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NL

Dr K. (Kristina) Irion

Assistant Professor
Faculty of Law
Information Law

Visiting address
  • Nieuwe Achtergracht 166
  • Room number:5.19
Postal address
  • Postbus 15514
    1001 NA Amsterdam
Contact details
Social media
  • Profile

    Kristina Irion is Assistant Professor at the Institute for Information Law (IViR) at the University of Amsterdam. She is the Director of the Annual IViR Summer Course on Privacy Law and Policy and the Coordinator as well as a Lecturer in the Research Master's in Information Law. She is a non-resident Fellow of the Center for Media Data and Society (CMDS) at Central European University in Budapest where she had been, until 2017, Associate Professor at the School of Public Policy. Kristina is a member of the Scientific Committee of the annual Computer Privacy and Data Protection (CPDP) International Conferences and the International Advisory Board of the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC).

    A baseline of Kristina’s research is the interpretation and analysis of the transformational processes that reconfigure the legal properties of digital data in line with societal needs. She has commented on key developments in EU data protection law and its progressive constitutionalization and how European law interface with a global digital ecosystem. As a Marie Curie Fellow she accomplished her individual research project on Governing Digital Information which explores the transformational impact of consumer cloud computing. Kristina’s current research agenda focuses on the governance of transnational digital technologies and global data value chains from the perspective of European law and international economic law.

    In terms of societal relevance, much of the commissioned research she has led or contributed to did generate a significant impact on public policy. A number of these studies have helped to catalyze real policy shifts, for instance the so called INDIREG study on EU audiovisual media law or the study ‘Trade and Privacy: Complicated Bedfellows?’ which left a positive mark on EU’s external trade policy. She recently lead-authored a pioneering study on ‘Artificial Intelligence and EU Trade Policy’ that has been commissioned by the Dutch Government. Kristina frequently provide expertise to the European Commission and the Parliament, ENISA, the Council of Europe, the OECD, national governments as well as civil society organizations.

    Kristina obtained her Dr. iuris degree from Martin Luther University, Halle-Wittenberg, and holds a Master’s degree in Information Technology and Telecommunications Law from the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow. She was a part time Legal Officer at the Data Protection Authority in Berlin and worked as Senior Regulatory Counsel for a German mobile network operator. Kristina was a postgraduate trainee at the Competition Directorate-General of the European Commission in Brussels and she was a visiting fellow at EPIC in Washington, D.C..

  • Publications

    2020

    2018

    • Granger, M-P., & Irion, K. (2018). The right to protection of personal data: The new posterchild of European Union citizenship? In S. de Vries, H. de Waele, & M-P. Granger (Eds.), Civil Rights and EU Citizenship: Challenges at the Crossroads of the European, National and Private Spheres (pp. 279–302). (Interdisciplinary Perspectives on EU Citizenship). Edward Elgar. https://doi.org/10.4337/9781788113441.00019 [details]
    • Irion, K., & Jusić, T. (2018). Conclusions: A Cross-National Comparison of International Assistance and Media Democratization in the Western Balkans. In K. Irion, & T. Jusić (Eds.), Media Constrained by Context: International Assistance and the Transition to Democratic Media in the Western Balkans (pp. 273-298). Central European University Press. https://muse.jhu.edu/chapter/2237189 [details]
    • Irion, K., & Jusić, T. (Eds.) (2018). Media Constrained by Context: International Assistance and the Transition to Democratic Media in the Western Balkans. Budapest: Central European University Press. [details]
    • Oostveen, M., & Irion, K. (2018). The Golden Age of Personal Data: How to Regulate an Enabling Fundamental Right? In M. Bakhoum, B. Conde Gallego, M-O. Mackenrodt, & G. Surblytė-Namavičienė (Eds.), Personal Data in Competition, Consumer Protection and Intellectual Property Law: Towards a Holistic Approach? (pp. 7-26). (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law; Vol. 28). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-57646-5_2 [details]
    • Zuiderveen Borgesius, F. J., Möller, J., Kruikemeier, S., Ó Fathaigh, R., Irion, K., Dobber, T., Bodo, B., & de Vreese, C. (2018). Online Political Microtargeting: Promises and Threats for Democracy. Utrecht Law Review, 14(1), 82-96. https://doi.org/10.18352/ulr.420 [details]

    2017

    2016

    2015

    • Irion, K. (2015). Your digital home is no longer your castle: how cloud computing transforms the (legal) relationship between individuals and their personal records. International Journal of Law and Information Technology, 23(4), 348-371. https://doi.org/10.1093/ijlit/eav015 [details]
    • Irion, K., & Valcke, P. (2015). Cultural diversity in the digital age: EU competences, policies and regulations for diverse audio-visual and online content. In E. Psychogiopoulou (Ed.), Cultural governance and the European Union (pp. 75-90). (Palgrave Studies in European Union Politics). Palgrave Macmillan. http://www.ivir.nl/publicaties/download/1441 [details]

    2014

    • Granger, M-P., & Irion, K. (2014). The Court of Justice and The Data Retention Directive in Digital Rights Ireland: Telling Off The EU Legislator and Teaching a Lesson in Privacy and Data Protection. European Law Review, 39(6), 834-850. [details]
    • Irion, K., & Jusić, T. (2014). International Assistance and Media Democratization in the Western Balkans: A Cross-National Comparison. Global Media Journal. German Edition, 4(2). [details]
    • Irion, K., & Ledger, M. (2014). Measuring independence: Approaches, limitations and a new ranking tool. In W. Schultz, P. Valcke, & K. Irion (Eds.), The Independence of the Media and Its Regulatory Agencies: Shedding new light on formal and actual independence against the national context (pp. 139-184). (ECREA Book Series). Bristol: Intellect. [details]
    • Irion, K., & Radu, R. (2014). Delegation to Independent Regulatory Authorities in the Media Sector: A Paradigm Shift through the Lens of Regulatory Theory. In W. Schultz, P. Valcke, & K. Irion (Eds.), The Independence of the Media and Its Regulatory Agencies: Shedding new light on formal and actual independence against the national context (pp. 15-54). (ECREA Book Series). Bristol: Intellect. [details]
    • Schultz, W., Valcke, P., & Irion, K. (2014). The Independence of the Media and Its Regulatory Agencies: Shedding new light on formal and actual independence against the national context. (ECREA Book Series). Bristol: Intellect. [details]

    2012

    2011

    2009

    • Irion, K. (2009). Separated Together: The International Telecommunications Union and Civil Society. International Journal of Communications Law and Policy, 13, 95-113.

    2019

    2018

    • Irion, K. (2018). EU Law on Cross-Border Flows of Personal Data in a Global Perspective. Gyeongje Gyuje wa Beob = Journal of Law and Economic Regulation, 11(2), 40-57. [details]
    • Irion, K., & Jusić, T. (2018). International Assistance and Media Democratization in the Western Balkans: A Theoretical Framework. In K. Irion, & T. Jusić (Eds.), Media Constrained by Context: International Assistance and the Transition to Democratic Media in the Western Balkans (pp. 5-26). Central European University Press. https://muse.jhu.edu/chapter/2237128 [details]
    • Low, L., Vagts, K., Schwartz, P., Irion, K., Stevenson, H., Brunner, L., & Wimmer, K. (2018). Third Annual Detlev F. Vagts Roundtable on Transnational Law: Data Protection in a Global World. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting - American Society of International Law, 112, 219-233. https://doi.org/10.1017/amp.2019.123 [details]

    2016

    • Irion, K. (2016). A special regard: The Court of Justice and the fundamental rights to privacy and data protection. In U. Faber, K. Feldhoff, K. Nebe, K. Schmidt, & U. Waßer (Eds.), Gesellschaftliche Bewegungen - Recht unter Beobachtung und in Aktion: Festschrift für Wolfhard Kohte (pp. 873-890). Nomos. [details]
    • van Breda, B., van Eijk, N., Irion, K., McGonagle, T., & van Voorst, S. (2016). Smart TV and data protection. (IRIS special). Strasbourg: European Audiovisual Observatory. [details]

    2015

    2014

    2013

    • Irion, K. (2013). The Governance of Network and Information Security in the European Union: The European Public-Private Partnership for Resilience (EP3R). In J. Krüger, B. Nickolay, & S. Gaycken (Eds.), The secure information society: ethical, legal and political challenges (pp. 83-116). London: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-4763-3_4
    • Irion, K., & Luchetta, G. (2013). Online Personal Data Processing and the EU Data Protection Reform: report of the CEPS Digital Forum, April 2013. Brussels: Centre for European Policy Studies.

    2009

    2020

    2019

    • Irion, K. (2019). The INDIREG study and methodology. In M. Cappello (Ed.), The independence of media regulatory authorities in Europe (pp. 27-34). (IRIS Special; Vol. 2019, No. 1). Strasbourg: European Audiovisual Observatory.
    • Irion, K., & Francese Coutinho, M. (2019). Conclusions. In M. Cappello (Ed.), The independence of media regulatory authorities in Europe (pp. 115-122). (IRIS Special; Vol. 2019, No. 1). Strasbourg: European Audiovisual Observatory.
    • Irion, K., & van Til, G. (2019). Introduction. In M. Cappello (Ed.), The independence of media regulatory authorities in Europe (pp. 3-6). (IRIS Special; Vol. 2019, No. 1). Strasbourg: European Audiovisual Observatory. [details]
    • Irion, K., & van Til, G. (2019). The evolution of independent regulatory authorities in the audiovisual media sector in European Union law. In M. Cappello (Ed.), The independence of media regulatory authorities in Europe (pp. 19-25). (IRIS Special; Vol. 2019, No. 1). Strasbourg: European Audiovisual Observatory.

    2018

    2017

    • Bartl, M., & Irion, K. (2017). The Japan EU Economic Partnership Agreement: Flows of Personal Data to the Land of the Rising Sun. Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3099390 [details]
    • Bartl, M., & Irion, K. (2017). Flows of Personal Data to the Country of Raising Sun. In Making Sense of JEFTA
    • Irion, K. (Author), & Helberger, N. (Author). (2017). The Weeping Angels are back, and they attack our privacy via smart TVs. Web publication/site, Internet Policy Review. Retrieved from https://policyreview.info/articles/news/weeping-angels-are-back-and-they-attack-our-privacy-smart-tvs/451 [details]
    • Irion, K., Ledger, M., Svensson, S., & Rsumovic, N. (2017). The independence and functioning of the regulatory authority for electronic media in Serbia: an assessment using the INDIREG methodology. Council of Europe. [details]
    • Irion, K., Yakovleva, S., van Hoboken, J., & Thomson, M. (2017). A Roadmap to Enhancing User Control via Privacy Dashboards. Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam, Institute for Information Law. [details]
    • Zuiderveen Borgesius, F., van Hoboken, J., Fahy, R., Irion, K., & Rozendaal, M. (2017). An Assessment of the Commission’s Proposal on Privacy and Electronic Communications: Study for the LIBE Committee. Brussels: European Parliament, Directorate-General for Internal Policies, Policy Department C: Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs. https://doi.org/10.2861/021501 [details]

    2016

    • Irion, K., Iakovleva, S., & Bartl, M. (2016). Trade and Privacy: Complicated Bedfellows? How to achieve data protection-proof free trade agreements. Amsterdam: Institute for Information Law, University of Amsterdam. [details]

    2015

    • Irion, K., Cavaliere, P., & Pavli, D. (2015). Comparative study of best European practices of online content regulation: law and policy regulation, in particular defamation online, in the light of Albanian legislative proposals. Strasbourg: Council of Europe. [details]
    • Irion, K., Granger, M-P., & Eskens, S. J., (2015). Case note: HvJ EU (gevoegde zaken C-293/12 en C-594/12: Digital Rights Ireland/Ierse Ministers en Attorney General), No. 9, Apr 08, 2014. (Mediaforum; Vol. 2015, No. 3). [details]

    2014

    • Irion, K., Ledger, M., Svensson, S., & Fejzulla, E. (2014). The Independence and Functioning of the Audiovisual Media Authority of Albania: an assessment using the INDIREG methodology: study commissioned by the Council of Europe. Strasbourg: Council of Europe. [details]

    2013

    2011

    • Schulz, W., Beeskow, J., Dreyer, S., Sprenger, R., Valcke, P., Stevens, D., ... Suter, T. (2011). INDIREG: Indicators for independence and efficient functioning of audiovisual media services regulatory bodies for the purpose of enforcing the rules in the AVMS Directive (SMART 2009/0001): final report. Hamburg: Hans-Bredow-Institut for Media Research at the University of Hamburg.

    2016

    • Möller, J. E., Trilling, D. C., Helberger, N., Irion, K., & de Vreese, C. H. (2016). Shrinking core? Exploring the differential agenda setting power of traditional and personalized news media. Paper presented at EuroCPR, Brussels, Belgium.

    Media appearance

    • Irion, K. (21-11-2019). Cruciale Nederlandse datacenters steeds vaker in Amerikaanse handen – is dat erg?, [Web] de Volkskrant. Cruciale Nederlandse datacenters steeds vaker in Amerikaanse handen – is dat erg?,.
    • Irion, K. (23-09-2017). Internet privacy in a digital economy [Television] Al Jazeera's Counting the Cost. Internet privacy in a digital economy.
    • Helberger, N. & Irion, K. (22-03-2017). Wetten moeten worden aangepast vanwege smart tv's [Radio] BNR Radio. Wetten moeten worden aangepast vanwege smart tv’s.
    • Irion, K. & Helberger, N. (21-03-2017). Privacy kijkers smart-tv fors onder de maat [Web] De Telegraaf. Privacy kijkers smart-tv fors onder de maat.
    • Irion, K. & Helberger, N. (21-03-2017). Privacy kijkers smart-tv fors onder de maat [Web] Zembla. Privacy kijkers smart-tv fors onder de maat.

    Talk / presentation

    • Irion, K. (speaker) (11-11-2020). Achieving ‘responsible data’ in the National Data Strategy: from principles to practice, Ada Lovelace Institute.
    • Irion, K. (speaker) (27-10-2020). Expert on Digital Europe, Transnational Digital Citizens Dialogue.
    • Irion, K. (speaker) (17-9-2020). Crash Course: Data and Borders in a Post-Privacy Shield World, Silicon Flatirons Centre.
    • Irion, K. (speaker) (25-2-2020). Transnational AI Systems and Emerging AI Governance, VU University.
    • Irion, K. (speaker) (25-11-2019). High-Level Policy Dialogue on “The Governance of Digital Networks: Convergence or Fragmentation”, EUI School of Transnational Governance, Hertie School and the Oxford Internet Institute.
    • Irion, K. (speaker) (28-10-2019). Violent Algorithms and Visual Politics, Spui 25, Amsterdam.
    • Irion, K. (speaker) (14-10-2019). Compliance bezogen auf Forschungsdaten, Verein zur Förderung des deutschen & internationalen Wissenschaftsrechts.
    • Irion, K. (speaker) (2-7-2019). Users. Privacy & Art, Arts/Science: Academy Honours Programme for Young Artists and Scientists, Amsterdam.
    • Irion, K. (keynote speaker) (6-6-2019). Do we need to regulate social media? Rationales for and viability of regulation of online platforms and social media, Regional Symposium of COMPACT, Ljubljana.
    • Irion, K. (speaker) (21-3-2019). Geo-governance of data flows, Conferentie Nederland Digitaal , Hilversum.
    • Irion, K. (speaker) (30-1-2019). Computers, Privacy & Data Protection Conference, Computers, Privacy & Data Protection Conference, Brussels.
    • Irion, K. (speaker) (27-11-2018). Big Data and Cybersecurity in China and the EU, Brussels Privacy Hub .
    • Irion, K. (speaker) (27-11-2018). The West Wing, Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken, Den Haag.
    • Irion, K. (speaker) (16-11-2018). Big Data and Global Trade Law, University of Lucerne.
    • Irion, K. (speaker) (15-10-2018). Workshop on the protection of children in a connected world, OECD.
    • Irion, K. (speaker) (7-9-2018). EU Law on Cross-Border Flow of Personal Data in a Global Perspective, 17th International Conference on The Law’s Evolution and Response to Data-Driven Innovation
      , Honolulu.
    • Irion, K. (speaker) (6-4-2018). Third Annual Detlev F. Vagts Roundtable on Transnational Law: Data Protection in Global World, 112 ASIL Annual Meeting , Washington.
    • Irion, K. (speaker) (20-2-2018). Workshop Free Flow of Data - A Cornerstone of the Digital Single Market, European Parliament.
    • Irion, K. (speaker) (24-1-2018). Computer Privacy and Data Protection 2018 International Conference, Computer Privacy and Data Protection 2018 International Conference, Brussels.
    • Irion, K. (speaker) (27-9-2017). 6th Asian Privacy Scholars Network Conference, Asian Privacy Scholars Network International Conference, Hong Kong.
    • van Eijk, N. A. N. M. (speaker) & Irion, K. (speaker) (27-9-2017). A roadmap to enhancing user control via privacy dashboards, 6th APSN International Conference, Hong Kong.
    • Irion, K. (speaker) (25-9-2017). International Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners’ Conferences (IDPPCC), 39th International Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners Conference, Hong Kong.
    • Irion, K. (speaker) (17-5-2017). National Day of Communication Congress 2017, National Day of Communication Congress 2017, Twente.
    • Irion, K. (speaker) (25-1-2017). Computer Privacy and Data Protection Conference 2017 International Conference, CPDP Computers, Data Protection Law and Privacy Conference, Brussels, 2017..
    • Irion, K. (speaker) (15-11-2016). Protection of children online: an update, OECD Working Party on Security and Privacy in the Digital Economy (SPDE).
    • Bartl, M. (speaker) & Irion, K. (speaker) (12-10-2016). Trade and Privacy, Difficult Bedfellows?, European Parliament.
    • Irion, K. (speaker) (6-4-2016). The reform of the e-privacy directive: how to get it right?, Greens/EFA, Brussels.

    2018

    This list of publications is extracted from the UvA-Current Research Information System. Questions? Ask the library or the Pure staff of your faculty / institute. Log in to Pure to edit your publications. Log in to Personal Page Publication Selection tool to manage the visibility of your publications on this list.
  • Ancillary activities
    • No ancillary activities