Geraldo Vidigal is Assistant Professor at the University of Amsterdam (UvA), where he lectures International Trade Law and Public International Law and coordinates the LL.M. in International Trade and Investment Law. He is Co-Chair of the "Free, Fair & Green? Governing Europe’s Trade Relations in a Changing Global Economic Order" research project of the Amsterdam Centre for European Studies, Theme Developer for International Economic Law at Oxford International Organizations (OUP), and Managing Editor of Legal Issues of Economic Integration (Kluwer).
Dr. Vidigal publishes regularly on International Economic Law and International Dispute Settlement. He focuses his current research on the transformation of international economic law in response to pressures for it to balance the protection offered to the interests of transnational economic agents with the promotion of values and interests under the banner of sustainable development. On dispute settlement, he is currently finalizing a book entitled After Adjudication: Judicial Remedies for Non-Compliance in International Law, to come out with Cambridge University Press in 2023.
Dr. Vidigal holds a PhD in Law from the University of Cambridge, a Master’s in International Law from the Sorbonne Law School and a Bachelor’s in Law from the University of São Paulo. He has held a Jean Monnet Fellowship at the European University Institute (2014-2015) and a Marie Curie Fellowship at Bocconi University, Milan (2013-2014), has been a Visiting Fellow at the Centre for Trade and Economic Integration at the Graduate Institute, Geneva (2017) and a Senior Fellow at the Berlin/Potsdam Interdisciplinary Research Group "International Rule of Law - Rise or Decline?".
Prior to joining UvA, Dr. Vidigal worked as a Dispute Settlement Lawyer at the World Trade Organization (Legal Affairs Division) and was a Senior Research Fellow at the Department of International Law and Dispute Resolution of the Max Planck Institute in Luxembourg. He integrates the WTO's indicative roster of dispute settlement panelists as well as the European Union's list of trade panelists and trade and sustainability experts for dispute settlement under international trade agreements.
Vidigal, Geraldo , After Adjudication: Judicial Remedies for Non-Compliance in International Law (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming)
Vidigal, Geraldo (2022), Regional Trade Adjudication and the Rise of Sustainability Disputes: Korea—Labor Commitments and Ukraine—Wood Export Bans 116 American Journal of International Law 567.
Vidigal, Geraldo and Ingo Venzke (2022), Of False Conflicts and Real Challenges: Trade Agreements, Climate Clubs, and Border Adjustments, 116 AJIL Unbound 202.
Vidigal, Geraldo (2022), ‘International Trade Dispute Settlement 2.0’ 115 Proceedings of the ASIL Annual Meeting 182.
Vidigal, Geraldo (2022), ‘Remedies and Compliance’, in Daniel Bethlehem, Donald McRae, Rodney Neufeld, and Isabelle Van Damme, The Oxford Handbook of International Trade Law, Second Edition (OUP).
Vidigal, Geraldo (2021), Evolutionary Interpretation and International Law, 24 Journal of International Economic Law 203.
Schill, Stephan W. and Geraldo Vidigal (2021), ‘National Security, Private Actors, and Political Risk: Judicial and Non-Judicial Responses – An Introduction’ 22 Journal of World Investment & Trade (2021) 503.
Vidigal, Geraldo and Stephan W Schill (2021), ‘International Economic Law and the Securitization of Policy Objectives: Risks of a Schmittean Exception’ 48 Legal Issues of Economic Integration 109-118.
Kuijper, Pieter Jan and Geraldo Vidigal (2021), ‘The European Union and the Multilateral Trade Regime: Reciprocal Influences’, in Michael Hahn and Guillaume van der Loo (eds), Law and Practice of the Common Commercial Policy: The First 10 Years after the Treaty of Lisbon (Brill)
Venzke, Ingo and Geraldo Vidigal (2020), 'Are Unilateral Trade Measures in the Climate Crisis the End of Differentiated Responsibilities? The Case of the EU Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM)', 51 Netherlands Yearbook of International Law 187-225.
Vidigal, Geraldo (2020), ‘A Really Big Button that Doesn't Do Anything? The Anti-NME Clause in US Trade Agreements’, 23 Journal of International Economic Law 45-64.
Vidigal, Geraldo (2020), 'Re-Imagined Communities: The WTO Appellate Body and the Communitization of WTO Law' in Hélène Ruiz Fabri, André Nunes Chaib, Ingo Venzke, Armin von Bogdandy (eds), International Judicial Legitimacy: New Voices and Approaches (Nomos 2020), 203-226.
Vidigal, Geraldo (2019), ‘Living Without the Appellate Body: Multilateral, Bilateral and Plurilateral Solutions to the WTO Dispute Settlement Crisis’ 20 Journal of World Investment & Trade 862-890.
Vidigal, Geraldo (2019), 'WTO Adjudication and the Security Exception: Something Old, Something New, Something Borrowed – Something Blue?' 46 Legal Issues of Economic Integration 203-224.
Vidigal, Geraldo (2019), 'The Return of Voluntary Export Restraints? How WTO Law Regulates (and Doesn't Regulate) Bilateral Trade-Restrictive Agreements' 53 Journal of World Trade 188-210.
Schill, Stephan and Geraldo Vidigal (2019), ‘Designing Investment Dispute Settlement à la Carte: Insights from Comparative Institutional Design Analysis’ 18 The Law & Practice of International Courts and Tribunals 311.
Vidigal, Geraldo and Beatriz Stevens (2018), ‘Brazil’s New Model of Dispute Settlement for Investment: Return to the Past or Alternative for the Future?’ 19 Journal of World Investment & Trade 475–512.
Schill, Stephan and Geraldo Vidigal (2018), ‘Reforming Dispute Settlement in Trade: The Contribution of Mega-Regionals’. RTA Exchange. Geneva: International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) (ISSN 2520-2278).
Schill, Stephan and Geraldo Vidigal (2018), ‘Cutting the Gordian Knot: Investment Dispute Settlement à la Carte’. RTA Exchange. Geneva: International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) (ISSN 2520-2278).
Vidigal, Geraldo (2017), ‘Why Is There So Little Litigation under Free Trade Agreements? Retaliation and Adjudication in International Dispute Settlement’ 20 Journal of International Economic Law (2017) 927–950.
Vidigal, Geraldo (2017), ‘Attribution in the WTO: The Limits of “Sufficient Government Involvement”’ 6 Journal of International Trade and Arbitration Law, Special Issue 133-160.
Vidigal, Geraldo (2015), ‘Targeting Compliance: Prospective Remedies in International Law’, 6 Journal of International Dispute Settlement 462-484.
Vidigal, Geraldo (2014), ‘Awarding Damages or Demanding Performance? A Performance-Oriented Approach for International Investment Law’ FGV DIREITO SP Research Paper Series n. 109 (ISSN 2358-1565).
Vidigal, Geraldo (2014), ‘Conservação de Recursos Marinhos e o Uso de Medidas de Coerção Econômica: Impacto do Direito da OMC sobre o Direito do Mar’, in Wagner Menezes (org.), Direito do Mar: Desafios e Perspectivas (Arraes), 386-399
Vidigal, Geraldo (2013), ‘From Bilateral to Multilateral Law-making: Legislation, Practice, Evolution and the Future of Inter Se Agreements in the WTO’ 24 European Journal of International Law 1027-1053
Vidigal, Geraldo (2013), ‘Re-Assessing WTO Remedies: The Prospective and the Retrospective’ 16 Journal of International Economic Law (505-534
Vidigal, Geraldo (2013), ‘Enforcing Democracy at the Regional Level: Paraguay’s Suspension before the Mercosur Court’ 2 Cambridge Journal of International and Comparative Law 337-349.
Vidigal, Geraldo and Roberto Kanitz (2013), ‘A Regulação do Comércio Internacional e a Organização Mundial do Comércio’, in Umberto Celli Jr, Maristela Basso, Alberto do Amaral Jr (coords), Arbitragem e Comércio Internacional: Estudos em Homenagem a Luiz Olavo Baptista (Quartier Latin), 455-503.
Vidigal, Geraldo (2013), ‘Appellate Body Report, United States – Measures Affecting the Production and Sale of Clove Cigarettes’ 24 Italian Yearbook of International Law 310-317.