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Ecosystems are inherently complex and dynamic, adapting continuously to changing conditions. They are characterized by a network of interactions between species and their abiotic environment, governed by processes that operate on different temporal and spatial scales. The research priority Global Ecology focuses on the functioning of ecosystems and in particular on how they change due to natural processes or human impact.
Fundamental knowledge of the interactions and dynamic processes shaping ecosystems is essential for understanding and predicting how our natural environment will change in the future. In turn, this is necessary to come to innovative solutions for protecting the Earth’s biodiversity and for ensuring the continuing supply of the essential services delivered by global ecosystems.