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dr. B.T. (Bastiaan) Rutjens

Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences
Programme group Social Psychology
Photographer: UvA

Visiting address
  • Nieuwe Achtergracht 129
  • Room number: 2.31
Postal address
  • Postbus 15900
    1001 NK Amsterdam
Contact details
  • Bastiaan Rutjens

    I am an assistant professor at the psychology department of the University of Amsterdam. My main research interest is the psychology of science. From 2014-2017, my research was funded by the AXA Research Fund. From 2020-2025, my research is funded by an ERC starting grant. Besides individual thesis supervision, I teach the courses "Applying Research Methods" (Social Psychology Master programs) and "Cultural Psychology" (PPLE bachelor program).


    Please visit my personal research website for the latest news and updates:

    Bastiaan Rutjens

  • Publication list

    2019 and in press/in prep

    Rutjens, B. T., & van der Lee, R. Spiritual skepticism? Heterogeneous science skepticism in the Netherlands. [preprint]

    Rutjens, B. T., & Preston, J. L. Science and religion: A rocky relationship shaped by shared psychological functions. In Vail, K., & Routledge, C. (Eds.) The science of religion, spirituality, and existentialism. Elsevier: Academic Press. [link]

    Storm, I., Rutjens, B. T., & van Harreveld, F. Personal experience or cultural tradition: The difference between christian identity in the Netherlands and Denmark. Religion, Brain & Behavior, in press.

    Van Elk, M., Maij, D., & Rutjens, B. T. Development of a Porous Theory of Mind scale and the relation with paranormal beliefs. Journal of Cognition and Culture, in press.

    Fetterman, A. K., Rutjens, B. T., Wilkowski, B. M., & Landkammer, F. (2019). On post-apocalyptic & doomsday prepping beliefs: A new measure, its correlates, and the motivation to prep. European Journal of Personality, 33, 506-525. [link]

    McPhetres, J., Rutjens, B.T., Weinstein, N., & Brisson, J.A. (2019). Modifying attitudes about modified foods: increased knowledge leads to more positive attitudes. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 64, 21-29. [link]

    2018

    Rutjens, B. T., & Brandt, M. J. (2018). Belief systems and the perception of reality: An introduction. In B.T. Rutjens & M.J. Brandt (Eds.). Belief systems and the perception of reality. Oxon, UK: Routledge. [link]

    Sutton, R. M., Petterson, A., & Rutjens, B. T. (2018). Post-truth, anti-truth, and can’t-handle-the-truth: How responses to science are shaped by concerns about its impact. In B.T. Rutjens & M.J. Brandt (Eds.). Belief systems and the perception of reality. Oxon, UK: Routledge. [link]

    Rutjens, B. T., Sutton, R. M., & van der Lee, R. (2018). Not all skepticism is equal: Exploring the ideological antecedents of science acceptance and rejection. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 44(3), 384-405. [link]

    Rutjens, B. T., Heine, S. J., Sutton, R. M., & van Harreveld, F. (2018). Attitudes towards science. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 57, 125-165. [link]

    2017

    Van der Lee, R., Ellemers, N., Scheepers, D., & Rutjens, B.T. (2017). In or out? How the perceived morality (vs. competence) of prospective group members affects acceptance and rejection. European Journal of Social Psychology, 47, 748-762. [link]

    van Elk, M., Rutjens, B. T., & van Harreveld, F. (2017). Why are Protestants more prosocial than Catholics? A comparative study among orthodox Dutch believers. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 27, 65-81. [link]

    Rutjens, B. T., & Kay, A. C. (2017). Compensatory Control Theory and the psychological importance of perceiving order. In M. Bukowski, I. Fritsche, A. Guinote, & M. Kofta (Eds.), Current Issues in Social Psychology – Coping with lack of control in a social world (pp. 83-97). New York: Routledge. [link]

    2016

    Rutjens, B. T., & Heine, S. J. (2016). The immoral landscape? Scientists are associated with violations of morality. PLoS ONE, 11(4): e0152798. [link] [data]

    Rutjens, B. T., van Harreveld, F., van der Pligt, J., van Elk, M., & Pyszczynski, T. (2016). A march to a better world? Religiosity and the existential function of belief in social-moral progress. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 26(1), 1-18. [link]

    van Elk, M., Rutjens, B. T., van der Pligt, J., & van Harreveld, F. (2016). Priming of supernatural agent concepts and agency detection. Religion, Brain & Behavior, 6(1), 4-33. [link]

    2015

    van Elk, M., Rutjens, B. T., & van der Pligt, J. (2015). The development of the illusion of control and sense of agency in 7-to-12-year old children and adults. Cognition, 145, 1-12. [link]

    2014

    van Harreveld, F., Rutjens, B. T., Schneider, I. K., Nohlen, H. U., & Keskinis, K. (2014). In doubt and disorderly: Ambivalence promotes compensatory perceptions of order.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143, 1666-1676. [link]

    Meijers, M. H. C., & Rutjens, B. T. (2014). Affirming belief in scientific progress reduces environmentally friendly behaviour. European Journal of Social Psychology, 44, 487-495. [link]

    2013

    Rutjens, B. T., van Harreveld, F., & van der Pligt, J. (2013). Step by step: Finding compensatory order in science. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22, 250-255. [link]

    Rutjens, B. T., van Harreveld, F., van der Pligt, J., Kreemers, L. M., & Noordewier, M. K. (2013). Steps, stages, and structure: Finding compensatory order in scientific theories. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 142, 313-318. [link]

    2012

    Rutjens, B. T., van der Pligt, J., & van Harreveld, F. (2012). Regulating psychological threat: The motivational consequences of threatening contexts. In K. J. Jonas & T. A. Morton (Eds.), Restoring civil societies: the psychology of intervention and engagement following crisis (Social issues and interventions) (pp. 38-56). Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. [link]

    Vail, K. E., Juhl, J., Arndt, J., Vess, M., Routledge, C., & Rutjens, B. T. (2012). When death is good for life: Considering the positive trajectories of terror management. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 16, 303-329. [link]

    2011

    Schneider, I.K., Rutjens, B.T., Jostmann, N.B., & Lakens, D. (2011). Weighty matters: Importance literally feels heavy. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 2, 474 – 478. [link]

    Wojtkowiak, J., & Rutjens, B. T. (2011). The postself and terror management theory: Reflecting on after death identity buffers existential threat. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 21, 137-144. [link]

    2010

    Rutjens, B. T., van der Pligt, J., & van Harreveld, F. (2010). Deus or Darwin: Randomness and belief in theories about the origin of life. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 1078-1080. [link]

    Rutjens, B. T., van Harreveld, F., & van der Pligt, J. (2010). Yes we can: Belief in progress as compensatory control. Social Psychological and Personality Science , 1, 246-252. [link]

    Wojtkowiak, J.,Rutjens, B. T., & Venbrux, E. (2010). Meaning making and death: A Dutch survey study. Archive for the Psychology of Religion, 32, 363-373.

    Rutjens, B. T., & Loseman, A. (2010). The society-supporting self: System justification and cultural worldview defense as different forms of self-regulation. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 13, 241-250.

    2009

    Rutjens, B. T., van der Pligt, J., & van Harreveld,F. (2009). Things will get better: The anxiety-buffering qualities of progressive hope. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35, 535-543. [link]

    van Harreveld, F., Rutjens, B. T., Rotteveel, M., Nordgren, L. F., & van der Pligt, J. (2009). Ambivalence and decisional conflict as a cause of psychological discomfort: Feeling tense before jumping off the fence. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 167-173. [link]

  • Uncertainty Lab
  • Publications

    2019

    • Rutjens, B. T., & Brandt, M. J. (2019). Belief systems and the perception of reality: An introduction. In B. T. Rutjens, & M. J. Brandt (Eds.), Belief systems and the perception of reality (pp. 1-6). Abingdon: Routledge. [details]

    2018

    • O'Donnell, M., Nelson, L. D., Ackermann, E., Aczel, B., Akhtar, A., Aldrovandi, S., ... Zrubka, M. (2018). Registered Replication Report: Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg (1998). Perspectives on Psychological Science, 13(2), 268-294. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691618755704
    • Rutjens, B. T., Heine, S. J., Sutton, R. M., & van Harreveld, F. (2018). Chapter Three - Attitudes Towards Science. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 57, 125-165. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.aesp.2017.08.001 [details]
    • Rutjens, B. T., Sutton, R. M., & van der Lee, R. (2018). Not All Skepticism Is Equal: Exploring the Ideological Antecedents of Science Acceptance and Rejection. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 44(3), 384-405. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167217741314 [details]
    • Sutton, R. M., Petterson, A., & Rutjens, B. T. (2018). Post-truth, anti-truth, and can’t-handle-the-truth: How responses to science are shaped by concerns about its impact. In B. T. Rutjens, & M. J. Brandt (Eds.), Belief systems and the perception of reality (pp. 164-178). (Current issues in social psychology). London: Routledge. [details]

    2017

    • Rutjens, B. T., & Kay, A. C. (2017). Compensatory Control Theory and the Psychological Importance of Perceiving Order. In M. Bukowski, I. Fritsche, A. Guinote, & M. Kofta (Eds.), Coping with Lack of Control in a Social World (pp. 83-96). (Current Issues in Social Psychology). London: Routledge. [details]
    • Van der Lee, R., Ellemers, N., Scheepers, D., & Rutjens, B. T. (2017). In or out? How the perceived morality (vs. competence) of prospective group members affects acceptance and rejection. European Journal of Social Psychology, 47(6), 748-762. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2269 [details]
    • van Elk, M., Rutjens, B. T., & van Harreveld, F. (2017). Why are Protestants more prosocial than Catholics? A comparative study among orthodox Dutch believers. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 27(1), 65-81. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508619.2017.1245023 [details]

    2016

    2015

    2014

    • Meijers, M. H. C., & Rutjens, B. T. (2014). Affirming belief in scientific progress reduces environmentally friendly behaviour. European Journal of Social Psychology, 44(5), 487-495. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2009 [details]
    • van Harreveld, F., Rutjens, B. T., Schneider, I. K., Nohlen, H. U., & Keskinis, K. (2014). In doubt and disorderly: Ambivalence promotes compensatory perceptions of order. Journal of Experimental Psychology. General, 143(4), 1666-1676. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0036099 [details]

    2013

    • Rutjens, B. T., van Harreveld, F., & van der Pligt, J. (2013). Step by step: finding compensatory order in science. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(3), 250-255. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721412469810 [details]
    • Rutjens, B. T., van Harreveld, F., van der Pligt, J., Kreemers, L. M., & Noordewier, M. K. (2013). Steps, stages, and structure: finding compensatory order in scientific theories. Journal of Experimental Psychology. General, 142(2), 313-318. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0028716 [details]

    2012

    • Rutjens, B. T., van der Pligt, J., & van Harreveld, F. (2012). Regulating psychological threat: the motivational consequences of threatening contexts. In K. J. Jonas, & T. A. Morton (Eds.), Restoring civil societies: the psychology of intervention and engagement following crisis (pp. 38-56). (Social issues and interventions). Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. [details]
    • Vail, K. E., Juhl, J., Arndt, J., Vess, M., Routledge, C., & Rutjens, B. T. (2012). When death is good for life: considering the positive trajectories of terror management. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 16(4), 303-329. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088868312440046 [details]

    2011

    • Schneider, I. K., Rutjens, B. T., Jostmann, N. B., & Lakens, D. (2011). Weighty matters: importance literally feels heavy. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 2(5), 474-478. https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550610397895 [details]
    • Wojtkowiak, J., & Rutjens, B. T. (2011). The postself and terror management theory: reflecting on after death identity buffers existential threat. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 21(2), 137-144. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508619.2011.557008 [details]

    2010

    • Rutjens, B. T., & Loseman, A. (2010). The society-supporting self: system justification and cultural worldview defense as different forms of self-regulation. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 13(2), 241-250. https://doi.org/10.1177/1368430209351703 [details]
    • Rutjens, B. T., & Meijers, M. H. C. (2010). Teveel van het goede: hoe een sterk geloof in wetenschappelijke vooruitgang duurzaamheid tegenwerkt. Jaarboek Sociale Psychologie, 2010, 373-380. [details]
    • Rutjens, B. T., van Harreveld, F., & van der Pligt, J. (2010). Yes we can: belief in progress as compensatory control. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1(3), 246-252. https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550610361782 [details]
    • Rutjens, B. T., van der Pligt, J., & van Harreveld, F. (2010). Deus or Darwin: randomness and belief in theories about the origin of life. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46(6), 1078-1080. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2010.07.009 [details]
    • Wojtkowiak, J., Rutjens, B. T., & Venbrux, E. (2010). Meaning making and death in a secular society: a Dutch survey study. Archiv für Religionspsychologie = Archive for the psychology of religion, 32(3), 363-373. https://doi.org/10.1163/157361210X532059 [details]

    2009

    • Rutjens, B. T., van der Pligt, J., & van Harreveld, F. (2009). Things will get better: the anxiety-buffering qualities of progressive hope. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35(5), 535-543. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167208331252 [details]
    • van Harreveld, F., Rutjens, B. T., Rotteveel, M., Nordgren, L. F., & van der Pligt, J. (2009). Ambivalence and decisional conflict as a cause of psychological discomfort: feeling tense before jumping off the fence. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45(1), 167-173. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2008.08.015 [details]

    2008

    • Rutjens, B. T., & van der Pligt, J. (2008). Succes alleen is niet genoeg: Standaardverhoging en sociale vergelijking. Jaarboek Sociale Psychologie, 2008, 365-372. [details]

    2018

    2010

    • Rutjens, B. T., & Meijers, M. H. C. (2010). Teveel van het goede: Hoe een sterk geloof in wetenschappelijke vooruitgang duurzaamheid tegenwerkt. Paper presented at ASPO-congres, Amsterdam, .

    Award

    • Rutjens, B. (2018). Seedcorn grant (€2000) for project on science skepticism in Europe.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (2018). EASP Seedcorn Grant.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (2017). BA/Leverhulme Small Research Grant.
    • van Harreveld, F. & Rutjens, B. T. (2016). Seedcorn grant (€2000) from the European Association of Social Psychologists (EASP) for cross cultural research on the functions of religion..
    • Rutjens, B. T. (2014). Axa Research Fund, grant €120,000) to work on a project on threat compensation and risk seeking, 2014-2016.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (2012). Niels Stensen Foundation
Stipend (€44,000) to conduct postdoctoral
research at the University of British Columbia,
Canada, for the duration of one year..

    Media appearance

    • van Harreveld, F. & Rutjens, B. T. (01-06-2019). Alles onder controle [Print] Skepter. Alles onder controle.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (08-10-2018). Waarom zoveel mensen twijfelen aan vaccins, gentech of klimaatverandering. [Print] De Morgen. Waarom zoveel mensen twijfelen aan vaccins, gentech of klimaatverandering..
    • Rutjens, B. T. (05-10-2018). Een bakfietsmoeder die haar kind niet wil laten inenten heeft geen boodschap aan extra kennis. [Print] De Volkskrant. Een bakfietsmoeder die haar kind niet wil laten inenten heeft geen boodschap aan extra kennis..
    • Rutjens, B. T. (19-09-2018). Ideology influences facts and leads to conflict. [Web] University of Amsterdam News. Ideology influences facts and leads to conflict..
    • Rutjens, B. T. (20-06-2018). Dass ist doch gar nicht erwiesen. [Web] Technology Review. Article in Technology Review: Dass ist doch gar nicht erwiesen..
    • van Harreveld, F. & Rutjens, B. T. (28-02-2018). The genesis of a conspiracy theory.. EMBO Reports.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (31-12-2017). Heb je als wetenschapper mooie resultaten gepubliceerd over vaccins, gelooft niemand je. [Print] Dagblad Trouw. Heb je als wetenschapper mooie resultaten gepubliceerd over vaccins, gelooft niemand je..
    • Rutjens, B. T. (06-12-2017). Wetenschap anders framen leidt tot minder scepsis. [Print] Folia. Wetenschap anders framen leidt tot minder scepsis..
    • Rutjens, B. T. (04-12-2017). Here's how your beliefs are linked to different types of science denial. [Web] IFL Science. Here's how your beliefs are linked to different types of science denial..
    • Rutjens, B. T. (04-12-2017). Religieuze of politieke overtuiging voedt wantrouwen in wetenschap. [Radio] Dagblad Trouw. Interview Trouw.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (04-12-2017). Exploring the ideological antecedents of science acceptance and rejection [Web] https://phys.org/news/2017-12-exploring-ideological-antecedents-science.html. Exploring the ideological antecedents of science acceptance and rejection..
    • Rutjens, B. (04-12-2017). Religieuze of politieke overtuiging voedt wantrouwen in de wetenschap Trouw. Religieuze of politieke overtuiging voedt wantrouwen in wetenschap.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (04-12-2017). Religieuze of politieke overtuiging voedt wantrouwen in wetenschap. [Print]. Religieuze of politieke overtuiging voedt wantrouwen in wetenschap..
    • Rutjens, B. T. (04-12-2017). The ideological antecedents of science scepticism [Web] Phys.org. The ideological antecedents of science scepticism.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (04-12-2017). Religieuze of politieke overtuiging voedt wantrouwen in wetenschap [Web] Trouw. Religieuze of politieke overtuiging voedt wantrouwen in wetenschap.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (04-12-2017). Anti vaccine parents have very different moral values. [Print] Washington Post. Anti Vaccine Parents have very different moral value..
    • Rutjens, B. T. (04-12-2017). Anti vaccine parents have very different moral values [Print] Washington Post. Anti vaccine parents have very different moral values.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (04-12-2017). Science scepticism [Web] University of Amsterdam News. Wetenschapsscepsis kent verschillende vormen..
    • Rutjens, B. T. (01-12-2017). Scepticism takes many forms. [Web] University of Amsterdam News. Scepticism takes many forms..
    • Rutjens, B. T. (13-10-2017). Dat kan geen toeval zijn. [Television] Hart van Nederland. Dat kan geen toeval zijn..
    • Rutjens, B. T. (13-10-2017). Interview about superstition. [Television] Hart van Nederland. Interview about superstition..
    • Rutjens, B. T. (10-04-2017). Interview about boredom research. [Print] Quest Magazine. Interview about boredom research..
    • Rutjens, B. T. (10-04-2017). Is het goed om je af en toe te vervelen? [Print] Quest Magazine. Is het goed om je af en toe te vervelen?.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (23-11-2016). Vier dingen die je niet wist over bijgeloof. [Web] Dela website. Vier dingen die je niet wist over bijgeloof..
    • Rutjens, B. T. (23-11-2016). Item about superstition [Radio] NPO Radio 5. Item about superstition.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (23-11-2016). Bijgeloof, helpen rituelen daarbij? [Radio] NPO Radio 5. Bijgeloof, helpen rituelen daarbij?.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (23-11-2016). Bijgeloof bij artiesten en sporters [Radio] NPO radio. Bijgeloof bij artiesten en sporters..
    • Rutjens, B. T. (06-06-2016). Phys.org: The anatomy of science denial [Web]. The anatomy of science denial.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (03-05-2016). Fare sesso con polli morti e altre cose da scienziati. [Web] Vice Italy. Fare sesso con polli morti e altre cose da scienziati..
    • Rutjens, B. T. (25-04-2016). Los cientificos tan malvados como para hacerle eso a un pollo. [Web] 20 minutos Spain. Los cientificos tan malvados como para hacerle eso a un pollo..
    • Rutjens, B. T. (21-04-2016). Oh these scientists [Web]. Oh these scientists.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (20-04-2016). Anti-scientist prejudice [Web] British Psychological Society. Anti-scientist prejudice.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (20-04-2016). British Psychological Society: Anti-scientist prejudice [Web]. British Psychological Society: Anti-scientist prejudice.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (18-04-2016). How we really see scientists [Web] Pacific Standard. How we really see scientists.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (10-04-2016). Scientists Largely Trusted, But Also Seen As 'Inhuman' [Radio] National Public Radio. Scientists Largely Trusted, But Also Seen As 'Inhuman'.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (10-04-2016). National Public Radio: Scientists Largely Trusted, But Also Seen As 'Inhuman' [Radio]. National Public Radio: Scientists Largely Trusted, But Also Seen As 'Inhuman'.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (06-04-2016). Wat is het imago van de wetenschapper? [Web] University of Amsterdam news: Wat is het imago van de wetenschapper?. Wat is het imago van de wetenschapper?.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (06-04-2016). University of Amsterdam news: Wat is het imago van de wetenschapper?. University of Amsterdam news: Wat is het imago van de wetenschapper?.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (13-08-2015). 15 Questions about science and religion. [Radio]. 15 Questions about science and religion..
    • Rutjens, B. T. (13-08-2015). Be careful your love science looks a lot like religion. [Television] SBS Australia. Be careful your love science looks a lot like religion..
    • Rutjens, B. T. (12-08-2015). Editie.NL: Interview about superstition [Television] RTL 4. Editie.NL: Interview about superstition.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (13-02-2015). Interview about superstition. [Television] NPO. Interview about superstition..
    • Rutjens, B. T. (02-01-2015). De net-niet Bijlmer miljonairs [Television] RTL 4. De net-niet Bijlmer miljonairs.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (03-07-2014). Hart van Nederland [Television] SBS6. Hart van Nederland.
    • Rutjens, B. T. (26-04-2014). Item over bijgeloof [Television] http://www.rtlnieuws.nl/editienl/voetballen-op-vrijdag-de-13e-als-dat-maar-goed-gaat. Item over bijgeloof.

    Others

    • Rutjens, B. T. (organiser) & Heine, S. (organiser) (5-7-2017 - 8-7-2017). The Social Psychology of (dis-)belief in science, Granada, Spain (organising a conference, workshop, ...).
    • Rutjens, B. T. (participant) & Sutton, R. (participant) (5-7-2017 - 8-7-2017). EASP Conference, Granada, Spain. Exploring the ideiological antecedents of science skepticism. Symposium paper presented at the European Association of Social Psychology (EASP) (…) (participating in a conference, workshop, ...).
    This list of publications is extracted from the UvA-Current Research Information System. Questions? Ask the library or the Pure staff of your faculty / institute. Log in to Pure to edit your publications. Log in to Personal Page Publication Selection tool to manage the visibility of your publications on this list.
  • Ancillary activities
    • No ancillary activities