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Prof. F. (Fenella) Fleischmann

Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences
Programme group: Institutions, Inequalities and Life courses

Visiting address
  • Nieuwe Achtergracht 166
  • Room number: B6.08
Postal address
  • Postbus 15508
    1001 NA Amsterdam
  • Profile

    Fenella Fleischmann is Professor of Sociology at the University of Amsterdam and leader of the AISSR programme group Institutions, Inequalities and Life Courses. Before her appointment, she held positions as Associate and Assistant Professor at Utrecht University's Department of Interdisciplinary Social Science and was a researcher at the European Research Centre on Migration and Ethnic Relations, after working as senior reseacher at the Berlin Social Science Research Centre in the research group Migration, Integration, Transnationalisation. She obtained her PhD from Utrecht University and the University of Leuven for the dissertation 'Second-generation Muslims in European societies: Comparative Perspectives on Education and Religion'

    Her research is situated in the field of migration studies and addresses the questions of how immigrants fare in their new society. Frequently applying a comparative perspecive, she studies how migrant communities and destination countries differ in integration processes and outcomes, and how such differences can be explained from different theoretical perspectives. More specifially, she focuses on the role of religion and identity and their intersection with socio-economic status for immigrants’ engagement in and sense of belonging to their new country.

    In 2022, Fenella Fleischmann was awarded a Vidi grant by the Dutch Research Council for the 5-year project The role of religious cognition for immigrant integration (RECOGNITION). In this research project, she will develop cross-culturally comparable measures of religious cognition and religiosity for three religious minority groups, together with her team. They will subsequently assess how religious cognitions and religiosity contribute to explaining different dimensions of immigrant integration.



  • Publications



    • Fleischmann, F. (2022). Negotiating the hyphen: Dual identity compatibility among immigrants and their offspring. In A. Smeekes, & J. Thijs (Eds.), Migration and Ethnic Relations: Current directions for theory and research: Liber Amicorum for Maykel Verkuyten (pp. 55-71). Utrecht University.
    • Fleischmann, F. (2022). Researching religion and migration 20 years after ‘9/11’: Taking stock and looking ahead. Zeitschrift für Religion, Gesellschaft und Politik, 6(2), 347-372. [details]
    • Fleischmann, F., & Khoudja, Y. (2022). Recent Immigrants’ Religious Change in a Secular Context and its Relation with Social Integration. Kolner Zeitschrift fur Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, 75(Suppl 1), 149-178.
    • Fleischmann, F., & Op De Weegh, A. (2022). Majority acceptance vs. rejection of 'being both' facilitates immigrants' bicultural identity blendedness and positive affect. Self and Identity, 21(5), 506-526. Advance online publication.
    • Kollar, R., & Fleischmann, F. (2022). Does Religion Foster Prejudice Among Adherents of all World Religions? A Comparison Across Religions. Review of Religious Research, 64(4), 627-653. [details]
    • Martinović, B., & Fleischmann, F. (2022). They Take Away Our Jobs! They Undermine Our National Culture! Public Perceptions of Immigrants and Their Consequences for Solidarity Across Ethnic Boundaries. In M. A. Yerkes, & M. Bal (Eds.), Solidarity and Social Justice in Contemporary Societies : An Interdisciplinary Approach to Understanding Inequalities (pp. 137-145). Palgrave Macmillan. [details]
    • Simsek, M., van Tubergen, F., & Fleischmann, F. (2022). Religion and Intergroup Boundaries: Positive and Negative Ties Among Youth in Ethnically and Religiously Diverse School Classes in Western Europe. Review of Religious Research, 64(1), 1-33. Advance online publication. [details]


    • Cardenas, D., Verkuyten, M., & Fleischmann, F. (2021). "You are too ethnic, you are too national": Dual identity denial and dual identification. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 81, 193-203.
    • Fleischmann, F., & Verkuyten, M. (2021). Being a Muslim in the Western World: A Social Identity Perspective. In B. G. Adams, & F. J. R. van de Vijver (Eds.), Non-Western Identity: Research and Perspectives (pp. 163-179). (Identity in a Changing World). Springer. [details]
    • Kende, J., Baysu, G., Phalet, K., & Fleischmann, F. (2021). Dual identity in context: The role of minority peers and school discrimination. Journal of Social Issues, 77(4), 1087-1105. Advance online publication. [details]


    • Beek, M., & Fleischmann, F. (2020). Religion and integration: does immigrant generation matter? The case of Moroccan and Turkish immigrants in the Netherlands. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 46(17), 3655-3676.
    • Galle, J., & Fleischmann, F. (2020). Ethnic minorities' support for redistribution: The role of national and ethnic identity. Journal of European Social Policy, 30(1), 95-107.
    • Jugert, P., Pink, S., Fleischmann, F., & Leszczensky, L. (2020). Changes in Turkish- and Resettler-origin Adolescents' Acculturation Profiles of Identification: A Three-year Longitudinal Study from Germany. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 49(12), 2476-2494.


    • Fleischmann, F., Leszczensky, L., & Pink, S. (2019). Identity threat and identity multiplicity among minority youth: Longitudinal relations of perceived discrimination with ethnic, religious, and national identification in Germany. British Journal of Social Psychology, 58(4), 971-990.
    • Ouillian, L., Heath, A., Pager, D., Midtboen, A. H., Fleischmann, F., & Hexel, O. (2019). Do Some Countries Discriminate More than Others? Evidence from 97 Field Experiments of Racial Discrimination in Hiring. Sociological Science, 6, 467-496.
    • Simsek, M., Fleischmann, F., & van Tubergen, F. (2019). Similar or divergent paths? Religious development of Christian and Muslim adolescents in Western Europe. Social Science Research, 79, 160-180.
    • Verkuyten, M., Wiley, S., Deaux, K., & Fleischmann, F. (2019). To Be Both (and More): Immigration and Identity Multiplicity. Journal of Social Issues, 75(2), 390-413.
    • Wiley, S., Fleischmann, F., Deaux, K., & Verkuyten, M. (2019). Why Immigrants' Multiple Identities Matter: Implications for Research, Policy, and Practice. Journal of Social Issues, 75(2), 611-629.


    • Ala-Mantila, M., & Fleischmann, F. (2018). Gender differences in labour market integration trajectories of recently arrived migrants in the Netherlands. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 44(11), 1818-1840.
    • Fleischmann, F., & Phalet, K. (2018). Religion and National Identification in Europe: Comparing Muslim Youth in Belgium, England, Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden (vol 49, pg 44, 2018). Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 49(6), 907-+.
    • Fleischmann, F., & Phalet, K. (2018). Religion and National Identification in Europe: Comparing Muslim Youth in Belgium, England, Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 49(1), 44-61.
    • Gharaei, N., Phalet, K., & Fleischmann, F. (2018). Contingent National Belonging: The Perceived Fit and Acceptance of Culturally Different Peers Predicts Minority Adolescents' Own Belonging. Frontiers in Psychology, 9.
    • Khoudja, Y., & Fleischmann, F. (2018). Gender Ideology and Women's Labor Market Transitions Within Couples in the Netherlands. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 80(5), 1087-1106.
    • Phalet, K., Fleischmann, F., & Hillekens, J. (2018). Religious Identity and Acculturation of Immigrant Minority Youth. European Psychologist, 23(1), 32-43.
    • Phalet, K., Fleischmann, F., & Swyngedouw, M. (2018). Religious Identities and Civic Integration: Second-Generation Muslims in European Cities. In P. Kasinitz, & M. Bozorgmehr (Eds.), Growing up Muslim in Europe and the United States (pp. 67-83). Routledge.
    • Simsek, M., Jacob, K., Fleischmann, F., & van Tubergen, F. (2018). Keeping or Losing Faith? Comparing Religion across Majority and Minority Youth in Europe. In F. Kalter, J. O. Jonsson, F. Van Tubergen, & A. F. Heath (Eds.), Growing up in diverse societies: The integration of the children of immigrants in England, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden (pp. 246-273). Proceedings of the British Academy.
    • Wachter, G. G., & Fleischmann, F. (2018). Settlement Intentions and Immigrant Integration: The Case of Recently Arrived EU-Immigrants in the Netherlands. International Migration, 56(4), 154-171.


    • Khoudja, Y., & Fleischmann, F. (2017). Labor Force Participation of Immigrant Women in the Netherlands: Do Traditional Partners Hold Them Back? International Migration Review, 51(2), 506-541.
    • Verkuyten, M. J. A. M., & Fleischmann, F. (2017). Ethnic Identity among Immigrant and Minority Youth. In A. Rutland, D. Nesdale, & C. Spears Brown (Eds.), The Wiley Handbook of Group Processes in Children and Adolescents (pp. 23-46). Wiley.


    • Fleischmann, F., & Phalet, K. (2016). Identity Conflict or Compatibility: A Comparison of Muslim Minorities in Five European Cities. Political Psychology, 37(4), 447-463.
    • Fleischmann, F., & Verkuyten, M. (2016). Dual Identity Among Immigrants: Comparing Different Conceptualizations, Their Measurements, and Implications. Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology, 22(2), 151-165.
    • Fleischmann, F., & de Haas, A. (2016). Explaining parents' school involvement: The role of ethnicity and gender in the Netherlands. Journal of Educational Research, 109(5), 554-565.
    • Fleischmann, F., Martinovic, B., & Bohm, M. (2016). Mobilising mosques? The role of service attendance for political participation of Turkish and Moroccan minorities in the Netherlands. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 39(5), 746-763.


    • Bruenig, B., & Fleischmann, F. (2015). Understanding the Veiling of Muslim Women in the Netherlands. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 54(1), 20-37.
    • Khoudja, Y., & Fleischmann, F. (2015). Ethnic Differences in Female Labour Force Participation in the Netherlands: Adding Gender Role Attitudes and Religiosity to the Explanation. European Sociological Review, 31(1), 91-102.
    • Thijs, J., & Fleischmann, F. (2015). Student-teacher relationships and achievement goal orientations: Examining student perceptions in an ethnically diverse sample. Learning and Individual Differences, 42, 53-63.


    • Fleischmann, F., & Kristen, C. (2014). Gender gaps in the education of the second generation. In A. F. Heath, & Y. Brinbaum (Eds.), Unequal Attainments: Ethnic educational inequality in ten Western countries (pp. 193-244). Proceedings of the British Academy.
    • Fleischmann, F., Kristen, C., Heath, A. F., Brinbaum, Y., Deboosere, P., Granato, N., Jonsson, J. O., Kilpi-Jakonen, E., Lorenz, G., Lutz, A. C., Mos, D., Mutarrak, R., Phalet, K., Rothon, C., Rudolphi, F., & van de Werfhorst, H. G. (2014). Gender inequalities in the education of the second generation in Western countries. Sociology of Education, 87(3), 143-170. [details]


    • Fleischmann, F., & Hoehne, J. (2013). Gender and migration on the labour market: Additive or interacting disadvantages in Germany? Social Science Research, 42(5), 1325-1345.
    • Fleischmann, F., Deboosere, P., Neels, K., & Phalet, K. (2013). From Ethnic Capital to Ethnic Educational Inequality: How Family and Co-Ethnic Neighbourhood Resources Affect Second-Generation Attainment in Belgium. European Sociological Review, 29(6), 1239-1250.
    • Fleischmann, F., Phalet, K., & Swyngedouw, M. (2013). Dual Identity Under Threat When, and How Do Turkish and Moroccan Minorities Engage in Politics? Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 221(4), 214-222.
    • Gungor, D., Fleischmann, F., Phalet, K., & Maliepaard, M. (2013). Contextualizing Religious Acculturation Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Muslim Minorities in Western Europe. European Psychologist, 18(3), 203-214.
    • Phalet, K., Maliepaard, M., Fleischmann, F., & Gungor, D. (2013). The Making and Unmaking of Religious Boundaries: Comparing Turkish and Moroccan Muslim minorities in European Cities. Comparative Migration Studies, 1(1), 123-145.
    • Scheible, J. A., & Fleischmann, F. (2013). GENDERING ISLAMIC RELIGIOSITY IN THE SECOND GENERATION Gender Differences in Religious Practices and the Association with Gender Ideology among Moroccan- and Turkish-Belgian Muslims. Gender & Society, 27(3), 372-395.


    • Fleischmann, F., & Phalet, K. (2012). Integration and religiosity among the Turkish second generation in Europe: a comparative analysis across four capital cities. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 35(2), 320-341.
    • Fleischmann, F., Phalet, K., Deboosere, P., & Neels, K. (2012). Comparing Concepts of Ethnicity in Ethnic Composition Measures: Local Community Contexts and the Educational Attainment of the Second Generation in Belgium. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 38(10), 1513-1531.
    • Voas, D., & Fleischmann, F. (2012). Islam Moves West: Religious Change in the First and Second Generations. Annual review of sociology, 38, 525-545.


    • Fleischmann, F., Phalet, K., & Klein, O. (2011). Religious identification and politicization in the face of discrimination: Support for political Islam and political action among the Turkish and Moroccan second generation in Europe. British Journal of Social Psychology, 50(4), 628-648.
    • Fleischmann, F., Phalet, K., Neels, K., & Deboosere, P. (2011). Contextualizing Ethnic Educational Inequality: The Role of Stability and Quality of Neighborhoods and Ethnic Density in Second-Generation Attainment. International Migration Review, 45(2), 386-425.
    • Gungor, D., Fleischmann, F., & Phalet, K. (2011). Religious Identification, Beliefs, and Practices Among Turkish Belgian and Moroccan Belgian Muslims: Intergenerational Continuity and Acculturative Change. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 42(8), 1356-1374.


    • Dronkers, J., & Fleischmann, F. (2010). The educational attainment of second generation immigrants from different countries of origin in different EU member states. In J. Dronkers (Ed.), Quality and Inequality of Education: Cross-National Perspectives (pp. 163-204). Springer.
    • Fleischmann, F., & Dronkers, J. (2010). The Socio-Economic Integration of Immigrants in the EU: Effects of Characteristics of Origin and Destination Countries on the First and Second Generation. In P. Attewell, & K. S. Newman (Eds.), Growing Gaps: Educational inequality around the World (pp. 258-283). Oxford University Press.
    • Fleischmann, F., & Dronkers, J. (2010). Unemployment among immigrants in European labour markets: an analysis of origin and destination effects. Work, Employment & Society, 24(2), 337-354.
    • Fleischmann, F., Verkuyten, M., & Poppe, E. (2010). Ethnic and Republic Identification in the Russian Federation and Ukraine: A Social Dominance Perspective. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 37(1), 23-41.


    • Lessard-Phillips, L., Fleischmann, F., & van Elsas, E. (2014). Ethnic minorities and educational systems in ten Western countries: migration flows, policies and institutional differences. In A. F. Heath, & Y. Brinbaum (Eds.), Unequal attainments: ethnic educational inequalities in ten Western countries (pp. 25-61). (Proceedings of the British Academy; No. 196). Oxford University Press. [details]


    • Fleischmann, F. (2013). The Turkish second generation in two church-state regimes: A comparative perspective on integration and religiosity. In A. Zimmer (Ed.), Civil Societies Compared: Germany and the Netherlands (pp. 287-313). Nomos.


    • Phalet, K., Fleischmann, F., & Stojčić, S. (2012). Ways of being Muslim: The Turkish second generation in seven European cities. In M. Crul, J. Schneider, & F. Lelie (Eds.), The European Second Generation compared: Does the integration context matter? (pp. 343-371). Amsterdam University Press.


    • Fleischmann, F. (2022). Believing and belonging in multicultural Europe: A minority perspective. [details]

    Prize / grant

    Media appearance


    • Fleischmann, F. (examiner) (5-9-2023). Prejudice in a Multicultural Society. Young people’s Attitudes toward Sexual Minorities and Religious groups in Norway (examination).
    • Fleischmann, F. (examiner) (5-7-2023). Colleagues with Benefits: How Diaspora Knowledge Networks Make Difference to Post-Soviet Scientists’ Migration, Research and Career (examination).
    • Fleischmann, F. (examiner) (11-5-2023). The Psychological Assessment of Refugees in the Context of Work-Related Integration (examination).
    • Fleischmann, F. (examiner) (27-4-2023). Pathways to Academic Achievement: Perspectives from Collectivist Cultures and Immigrant Experiences (examination).
    • Fleischmann, F. (examiner) (25-11-2022). Rooting in new soil: Explaining differences and developments in early integration processes among Syrian refugees in the Netherlands (examination).
    • Fleischmann, F. (examiner) (25-11-2022). Rooting in new soil: Explaining differences and developments in early integration processes among Syrian refugees in the Netherlands (examination).
    • Fleischmann, F. (examiner) (18-11-2022). Dis-)Entangled Identities: A comparative study of adolescents’ ethnicity and ethnic identities in Belgian secondary schools (examination).
    • Fleischmann, F. (examiner) (9-9-2022). Rejecting Muslim minority practices: Principles and prejudices (examination).
    • Fleischmann, F. (examiner) (28-4-2022). Partnering Patterns: Diversity in union formation and dissolution among the children of immigrants (examination).


    • Lubbers, M., Gijsberts, M., Fleischmann, F. & Maliepaard, M. (2018). The New Immigrant Survey – The Netherlands (NIS2NL). A four wave panel study. Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS).
    This list of publications is extracted from the UvA-Current Research Information System. Questions? Ask the library or the Pure staff of your faculty / institute. Log in to Pure to edit your publications. Log in to Personal Page Publication Selection tool to manage the visibility of your publications on this list.
  • Ancillary activities
    • KNAW - NIDI
      Lid Wetenschapscommissie
    • NaDiRa - DeZIM Institut
      Lid van wetenschappelijke adviesraad
    • WWU Münster, Cluster Religion & Politics
      Lid van academische adviesraad