacies may be very effective, rhetoricians do not hesitate to include them in their accounts of the means of persuasion. As a result, there is a great divide between dialectical and rhetorical accounts of the types of arguments.”
Apart from narrowing the gap between philosophy and rhetoric, creating a Periodic Table of Arguments addresses another vexing problem in the field of argumentation theory. “Some scholars say that there are 63 types of arguments, others say 300, and yet others stick to only 3 different types. Now one may state that this is unproblematic since in the humanities, contrary to the situation in the sciences, it is always a positive thing to have such a wide variety of opinions. But I don’t buy that.” According to Wagemans, who studied physics and astronomy before switching to philosophy, any account of the types of argument should be based on clear and explicit theoretical starting points. “Only in this case, our elaborate analyses and evaluations of argumentative discourse can be compared to one another.”
The construction of the Periodic Table of Arguments has already generated several interesting hypotheses concerning the nature of arguments. “It appears to be the case that fallacies and several rhetorical means of persuasion can be reconstructed as second-order arguments. The periodicity of the table makes it easier to detect all kinds of differences and commonalities between the types of argument. I expect the table to generate a lot of interesting new research, not only theoretical but also empirical and computational research.”
As was pointed out by one of the attendants of the conference, the Periodic Table of Arguments may also be used for educational purposes. At the moment, Wagemans is working on a book on the table and its applications. “It sure is a lot of work, but I really enjoy writing it. The Periodic Table of Elements wasn’t created in one day either. So if you have any comments or questions, please drop me a line!”