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Dr. M. (Martijn) Icks

Faculty of Humanities
Capaciteitsgroep Geschiedenis

Visiting address
  • Kloveniersburgwal 48
  • Room number: D0.08
Postal address
  • Postbus 1610
    1000 BP Amsterdam
Contact details
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  • Publications



    • Hagen, E., & Icks, M. (2021). Inleiding: Karaktermoord is een tijdloos wapen. Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis, 134(2), 187-200. [details]
    • Icks, M. (Guest ed.), & Hagen, E. (Guest ed.) (2021). Themanummer Karaktermoord en media. Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis, 134(2), 187-302.


    • Icks, M. (2020). Agrippina, Theodora and Fredegund as Evil Empresses in the Historiographic Tradition. In S. A. Samoilenko, M. Icks, J. Keohane, & E. Shiraev (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Character Assassination and Reputation Management (pp. 183-195). (Routledge International Handbooks). Routledge. [details]
    • Icks, M. (2020). Keeping up appearances: Evaluations of imperial (in)visibility in Late Antiquity. In E. Manders, & D. Slootjes (Eds.), Leadership, Ideology and Crowds in the Roman Empire of the Fourth Century AD (pp. 163-179). (Heidelberger althistorische Beiträge und epigraphische Studien (HABES); Vol. 62). Franz Steiner Verlag. [details]
    • Icks, M. (2020). Kept in the dark: Narratives of imperial seclusion in Late Antiquity. In K. Choda, M. S. de Leeuw, & F. Schulz (Eds.), Gaining and Losing Imperial Favour in Late Antiquity: Representation and Reality (pp. 173-192). (Impact of Empire; Vol. 36). Brill. [details]
    • Icks, M. (2020). Romeinse politieke cultuur door de eeuwen heen [Bespreking van: L.E. Tacoma (2020) Roman Political Culture : Seven studies of the Senate and City Councils of Italy from the First to the Sixth Century AD]. Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis, 133, 734-735.
    • Icks, M. (2020). The Oriental empresses of Rome: Severan women in literature and the performative arts. In F. Carlà-Uhink, & A. Wieber (Eds.), Orientalism and the Reception of Powerful Women from the Ancient World (pp. 129-141). Bloomsbury Academic.
    • Icks, M. (2020). Three usurpers in Rome: The Urbs Aeterna in the representation of Maxentius, Nepotian and Priscus Attalus. Studies in Late Antiquity, 4(1), 4-43.
    • Icks, M., & Shiraev, E. (2020). Character assassination and scandalogy: How and why character attacks cause scandals. In A. Haller, & H. Michael (Eds.), Scandalogy 2: Cultures of Scandals - Scandals in Culture (pp. 104-123). Halem.
    • Icks, M., Shiraev, E., Keohane, J., & Samoilenko, S. A. (2020). Character assassination: Theoretical framework. In S. A. Samoilenko, M. Icks, J. Keohane, & E. Shiraev (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Character Assassination and Reputation Management (pp. 11-24). (Routledge International Handbooks). Routledge. [details]
    • Samoilenko, S. A., Icks, M., Keohane, J., & Shiraev, E. (Eds.) (2020). The Routledge Handbook of Character Assassination and Reputation Management. Routledge. [details]


    • Icks, M. (2019). [Review of: T.C. Brennan (2018) Sabina Augusta: An Imperial Journey]. Classical Philology, 114, 541-544.
    • Icks, M., & Shiraev, E. (2019). Character assassination in ancient Rome: Defamation in Cicero’s First Catilinarian Oration from a historical-psychological perspective. The Journal of Psychohistory, 46(4), 270-289. [details]
    • Icks, M., Jussen, D., & Manders, E. (2019). Generaals in de groei: De militaire representatie van de kindkeizers Gratianus en Honorius op munten en in lofdichten. Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis, 132, 541-558.


    • Icks, M. (2018). [Review of: F. Sittig (2018) Psychopathen in Purpur. Julisch-claudischer Caesarenwahnsinn und die Konstruktion historischer Realität]. Bonner Jahrbücher des Rheinischen Landesmuseums in Bonn ..., 218, 470-474.
    • Samoilenko, S., Shiraev, E., Keohane, J., & Icks, M. (2018). Character assassination (general). In A. Ledeneva (Ed.), The Global Encyclopaedia of Informality: Understanding Social and Cultural Complexity (Vol. 2, pp. 441-446). (Fringe). London: UCL Press., [details]



    • Icks, M. (2016). Great pretenders: Elevations of 'good' usurpers in Roman historiography. In H. Börm, M. Mattheis, & J. Wienand (Eds.), Civil war in ancient Greece and Rome: Contexts of disintegration and reintegration (pp. 303-320). (Heidelberger althistorische Beiträge und epigraphische Studien; Vol. 58). Franz Steiner Verlag. [details]
    • Icks, M. (2016). [Review of: B. Schöpe (2014) Der römische Kaiserhof in severischer Zeit (193-235 n. Chr.)]. Historische Zeitschrift, 302(3), 775-776. [details]


    • Icks, M. (2015). Archäologisches Landesmuseum Baden-Württemberg (ed.), Caracalla. Kaiser Tyrann Feldherr. Klio. Beiträge zur alten Geschichte, 97(2), 821-824.
    • Icks, M. (2015). The depraved devotion of Elagabalus: Images of the priest-emperor in the visual and performing arts. In F. Carlà, & I. Berti (Eds.), Ancient Magic and the Supernatural in the Visual and Performing Arts (pp. 211-224). Bloomsbury Academic.


    • Icks, M. (2014). Creating tyrants in ancient Rome: Character assassination and imperial investiture. In M. Icks, & E. Shiraev (Eds.), Character Assassination throughout the Ages (pp. 83-100). Palgrave Macmillan.
    • Icks, M. (2014). De triomf van de tiran: Triumphi als kritiekmiddel in Romeinse literatuur. Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis , 127(1), 1-19.
    • Icks, M. (2014). The inadequate heirs of Theodosius: Ancestry, merit and divine blessing in the representation of Arcadius and Honorius. Millennium. Jahrbuch zu Kultur und Geschichte des ersten Jahrtausends n. Chr., 11(1), 69-99.
    • Icks, M., & Shiraev, E. (Eds.) (2014). Character Assassination throughout the Ages. Palgrave Macmillan.


    • Icks, M. (2013). Book Review: Christian Bechtold, Gott und Gestirn als Präsenzformen des toten Kaisers. Apotheose und Katasterismos in der politischen Kommunikation der römischen Kaiserzeit und ihre Anknüpfungspunkte im Hellenismus (V&R Unipress: Göttingen 2011). Klio. Beiträge zur alten Geschichte, 95, 249-250.
    • Icks, M. (2013). Book Review: Clifford Ando, Imperial Rome AD 193 to 284: The Critical Century (Edinburgh University Press: Edinburgh 2012). Sehepunkte.


    • Icks, M. (2012). Bad emperors on the rise: Negative assessments of imperial investitures, AD 284-395. Klio. Beiträge zur alten Geschichte, 94, 462-481.


    • Icks, M. (2011). The Crimes of Elagabalus: The Life and Legacy of Rome's Decadent Boy Emperor. I.B. Tauris.
    • Icks, M. (2011). Elevating the unworthy emperor: Ritual failure in Roman historiography. In A. Chaniotis (Ed.), Ritual Dynamics in the Ancient Mediterranean (pp. 347-376). Franz Steiner Verlag.


    • Icks, M. (2010). Book Review: Leonardo de Arrizabalaga y Prado, The Emperor Elagabalus: Fact or Fiction? (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge 2010). Sehepunkte.
    • Icks, M. (2010). From priest to emperor to priest-emperor: The failed legitimation of Elagabalus. In A. Turner, J. Chong-Gossard, & F. Vervaet (Eds.), Private and Public Lies (pp. 331-341). Brill.


    • Icks, M. (2009). Empire of the Sun?: Civic responses to the rise and fall of Sol Elagabal in the Roman Empire. In O. Hekster, S. Schmidt-Hofner, & C. Witschel (Eds.), Ritual Dynamics and Religious Change in the Roman Empire (pp. 111-120). Brill.
    • Icks, M. (2009). L'Agonie versus De berg van licht: Beelden van Heliogabalus bij Couperus en Lombard. Arabesken : Tijdschrift van het Louis Couperus Genootschap, 17(33), 14-27.


    • Icks, M. (2008). Book Review: Jan de Hond, Verlangen naar het Oosten. Oriëntalisme in de Nederlandse cultuur, ca. 1800-1920 (Primavera Pers: Leiden 2008). Ex Tempore, 28(2), 178-180.
    • Icks, M. (2008). Heliogabalus, a monster on the Roman throne: The literary construction of a "bad" emperor. In I. Sluiter, & R. Rosen (Eds.), KAKOS (pp. 477-488). Brill.


    • Icks, M. (2007). "Niet te vrouwelijk, niet te mannelijk": Keizer Heliogabalus als androgyne icoon in het fin-de-siècle. Geschiedenis der Geneeskunde, 12, 4-10.


    • Icks, M. (2006). Priesthood and imperial power: The religious reforms of Heliogabalus, 220-222 AD. In L. de Blois, P. Funke, & J. Hahn (Eds.), The Impact of Imperial Rome on Religions, Ritual and Religious Life in the Roman Empire (pp. 169-178). Brill.


    • Icks, M. (2004). Heliogabalus: Dienaar van Elagabal, heerser van Rome. Lampas, 37, 347-362.


    • Icks, M. (2002). Komt dat zien: geschiedenis in Nijmegen: De toeristisch-historische beeldvorming van Nijmegen vόόr en na de Tweede Wereldoorlog. Ex Tempore, 21(3), 152-164.


    • Icks, M. (2007). De Valse Antoninus: Beeld en werkelijkheid van Heliogabalus in de oudheid. Kleio. Tijdschrift voor oude talen en antieke cultuur, 36(4), 176-188.


    • Icks, M. (2004). Image-building in het oude Rome: Een tweeduizend jaar oude zeepbel. Kleio. Tijdschrift van de Vereniging van Docenten in Geschiedenis en Staatsinrichting in Nederland, 45(1), 22-26.


    • Icks, M. (2002). Roma Aeterna?: Het tijdsbesef van Polybios en Livius. Kleio. Tijdschrift voor oude talen en antieke cultuur, 32(1), 29-38.
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  • Ancillary activities
    • No ancillary activities