Rob (Robert) van der Laarse is chair of the Cultural Sciences capacity group at the UvA, and Westerbork professor in the Heritage and Memory of War and Conflict at the humanities faculties of VU Amsterdam and the University of Amsterdam. He studied New and Theoretical History, Cultural Anthropology and Political Sciences, and graduated and obtained his PhD at the UvA (both with greatest distinction), where he has been staff member of the History, Media, and Art and Culture departments. He is also affiliated with VU's Art and Culture, History and Antiquity department, and has been fellow at the ESRI (Salford University), Jean Monnet fellow at the EUI Florence, fellow and theme leader at the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study (NIAS), theme leader in the UvA priority program Heritage and Identity (ACHI) and the VU/UvA research centre ACCESS EUROPE. Since the early 2000s he has been founding program director of Heritage Studies at the UvA, co-research leader at CLUE research school of VU Amsterdam, and founding research director of the UvA's Amsterdam School for Heritage, Memory and Material Culture (AHM).
Van der Laarse's research focuses roughly on two domains: Power, Culture and Elites, and Heritage, Memory and Conflict. He published around 100 publications and has been invited approximately to some 200 lectures and keynote talks, and co-organized also a substantial number of international conferences such as The Challenge of Heritage (Amsterdam 2002), The Dynamics of War, Heritage, Memory and Remembrance (Amsterdam 2007), The Archaeology of Terrorscapes (Helsinki 2012), Competing Memories (Amsterdam 2013), and Heritage, Tourism and Hospitality (Amsterdam 2015).
Power, Landscape and Elite Culture
Since his historical-anthropological PhD dissertation Bevoogding en Bevinding,1780-1930 (Paternalism and Piety 1989) on the crucial role of political ritual, elitist power and religious identitarianism as a (Dutch pillarised) road to modernity (Praemium Erasmianum Research Prize 1990), an important part of his research is born from a fascination with the cultural dynamics, interpretation and (re)presentation of culture, power, ritual and identity- and memory politics of symbolic communities. While exploring the remarkable continuity (and final decline) of aristocracy with the fabrication of the class, political religions and the nation state (e.g. A Nation of Notables. Class, Religion and Politics (1999), Bearing the Stamp of History (2000), Van goeden huize (2001) and Beelden van de buitenplaats (with Yme Kuiper, 2005/ rev.ed. 2014), he became fascinated by topics like the long-term cultural and territorial representation of landed power. For many years he explored with students and colleagues in archives and fieldtrips the remnants of castles and country estates, which resulted in publications on the Habsburg-Burgundian courtiers, the 'forgotten' nobility of the Dutch Republic, the 17th c. territorial politics of the Orange King-Stadholder, gardening, physico-theology, and the 19th Brussels-Hague court culture of William II and Anna Pavlova (Bulletin KNOB 2010, and Une Passion Royale: Guillaume II des Pays Bas et Anna Pavlovna (exhibition catalogue 2013-2014).
Purity, Heritage, Conflict and Memory
Another principal area of research concerns Europe's post-Enlightenment tracing of the cultural roots of 20th c. racism in an obsession with purity, health and order in art, culture and politics, like addressed in De hang naar zuiverheid (co-edited1998) and Masking the Other (1999) on Max Nordau's hidden Jewishness. Challenged by the EU's rising 'identity crisis', his interest shifted from the roots of populist authoritarianism to its afterlife. He edited a (bilingual) critical heritage studies handbook Bezeten van vroeger (2005), and published widely on the complexities of memory and modernity, and heritage, identity and conflict, like addressed in De dynamiek van de herinnering (2009, co-ed with Frank van Vree), his Reinwardt Memorial Lecture De Oorlog als beleving (2010/2011), and his inaugural Nooit meer Auschwitz? (2012). Van der Laarse also critizised the identity narrative and stately heritage practices of UNESCO's Intangible Heritage Convention (Boekman 2011, and recently in Europe's Peat Fire 2019). His 2013 publications Archaeology of Memory and Beyond Auschwitz rethink the issue of European competing memories, Holocaust dissonances and abuses of the past in the present Age of Post-Memory and Identity. He co-edited Traces of Terror, Signs of Trauma (2014) as one of mamy outcomes of his international Terrorscapes in Postwar Europe networking project. In other publications, like Fatal Attraction (2015), he pointed at uneasy relations between Nazi-Germany's Eastern Heimatscaping and postmodern heritagescaping and the strongly tabood attraction of perpetrator heritage. As to understand the geopolitical dimension of Europe's culture battles, he co-edited Religion, State Society and Identity in Transition: Ukraine (2015) and critically commented deep-rooted heritage and Holocaust and postcommunist memory conflicts in the EU's borderlands, like in Who owns the Crimean Past? (2016), Muséographies des violences en Europe Centrale et ex-URRS (Sorbonne 2016), and Bones never lie? (2017). Currently he is working on the complex interaction of left- and rightwing narratives scine 1968.
During his career Rob van der Laarse has been granted more than 5 million euros research funding, and he supervised/s some 20 PhD projects at different universities, and he was the honorary co-promotor of Charlotte van Rappard at the dies natalis celebration of the University of Amsterdam in January 2015 (awarded for her work on the international heritage treaties and the restitution of WWII's stolen Jewish art). See the Research tab for more information.
Since the early 2000's he pioneered in heritage studies' research funding, which culminated in several large (inter) national research projects (see the other tab page). Together with Frank van Vree he initiated the NWO research line The Dynamics of Memory (2008-2014) at the UvA, VU and NIOD, funded by NWO and the 'Heritage of War' program of the Ministry of VWS (for which he was also a sworn policy adviser), which succeeded in publishing a large number of dissertations and book volumes by means of co-matching with Holocaust memorial museums and war heritage institutes. As an international offspring of these projects Van der Laarse received an Anglo-Dutch (AHRC-NWO) grant on Landscapes of War and Trauma (with the University of Cambridge), and a NWO grant for his Terrorscapes project on transnational memory of totalitarian terror and genocide in postwar Europe from the Holocaust to the 1990s Yugoslav Wars, and an additional fellowship and theme group grant (with Georgi Verbeeck) at the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study (NIAS). This network was awarded the Premio Euromediterraneo of the Italian Ministry of Culture, Confindustria, and the public media association in Rome 2013 in the category of best practice of transnational communication beyond the national cultural boundaries "that will have a fundamental impact on the building of European citizenship".
Drawing from this expertise on conflict sites and competing memories analysis, he received another 1.2 million euros from the European HERA-JRP/ ERA-Horizon 2020 Uses of the Past call of 2016 for the collaborative 4-years project Accessing Campscapes (iC-ACCESS) with a large international team of academic and professional partners and IT companies, working together in around 15 organised research fieldtrips on interdisciplinary experimenting with multivocal, inclusive strategies for digital access to European conflicted heritage sites. Since 2016 he is also the UvA lead in the Horizon 2020 5-years Marie-Curie ITN project Critical Heritage Studies and the Future of Europe (CHEurope) of which the Amsterdam team participates with several PhD students in an international doctoral training programme with European key partners in critical heritage studies.
Editing, Reviewing and Evaluating
Van der Laarse is a book and peer reviewer of several international journals, founding co-editor of the Palgrave Studies in Cultural Heritage and Conflict (Palgrave-Macmillan), of Heritage and Memory Studies (Amsterdam University Press) with Ihab Saloul and Britt Baillie, and previously of Landscape and Heritage Studies (AUP), as well as a member of the editorial advisory boards of KLEOS (Amsterdam Bulletin for Ancient Studies and Archaeology), Virtus. Journal of Nobility Studies (Verloren) with Yme Kuiper and Hanneke Ronnes, Open Anthropological Research (De Gruyter), and from 2016-2019 Accessing Campscapes E-Journal (with Zuzanna Dziuban) and co-founding editor of its successor Heritage, Memory and Conflict Journal (HMS) to be launched in 2021.
He is also regularly asked as research evaluator and panel assessor for NWO, RCN, HERA, JPICH and ERC, as PhD thesis supervisor and examiner at other Dutch and foreign universities.
During the past decade Van der Laarse was member of the advisory boards of several museums and heritage organisations, and he is trustee of the Paradox Foundation (photography and new media productions). He co-initated the Westerbork Archaeological Research Project (2012) a cooperative project of Memorial Camp Westerbork, CLUE-VU and RAAP as part of a wider Holocaust archaeology collaboration, and is also consulted as a heritage expert by many Dutch and foreign city and memorial museums, media programs and cultural initiatives, such as the AVRO radio 1 serial Dadererfgoed (perpetrator's heritage, 2008) and the curating city's project Museumtraject Mechelen (2013). Together with archaeologist Caroline Sturdy Colls and Ivar Schute he took part in the Furneaux and Edgar productions Unearthing Treblinka (Channel 5, 2013) and Treblinkla: Hitler's Killing Machine (Smithsonnian TV, 2014) on the discovery of the Treblinka gas chambers, and he is also regularly asked for expert interviews like on the Zwangsarbeit website of CEDIS FU Berlin (2014), and public lectures, such as the ICOMOS-UK Annual Christmas Lecture 2014 in London, the Utrecht Studium Generale in 2017, and the 4th Heritage Forum of Central Europe 2017.
Van der Laarse teaches at the UvA and VU University in Amsterdam, and supervises internships, tutorials, BA honours and MA theses, and PhD research on heritage and memory, cultural studies, museology and landscape studies, terrorscapes, competing memories and conflict heritage. See the Courses tab for more information.
Prof. dr. R. van der Laarse
University of Amsterdam, Art and Culture Department, BG 2 Campus, room 1.11, Turfdraagsterpad 15
1012 XT Amsterdam
University of Amsterdam, Postbus 94551
1090 GN Amsterdam
Most of my teaching is related to the heritage and memory (dual) master programs at the UvA and VU University of Amsterdam. I am also supervising tutorials, BA honors, and MA theses on heritage and memory studies, cultural history and cultural studies, focusing on themes like European terrorscapes and competing memories, landscapes of power, elites and aristocracy, purity and modernity, war heritage and Holocaust memory, conflict heritage and heritage of conflict, spatial-digital mapping and experience design, authenticity and identity, commodification and uses/abuses of the past, heritagescapes and memoryscapes.
Van der Laarse is (was), in addition to some 25 individual research grants (20-200k EUR), Project Leader of the following granted, collaborative research lines, programs and projects:
Van der Laarse was honorary promotor (with prof.dr. Pim den Boer) of Charlotte van Rappard at the dies natalis celebration of the University of Amsterdam in January 2015, honored for her contribution to international treaties on cultural heritage, illegal trade, and the research and restitution of WW II's stolen Jewsh art.